Particle Technology and Engineering

Author: Jonathan P.K. Seville
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0080983448
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Particle Technology and Engineering presents the basic knowledge and fundamental concepts that are needed by engineers dealing with particles and powders. The book provides a comprehensive reference and introduction to the topic, ranging from single particle characterization to bulk powder properties, from particle-particle interaction to particle-fluid interaction, from fundamental mechanics to advanced computational mechanics for particle and powder systems. The content focuses on fundamental concepts, mechanistic analysis and computational approaches. The first six chapters present basic information on properties of single particles and powder systems and their characterisation (covering the fundamental characteristics of bulk solids (powders) and building an understanding of density, surface area, porosity, and flow), as well as particle-fluid interactions, gas-solid and liquid-solid systems, with applications in fluidization and pneumatic conveying. The last four chapters have an emphasis on the mechanics of particle and powder systems, including the mechanical behaviour of powder systems during storage and flow, contact mechanics of particles, discrete element methods for modelling particle systems, and finite element methods for analysing powder systems. This thorough guide is beneficial to undergraduates in chemical and other types of engineering, to chemical and process engineers in industry, and early stage researchers. It also provides a reference to experienced researchers on mathematical and mechanistic analysis of particulate systems, and on advanced computational methods. Provides a simple introduction to core topics in particle technology: characterisation of particles and powders: interaction between particles, gases and liquids; and some useful examples of gas-solid and liquid-solid systems Introduces the principles and applications of two useful computational approaches: discrete element modelling and finite element modelling Enables engineers to build their knowledge and skills and to enhance their mechanistic understanding of particulate systems

Applied Environmental Materials Science for Sustainability

Author: Kobayashi, Takaomi
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522519726
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The growing presence of biomass and waste has caused significant changes to the environment. With the ubiquity of these materials, there is an increasing need for proper disposal and reuse of these resources. Applied Environmental Materials Science for Sustainability is a key resource on the latest advancements in environmental materials, including the utilization of biomass and waste for advanced materials. Highlighting innovative studies on renewable resources, green technology, and chemical modification, this book is an ideal reference source for academics, researchers, professionals, and graduate students in the field of environmental and materials sciences and technologies.

Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation of Spray Dryers

Author: Meng Wai Woo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315353520
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Bridging the gap in understanding between the spray drying industry and the numerical modeler on spray drying, Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation of Spray Dryers: An Engineer’s Guide shows how to numerically capture important physical phenomena within a spray drying process using the CFD technique. It includes numerical strategies to effectively describe these phenomena, which are collated from research work and CFD industrial consultation, in particular to the dairy industry. Along with showing how to set up models, the book helps readers identify the capabilities and uncertainties of the CFD technique for spray drying. After briefly covering the basics of CFD, the book discusses airflow modeling, atomization and particle tracking, droplet drying, quality modeling, agglomeration and wall deposition modeling, and simulation validation techniques. The book also answers questions related to common challenges in industrial applications.

Powders and Grains 2005 Two Volume Set

Author: R. García-Rojo
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0415889421
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume contains the proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the Micromechanics of Granular Media, Powders and Grains 2005. Powders and Grains is an international scientific conference held every 4 years that brings together engineers and physicists interested in the micromechanics of granular media. The book is a guide to the hottest topics in the general problem of the microscopic description and understanding of granulates. Powders and Grains offer an excellent overview of the state of the art research on granular media. Authors from all over the world and different backgrounds discuss their most up-to-date research interests and results in more than 280 concise articles. Included are experimental, numerical, and theoretical investigations by both engineers and physicists. The result is a valuable tool for engineers, physicists as well as for applied mathematicians, geologists, and other scientists concerned with problems ranging from the most basic and theoretical, to the daily problems of industry production, process performance or construction design.

Optical Coherence Tomography in Cardiovascular Research

Author: Evelyn Regar
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780415383486
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Given that for centuries, the standard tool to understand diseases in tissues was the microscope and that its major limitation was that only excised tissue could be used, recent technology now permits the examination of diseased tissue in vivo. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has promising potential when applied to coronary artery disease. OCT has the capability to identify coronary plaque and to distinguish between plaques that are stable and unstable. If the plaques are stable then OCT can direct percutaneous intervention (angioplasty or stenting). Optical coherence tomography is a light-based imaging technology that allows for very high resolution imaging in biological tissues. It has been first applied in ophthalmology, where it soon became the golden standard for the assessment of (epi-) retinal processes. The unique imaging capabilities have raised the interest of researchers and clinicians in the field of cardiovascular disease, since OCT offers unique possibilities to study atherosclerosis pathophysiology in vivo. With over 1.1M Americans having a heart attack this year because of unstable plaque rupture, OCT may have an increasingly important role in the early diagnosis of coronary artery disease. This unique publication offers the reader the basic background to OCT and its role in the diagnosis and management of coronary artery disease. The Handbook of Optical Coherence Tomography in Cardiovascular Research introduces the cardiovascular application of this technology. Clinicians, biologists, engineers and physicist are discussing different aspects of cardiovascular OCT application in a multidisciplinary approach. The handbook offers the readership a concise overview on the current state of the art of vascular OCT imaging and sheds light on a variety of exciting new developments. The physics, technical principles of OCT and its application in a broad spectrum of cardiovascular research areas are summarized by highly recognized specialists. The potential of OCT in peripheral and coronary arteries and in developmental cardiology are described. Each research area is introduced by a clinical expert in the field followed by discussion of different aspects from an engineering, biomedical and clinical perspective. Specifically, the current capabilities for plaque characterization, detection of vulnerable plaque, guidance of interventional procedures, Doppler-assessment, and molecular contrast imaging are being described. The Handbook of Optical Coherence Tomography in Cardiovascular Research targets researchers and clinicians involved in the field of atherosclerosis. The summary of basic physics, engineering solutions, pre-clinical and clinical application covers all relevant aspects and will be a valuable reference source.