Particles and Fundamental Interactions

Author: Sylvie Braibant
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400724640
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The book provides theoretical and phenomenological insights on the structure of matter, presenting concepts and features of elementary particle physics and fundamental aspects of nuclear physics. Starting with the basics (nomenclature, classification, acceleration techniques, detection of elementary particles), the properties of fundamental interactions (electromagnetic, weak and strong) are introduced with a mathematical formalism suited to undergraduate students. Some experimental results (the discovery of neutral currents and of the W± and Z0 bosons; the quark structure observed using deep inelastic scattering experiments) show the necessity of an evolution of the formalism. This motivates a more detailed description of the weak and strong interactions, of the Standard Model of the microcosm with its experimental tests, and of the Higgs mechanism. The open problems in the Standard Model of the microcosm and macrocosm are presented at the end of the book.

From the Universe to the Elementary Particles

Author: Ulrich Ellwanger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642243754
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In this book, the author leads the reader, step by step and without any advanced mathematics, to a clear understanding of the foundations of modern elementary particle physics and cosmology. He also addresses current and controversial questions on topics such as string theory. The book contains gentle introductions to the theories of special and general relativity, and also classical and quantum field theory. The essential aspects of these concepts are understood with the help of simple calculations; for example, the force of gravity as a consequence of the curvature of the space-time. Also treated are the Big Bang, dark matter and dark energy, as well as the presently known interactions of elementary particles: electrodynamics, the strong and the weak interactions including the Higgs boson. Finally, the book sketches as yet speculative theories: Grand Unification theories, supersymmetry, string theory and the idea of additional dimensions of space-time. Since no higher mathematical or physics expertise is required, the book is also suitable for college and university students at the beginning of their studies. Hobby astronomers and other science enthusiasts seeking a deeper insight than can be found in popular treatments will also appreciate this unique book.

Particles and Fundamental Interactions Supplements Problems and Solutions

Author: Sylvie Braibant
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400741359
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume is an exercises and solutions manual that complements the book "Particles and Fundamental Interactions" by Sylvie Braibant, Giorgio Giacomelli, and Maurizio Spurio. It aims to give additional intellectual stimulation for students in experimental particle physics. It will be a helpful companion in the preparation of a written examination, but also it provides a means to gaining a deeper understanding of high energy physics. The problems proposed are sometimes true and important research questions, which are described and solved in a step-by-step manner. In addition to the problems and solutions, this book offers fifteen Supplements that give further insight into topical subjects related to particle accelerators, signal and data acquisition systems and computational methods to treat them.

Elementare Teilchen

Author: Jörn Bleck-Neuhaus
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642325793
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Der aktuelle Wissensstand der Kern- und Elementarteilchenphysik hat eine wechselvolle Entstehungsgeschichte, oft gekennzeichnet durch schockierend neue Begriffsbildungen, die sich bis heute auch den Physik-Studierenden nur unter Mühen erschließen. Dieses Buch nutzt die kontroversen und zugleich lehrreichen Entwicklungsprozesse selber für den Zugang zu den schwierigen neuen Konzepten. Es macht verständlich, wie das physikalische Bild von den kleinsten Teilchen heute aussieht und warum es so und nicht anders entstanden ist: vom Nachweis der Existenz der Atome bis zum derzeitigen Standard-Modell der Elementarteilchenphysik, in einem ständigen Wechselspiel zwischen etablierten theoretischen Modellen, bestätigenden oder widersprechenden experimentellen Befunden, zuweilen umstrittenen neuen Begriffsbildungen, verbesserten Experimenten usw. - ein Prozess, der sicher auch künftig weiter geht. Leitschnur der Darstellung ist eine auch im Detail möglichst nachvollziehbare Argumentation. Physik-Studierende vor ihrem B.Sc.-Abschluss werden sich Kenntnisse über die subatomare Physik aneignen können, die zum Allgemeinwissen ihres Fachs zählen. Auch für Physik-Lehrende an Schulen oder Hochschulen dürfte diese neue Darstellung interessant sein. Die neue Auflage wurde auf den neuesten Wissenstand gebracht, insbesondere erste Ergebnisse vom LHC sind eingeflossen.

Introduction to Particle and Astroparticle Physics

Author: Alessandro De Angelis
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8847026881
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book, written by researchers who had been professionals in accelerator physics before becoming leaders of groups in astroparticle physics, introduces both fields in a balanced and elementary way, requiring only a basic knowledge of quantum mechanics on the part of the reader. The new profile of scientists in fundamental physics ideally involves the merging of knowledge in astroparticle and particle physics, but the duration of modern experiments is such that people cannot simultaneously be practitioners in both. Introduction to Particle and Astroparticle Physics is designed to bridge the gap between the fields. It can be used as a self-training book, a consultation book, or a textbook providing a “modern” approach to particles and fundamental interactions.

