Perception of Faces Objects and Scenes

Author: Mary A. Peterson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195313658
Format: PDF, Kindle
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From a barrage of photons, we readily and effortlessly recognize the faces of our friends, and the familiar objects and scenes around us. However, these tasks cannot be simple for our visual systems--faces are all extremely similar as visual patterns, and objects look quite different when viewed from different viewpoints. How do our visual systems solve these problems? The contributors to this volume seek to answer this question by exploring how analytic and holistic processes contribute to our perception of faces, objects, and scenes. The role of parts and wholes in perception has been studied for a century, beginning with the debate between Structuralists, who championed the role of elements, and Gestalt psychologists, who argued that the whole was different from the sum of its parts. This is the first volume to focus on the current state of the debate on parts versus wholes as it exists in the field of visual perception by bringing together the views of the leading researchers. Too frequently, researchers work in only one domain, so they are unaware of the ways in which holistic and analytic processing are defined in different areas. The contributors to this volume ask what analytic and holistic processes are like; whether they contribute differently to the perception of faces, objects, and scenes; whether different cognitive and neural mechanisms code holistic and analytic information; whether a single, universal system can be sufficient for visual-information processing, and whether our subjective experience of holistic perception might be nothing more than a compelling illusion. The result is a snapshot of the current thinking on how the processing of wholes and parts contributes to our remarkable ability to recognize faces, objects, and scenes, and an illustration of the diverse conceptions of analytic and holistic processing that currently coexist, and the variety of approaches that have been brought to bear on the issues.


Author: Volker Niemeier
Publisher: Hogrefe Verlag
ISBN: 3840922380
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Welchen Einfluss hat die Psyche auf die Haut? Der Band bietet einen Überblick über theoretische Ansätze und Forschungsergebnisse zur Bedeutung psychosomatischer und psychosozialer Faktoren bei Hauterkrankungen. Er erörtert, welchen Einfluss Stress und Lebensereignisse auf die Entwicklung einer Hautkrankheit haben bzw. welche psychischen Auswirkungen bestehende Hautkrankheiten haben können. Der Leser erhält umfassende Informationen zu verschiedenen Krankheitsbildern, wie z. B. zur Körperdysmorphen Störung, zu Lifestyle-Diagnosen und zu Vitiligo. Für die Behandlung von Hauterkrankungen spielt die Berücksichtigung psychosomatischer Faktoren auf verschiedenen Versorgungsebenen eine immer größere Rolle. Mehrere Beiträge widmen sich entsprechend den Möglichkeiten der integrativen Behandlung von Hautkrankheiten und stellen verhaltenstherapeutische und psychoanalytische Verfahren sowie psychiatrische Behandlungsoptionen vor. Auch aktuelle Entwicklungen in der Patientenschulung werden berichtet. Der Band bietet damit eine Zusammenstellung der wichtigsten Ergebnisse zum Thema „Haut und Psyche“ und liefert wichtige Anregungen dazu, was im Umgang mit Hautpatienten in der Psychotherapie zu beachten ist.

Multisensory Object Perception in the Primate Brain

Author: Marcus Johannes Naumer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441956156
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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It should come as no surprise to those interested in sensory processes that its research history is among the longest and richest of the many systematic efforts to understand how our bodies function. The continuing obsession with sensory systems is as much a re?ection of the fundamental need to understand how we experience the physical world as it is to understand how we become who we are based on those very experiences. The senses function as both portal and teacher, and their individual and collective properties have fascinated scientists and philosophers for millennia. In this context, the attention directed toward specifying their properties on a sense-by-sense basis that dominated sensory research in the 20th century seems a prelude to our current preoccupation with how they function in concert. Nevertheless, it was the concentrated effort on the operational principles of in- vidual senses that provided the depth of understanding necessary to inform current efforts to reveal how they act cooperatively. We know that the information provided by any individual sensory modality is not always veridical, but is subject to a myriad of modality-speci?c distortions. Thus, the brain’s ability to compare across the senses and to integrate the information they provide is not only a way to examine the accuracy of any individual sensory channel but also a way to enhance the collective information they make available to the brain.

Encyclopedia of Perception

Author: E. Bruce Goldstein
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412940818
Format: PDF, Docs
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Because of the ease with which we perceive, many people see perception as something that "just happens." However, even seemingly simple perceptual experiences involve complex underlying mechanisms, which are often hidden from our conscious experience. These mechanisms are being investigated by researchers and theorists in fields such as psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, computer science, and philosophy. A few examples of the questions posed by these investigations are, What do infants perceive? How does perception develop? What do perceptual disorders reveal about normal functioning? How can information from one sense, such as hearing, be affected by information from another sense, such as vision? How is the information from all of our senses combined to result in our perception of a coherent environment? What are some practical outcomes of basic research in perception? These are just a few of the questions this encyclopedia will consider, as it presents a comprehensive overview of the field of perception for students, researchers, and professionals in psychology, the cognitive sciences, neuroscience, and related medical disciplines such as neurology and ophthalmology.


Author: Gerhard Lüdtke
ISBN: 9783598236297
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Each volume includes "Wissenschaftliche zeitschriften."