Pediatric Brain Stimulation

Author: Adam Kirton
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128020385
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Pediatric Brain Stimulation: Mapping and Modulating the Developing Brain presents the latest on this rapidly expanding field that has seen an exponential growth in publications over the past 10 years. Non-invasive modalities like TMS can painlessly map and measure complex neurophysiology in real patients. Neuromodulatory applications like rTMS and tDCS carry increasingly proven therapeutic applications. Rapidly advancing technological methodologies are increasing opportunities and indications. Despite all these benefits, applications in the more plastic developing brains of children are only just emerging. This book provides a comprehensive overview of brain stimulation in children. Chapters include Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) fundamentals, brain stimulation in pediatric neurological conditions, and invasive brain stimulation. The main audience for this research will be those interested in applying brain stimulation technologies to advance clinical research and patient care, although a wide variety of clinicians and scientist will find this to be a valuable reference on brain stimulation with specific chapters on a variety of conditions. Provides an overview of recent findings and knowledge of pediatric brain stimulation and the developing brain Edited by renowned leaders in the field of pediatric brain stimulation Presents a great resource for basic and clinical scientists and practitioners in neuroscience, neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Author: Lindsay M. Oberman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128127783
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders provides a comprehensive overview of neurotechnological devices as potential treatments for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents. Many neuropsychiatric disorders are covered such as Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, Depression, Tourette’s Syndrome, and OCD. Different device-based treatments are discussed such as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation, Deep Brain Stimulation, Chronotherapy, and Neurofeedback. Provides an overview of neuromodulatory devices as potential treatments for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents Gives evidence-based recommendations for non-drug interventions that may be effective for treatment options Discusses different neuromodulatory treatment options, including TMS, tDCS, DBS, chronotherapy and neurofeedback

Adult and Pediatric Neuromodulation

Author: Jason P. Gilleran
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319732668
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This text reviews the anatomy and physiology of neuromodulation for treatment of various pathology of the human body, with specific emphasis on sacral neuromodulation for bladder and bowel dysfunction in the adult and pediatric populations. In addition to historical overview of the various methods of neuromodulation, present day applications will be discussed as well as possible future directions for use. Adult and Pediatric Neuromodulation will be of great value to medical professionals who are interested in the use of neuromodulation as a possible therapy option for their patients, particularly when other traditional or medical management options have failed. Each chapter is written by experts in the topic of various modalities of neuromodulation.

The Stimulated Brain

Author: Roi Cohen Kadosh
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124047122
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Stimulated Brain—which garnered an Honorable Mention for Biomedicine & Neuroscience at the 2015 PROSE Awards from the Association of American Publishers—presents the first integration of findings on brain stimulation from different research fields with a primary focus on Transcranial Electrical Stimulation (tES), one of the most frequently used noninvasive stimulation methods. The last decade has witnessed a significant increase in the amount of research exploring how noninvasive brain stimulation can not only modulate but also enhance cognition and brain functions. However, although Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and particularly tES have the potential to become more widely applicable techniques (as they come with none of the risks associated with deep brain stimulation) the reference literature on these neurotechnologies has been sparse. This resource provides a broad survey of current knowledge, and also marks future directions in cognitive and neuro-enhancement. It expands our understanding of basic research findings from animals and humans, including clear translational benefits for applied research and the therapeutic use of noninvasive brain stimulation methods. The book's coverage includes a primer that paves the way to a more advanced knowledge of tES and its physiological basis; current research findings on cognitive and neuro-enhancement in animals and typical and atypical human populations, such as neurological patients; and discussions of future directions, including specific neuroethical issues and pathways for collaboration and entrepreneurialism. The Stimulated Brain is the first book to provide a comprehensive understanding of different aspects of noninvasive brain stimulation that are critical for scientists, clinicians, and those who are interested in “stimulating their minds by exploring this fascinating field of research. Honorable Mention for Biomedicine & Neuroscience in the 2015 PROSE Awards from the Association of American Publishers The only reference on the market to focus on transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) Coverage across technical, historical, and application topics makes this the single, comprehensive resource for researchers and students Edited book with chapters authored by international leaders in the fields of medicine, neuroscience, psychology, and philosophy—providing the broadest, most expert coverage available

The Safety and Efficacy of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Development and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Author: Lindsay M. Oberman
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889196992
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Noninvasive brain stimulation (including Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Transcranial Current Brain Stimulation (TCS)) can be used both experimentally and therapeutically. In the experimental domain TMS can be applied in single pulses to depolarize a small population of neurons in a targeted brain region. This protocol can be used, for example, to map cortical motor outputs, study central motor conduction time, or evaluate the cortical silent period (a measure of intracortical inhibition) all of which are relevant to neurodevelopment. TMS can also be applied in pairs of pulses (paired pulse stimulation, ppTMS) where two pulses are presented in rapid succession to study intracortical inhibition and facilitation. Trains of repeated TMS (rTMS) pulses can be applied at various stimulation frequencies and patterns to modulate local cortical excitability beyond the duration of the stimulation itself. Depending on the parameters of stimulation the excitability can be either facilitated or suppressed. TCS (including Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), alternating current (tACS), and random noise current stimulation (tRNS) also have the potential to modulate cortical excitability and have also been used to study and modulate cortical activity in healthy and patient populations. The after-effects of rTMS and TCS are thought to be related to changes in efficacy (in either the positive or negative direction) of synaptic connections of the neurons being stimulated, thus these techniques have been used to study and modulate cortical plasticity mechanisms in a number of populations. Recently, researchers have begun to apply these techniques to the study of neurodevelopmental mechanisms as well as the pathophysiology and development of novel treatments for neurodevelopmental disorders. Though there is much promise, caution is warranted given the vulnerability of pediatric and clinical populations and the potential that these techniques have to modify circuit development in a cortex that is in a very dynamic state. This Research Topic hopes to provide an opportunity to share ideas across areas (human and animal researchers, clinicians and basic scientists). We are particularly interested in papers that address issues of choosing a protocol (intensity, frequency, location, coil geometry etc.), populations where noninvasive brain stimulation may have direct impact on diagnostics and treatment, as well as the safety and ethics of applying these techniques in pediatric populations. As many may not be aware of the potential and limitations of noninvasive brain stimulation and its use for research and treatment in this area, this Research Topic promises to have broad appeal. Submissions for all Frontiers article types are encouraged.