Einf hrung in die Elementarteilchenphysik

Author: David Griffiths
Publisher: VCH
ISBN: 9783055016271
Format: PDF
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The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and globalization have forced national history to yield place to European and global history. In medieval studies, Michael Borgolte has taken up the new challenge as no other German historian, encouraging the development of transcultural research on the Middle Ages. This volume includes several of his essays, but is intended to serve more as the basis for further research rather than to take stock of his work.

Elementarteilchenphysik

Author: Christoph Berger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540335943
Format: PDF, ePub
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Systematische Einführung, von den Grundlagen zu den modernen Experimenten bis zu den jüngsten Entwicklungen des Gebiets. Experimentelle Hilfsmittel wie Beschleuniger und Detektoren werden zu Beginn besprochen. Dann folgen die Symmetrieprinzipien und ihre Anwendungen. Neueste experimentelle Ergebnisse zur Neutrinophysik und zur Verletzung der CP-Symmetrie werden behandelt, bevor die Frage nach möglichen Erweiterungen des Standardmodells gestellt wird. Ansprechende Gestaltung mit 88 Übungen und Lösungshinweisen.

An Introduction to Relativistic Processes and the Standard Model of Electroweak Interactions

Author: Carlo M. Becchi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319061305
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book offers a self-contained introduction to the theory of electroweak interactions based on the semi-classical approach to relativistic quantum field theory, with thorough discussion of key aspects of the field. The basic tools for the calculation of cross sections and decay rates in the context of relativistic quantum field theory are reviewed in a short, but complete and rigorous, presentation. Special attention is focused on relativistic scattering theory and on calculation of amplitude in the semi-classical approximation. The central part of the book is devoted to an illustration of the unified field theory of electromagnetic and weak interactions as a quantum field theory with spontaneously broken gauge invariance; particular emphasis is placed on experimental confirmations of the theory. The closing chapters address the most recent developments in electroweak phenomenology and provide an introduction to the theory and phenomenology of neutrino oscillations. In this 2nd edition the discussion of relativistic scattering processes in the semi-classical approximation has been revised and as a result intermediate results are now explicitly proven. Furthermore, the recent discovery of the Higgs boson is now taken into account throughout the book. In particular, the Higgs decay channel into a pair of photons, which has played a crucial role in the discovery, is discussed. As in the first edition, the accent is still on the semi-classical approximation. However, in view of the necessity of a discussion of H !, the authors give several indications about corrections to the semiclassical approximation. Violation of unitarity is discussed in more detail, including the dispersion relations as a tool for computing loop corrections; the above-mentioned Higgs decay channel is illustrated by means of a full one-loop calculation; and finally, loop effects on the production of unstable particles (such as the Z0 boson) are now discussed. Finally, the neutrino mass and oscillation analysis is updated taking into account the major achievements of the last years.

Jenseits der Nanowelt

Author: Hans Günter Dosch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540266739
Format: PDF, Docs
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Dies ist eine hervorragende Einführung in die Teilchenphysik und ebenso ein Repetitorium für Studenten im Prüfungssemester und für Lehrer an Gymnasien. Der Autor, der als Forscher wesentliche Entwicklungen der Teilchenphysik begleitet hat und der als herausragender Lehrer gilt, wählt die Geschichte der Teilchenphysik als roten Faden. Die Begriffe und die Theorien werden in großer Klarheit präsentiert, und die Experimente werden herangezogen, um Erfolg und Misserfolg auf dem Weg zum Standardmodell zu illustrieren. Der mathematische Apparat wird klein gehalten, so dass das Buch auch den interessierten Laien in seinen Bann ziehen wird.

Dunkle Materie und Dinosaurier

Author: Lisa Randall
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104030251
Format: PDF, Docs
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Die Natur der Dunklen Materie gehört zu den spannendsten Fragen der Kosmologie. Die Bestseller-Autorin und Harvard-Professorin Lisa Randall nimmt uns in ihrem neuen Buch ›Dunkle Materie und Dinosaurier. Die erstaunlichen Zusammenhänge des Universums‹ mit auf eine Reise in die Welt der Physik und hilft uns zu verstehen, welche Rolle die Dunkle Materie bei der Entstehung unserer Galaxie, unseres Sonnensystems und sogar des Lebens selbst gespielt hat. Eindrucksvoll zeigt sie, wie die Wissenschaft neue Konzepte und Erklärungen für dieses weithin unbekannte Phänomen entwickelt und verwebt geschickt die Geschichte des Kosmos mit unserer eigenen. Ein Buch, das ein völlig neues Licht auf die tiefen Verbindungen wirft, die unsere Welt so maßgeblich mitgeprägt haben, und uns die außerordentliche Schönheit zeigt, die selbst den alltäglichsten Dingen innewohnt.