Environmental Soil Landscape Modeling

Author: Sabine Grunwald
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420028189
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Environmental Soil-Landscape Modeling: Geographic Information Technologies and Pedometrics presents the latest methodological developments in soil-landscape modeling. It analyzes many recently developed measurement tools, and explains computer-related and pedometric techniques that are invaluable in the modeling process. This volume provides an in-depth overview of the history of soil-landscape modeling. By uniting the work of soil scientists from diverse backgrounds, it promotes quantitative soil-landscape modeling as a joint venture among those involved with soil geography, soil genesis, and pedometrics. About the Editor Sabine Grunwald is an Assistant Professor in the Soil and Water Science Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, at the University of Florida, Gainesville. She is the current vice-chair of the Commission 1.5 Pedometrics of the International Union of Soil Sciences.

Soils in Archaeological Research

Author: Vance T. Holliday
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195348811
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Soils, invaluable indicators of the nature and history of the physical and human landscape, have strongly influenced the cultural record left to archaeologists. Not only are they primary reservoirs for artifacts, they often encase entire sites. And soil-forming processes in themselves are an important component of site formation, influencing which artifacts, features, and environmental indicators (floral, faunal, and geological) will be destroyed and to what extent and which will be preserved and how well. In this book, Holliday will address each of these issues in terms of fundamentals as well as in field case histories from all over the world. The focus will be on principles of soil geomorphology , soil stratigraphy, and soil chemistry and their applications in archaeological research.

Encyclopedia of Soil Science

Author: Ward Chesworth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402039948
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Encyclopedia of Soil Science provides a comprehensive, alphabetical treatment of basic soil science in a single volume. It constitutes a wide ranging and authorative collection of some 160 academic articles covering the salient aspects of soil physics, chemistry, biology, fertility, technology, genesis, morphology, classification and geomorphology. With increased usage of soil for world food production, building materials, and waste repositories, demand has grown for a better global understanding of soil and its processes. longer articles by leading authorities from around the world are supplemented by some 430 definitions of common terms in soil sciences.

Advances in Ecological Research

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080567051
Format: PDF
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This volume contains five papers dealing with a wide range of plant, animal, and soil biological topics. Gray and his colleagues describe the origin and spread of the salt marsh grass Spartina anglica. The result of a hybridization at the close of the last century, this genetically uniform species has been extremely successful in its particular niche and has a fascinating biology. Smith stresses the importance of gene-environment interactions in life-history theory in contrast to the resource constraint emphasis of the optimization approach. Experimental approaches to the subject are also discussed. Chanway and his colleagues examine the evidence for the importance of interactions between plants and micro-organisms in the rhizosphere in determining the outcome of plant competition and the establishment of community structure. Despite scarce evidence, real effects meriting further research do seem to exist. Brundrett also deals with an aspect of ecology in the soil. Most plants seem to have mycorrhizal associates and their importance is now widely appreciated. Much has been learned but more research is needed to determine the beneficial or after effects of mycorrhizae in natural systems. Richter and Babar review the diversity of tropical soils. They are in fact much more variable than is often thought, perhaps because too few ecologists are specialists in soils. Clearly, a proper knowledge and understanding of the many soil types is vital to conservation and development work in the tropics. Serves as the fourth volume under new editorial direction Presents a broad range of topical papers in ecology Contains five papers dealing with a wide range of plant, animal, and soil biological topics

Soils Basic Concepts and Future Challenges

Author: Riccardo Scalenghe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113946003X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book was born as an international tribute to Fiorenzo C. Ugolini, an outstanding soil scientist, now retired from university teaching and research. It is a synthesis of the knowledge of soils, their genesis, functions and management, and includes contributions from leading soil scientists. It provides the basic concepts as well as data and practical examples from across the discipline. The book also discusses the increasingly important role of soils in enabling the preservation of life and contains a rare attempt to cross-harmonize the Soil Groups of the World Reference Base of Soil Resources with the Orders of the Soil Taxonomy. It also considers the possible existence of extraterrestrial soils based on the findings from the last space missions. This volume will be a valuable resource for researchers and students of soil science, soil conservation, geography and landscape ecology.

The Ecology and Management of Wetlands

Author: Donal D. Hook
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468483781
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book contains the proceedings of a symposium held at the College of Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina, USA, 16-20 June 1986. The seed for this symposium arose from a group of physiologists , soU scientists and biochemists that met in Leningrad, USSR in July 1975 at the 12th Botanical Conference in a Session organized by Professor B.B. Vartepetian. This group and others later conspired to contribute to a book entitled Plant Life in Anaerobic Environments (eds. D. D. Hook and R. M. M. Crawford, Ann Arbor Science, 1978). Several contributors to the book suggested in 1983 that a broad-scoped symposium on wetlands would be useful (a) in facilitating communication among the diverse research groups involved in wetlands research (b) in bringing researchers and managers together and (c) in presenting a com prehensive and balanced coverage on the status of ecology ami management of wetlands from a global perspective. With this encouragement, the senior editor organized a Plan ning Committee that encompassed expertise from many disciplines of wetland scientists and managers. This Committee, with input from their colleagues around the world, organized a symposium that addressed almost every aspect of wetland ecology and management.

Wind Blown Sediments in the Quaternary Record

Author: Quaternary Research Association (Great Britain)
Publisher: John Wiley & Son Limited
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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An in-depth analysis of the aeolian Quaternary record and current methods used in its study. With an emphasis on stratigraphical records gathered in the loess-palaeosol sequences of China and central Asia, the papers examine data derived from a range of complementary techniques: the marine oxygen isotope record, magnetostratigraphy, spectral analysis, magnetic susceptibility, anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility, rock magnetism, magnetic grain size, magnetic separation using the citrate-bicarbonate-dithionite technique, particle size analysis, palaeosol micromorphology, canning electron microscopy, carbon isotopes, electron microscopy, carbon isotopes, electron spin, resonance and luminescence dating.