Pediatric Epilepsy

Author: Blaise F. Bourgeois, MD
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
ISBN: 9781934559864
Format: PDF
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The extensively updated third edition of Pediatric Epilepsy: Diagnosis and Therapy continues to be the definitive volume on the diagnosis, treatment, classification, and management of the childhood epilepsies. Written by nearly 100 international leaders in the field, this new edition progresses logically with major sections on the basic mechanisms of the disease, classification, epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, and age-related syndromes of epilepsy. The core of the new third edition is its completely updated section on antiepileptic drugs, including an in-depth discussion of dosage considerations, drug toxicity, teratogenicity, and drug interactions, with recommendations for optimal combinations when multiple drug therapy is required. Features unique to the third edition include: Expanded section on the basic science and mechanism of epilepsy Completely updated drug chapters, including newly released drugs and those in development Expanded chapters on vagus nerve stimulation and surgical treatment Expanded section on co-morbidities The third edition includes 21 new chapters, including discussions of: epileptic channelopathies; epileptogenic cerebral cortical malformation; epilepsy genes; etiologies and workup; evidence-based medicine issues related to drug selection; Levetiracetam; Sulthiame; Pregabalin; herbal medications; basic and advanced imaging; immunotherapy issues; vagus nerve stimulation therapy; cognitive and psychiatric co-morbidities and educational placement; and psychosocial aspects of epilepsy.

Exploring the Spectrum of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Author: Carolyn Murray-Slutsky
Publisher: Communication Skill Builders
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book is a resource for therapists, teachers, and parents who are interested in learning more about the spectrum of autism and appropriate intervention strategies. It provides a holistic view of autistic spectrum disorders and the children who experience them.

Neuropsychologie

Author: Bryan Kolb
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783827400529
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Das erfolgreich im deutschsprachigen Raum eingef hrte Lehrbuch Neuropsychologie liegt nunmehr in aktualisierter und neu berarbeiteter Form vor. Diese vollst ndige bersetzung der reorganisierten englischen Auflage ist mit 750 Seiten im Umfang gegen ber der 1. Auflage stark erweitert.Integriert wurden die molekularen und zellul ren Grundlagen der Hirnfunktion, neurologisches und psychiatrisches Grundwissen sowie eine Einf hrung in die neuropsychologische Diagnostik. V llig neu f gten Kolb und Whishaw Kapitel ber Aufmerksamkeit und Bewu tsein sowie ber Sehst rungen ein.

The Neurobiology of Orthodontics

Author: Margaritis Z. Pimenidis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642003966
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book presents the neurobiology of orthodontics according to the most recently acquired knowledge on the interaction of the brain activity with the senses. In particular, it highlights the ability of orofacial sensory input to modulate and change the brain activity underlying functions of the stomatognathic system, such as chewing, biting, speech, and occlusal feedback. The approach adopted thereby represents a significant departure from traditional orthodontics, in which malocclusions of the teeth have been interpreted as deriving from DNA coding errors. The described new conceptualization of the etiology and diagnosis of malocclusions has profound implications for orthodontic therapy, as is clearly explained. Orthodontic therapy in turn has significant effects on the brain, which are documented in a chapter devoted to neuroimaging methods. By opening up new and creative pathways in the world of orthodontics, this book will hopefully both educate and excite the practitioner. It is recommended reading for all orthodontists.

Neustart im Kopf

Author: Norman Doidge
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593508397
Format: PDF, Docs
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Die erstaunlichen Fähigkeiten unseres Gehirns Unser Gehirn ist nicht - wie lange angenommen - eine unveränderliche Hardware. Es kann sich vielmehr auf verblüffende Weise umgestalten und sogar selbst reparieren - und das bis ins hohe Alter. Diese Erkenntnis ist die wohl sensationellste Entdeckung der Neurowissenschaften. "Dr. Doidge, ein hervorragender Psychiater und Forscher, erkundet die Neuroplastizität in Begegnungen mit Pionieren der Forschung und mit Patienten, die von den neuen Möglichkeiten der Rehabilitation profitiert haben. ... Das Buch ist ein absolut außergewöhnliches und hoffnungsvolles Zeugnis der Möglichkeiten des menschlichen Gehirns." Oliver Sacks "...ein faszinierender Abriss der jüngsten Revolution in den Neurowissenschaften!" The New York Times "Das Gehirn ist kein fertig verdrahteter Denkapparat, der im Laufe des Lebens immer weiter verschleißt. Es kann sich umorganisieren, umformen und manchmal kann es sogar wachsen. Der Psychologe Norman Doidge erklärt neueste Ergebnisse der Hirnforschung: Durch einfühlsam geschilderte Beispiele macht er sie für jedermann verständlich und nachvollziehbar." Deutschlandfunk