Pharmacogenomics

Author: Yui-Wing Francis Lam
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128126272
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Pharmacogenomics: Challenges and Opportunities in Therapeutic Implementation, Second Edition, provides comprehensive coverage of the challenges and opportunities facing the therapeutic implications of pharmacogenomics from academic, regulatory, pharmaceutical, socio-ethical and economic perspectives. While emphasis is on the limitations in moving the science into drug development and direct therapeutic applications, this book also focuses on clinical areas with successful applications and important initiatives that have the ability to further advance the discipline. New chapters cover important topics such as pharmacogenomic data technologies, clinical testing strategies, cost-effectiveness, and pharmacogenomic education and practice guidelines. The importance of ethnicity is also discussed, which highlights phar,acogenomic diversity across Latin American populations. With chapters written by interdisciplinary experts and insights into the future direction of the field, this book is an indispensable resource for academic and industry scientists, graduate students and clinicians engaged in pharmacogenomics research and therapeutic implementation. Provides viewpoints that focus on the scientific and translational challenges and opportunities associated with advancing the field of pharmacogenomics Highlights progress in both the research and clinical areas of pharmacogenomics, as well as relevant implementation experience, challenges, and perspectives on direct-to-consumer genetic testing Includes, where applicable, discussion points, review questions, and cases for self-assessment purposes and to facilitate in-depth discussion

Omics in Clinical Practice

Author: Yu Liu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1771880600
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book serves as an introduction to genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics, putting these fields in relation to human disease and ailments. The various chapters consider the role of translation and personalized medicine, as well as pathogen detection, evolution, and infection, in relation to genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics. The topic of companion diagnostics is also covered. The book is broken into five sections. Part I examines the connection between omics and human disease. Part II looks at the applications for the fields of translational and personalized medicine. Part III focuses on molecular and genetic markers. Part IV describes the use of omics while studying pathogens, and Part V examines the applications for companion diagnostics. The book: • Introduces genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics in relation to human disease and ailments • Considers the role of translation and personalized medicine in relation to genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics • Covers molecular and genetic markers • Considers the role of genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics in relation to pathogen detection, evolution, and infection • Covers companion diagnostics in relation to genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics clinical applications and research

Handbuch Ethik und Recht der Forschung am Menschen

Author: Christian Lenk
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642350992
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Das vorliegende Handbuch liefert einen konzisen Überblick und eine verlässliche Orientierungshilfe bei ethischen und rechtlichen Entscheidungsprozessen in der Forschung am Menschen. Es dient dabei einerseits als eine Dokumentation des Status quo, andererseits aber auch als Diskussionsgrundlage für zukünftige Entwicklungen. An dem Handbuch haben Praktiker aus Forschung und medizinischer Behandlung, Ethiker und Philosophen, Medizinhistoriker, Rechtswissenschaftler, Pharmakologen, Strahlentherapeuten, Pädiater, Chirurgen und Psychiater mitgearbeitet, die für eine hohe Detailkenntnis und Praxisrelevanz der gesammelten Beiträge bürgen. Das Buch gibt Ethikkommissionsmitgliedern, Forschern und Antragstellern bei Ethikkommissionen einen Einblick in Kriterien und Entscheidungsmechanismen der Forschungsethik und macht Entscheidungen und Beurteilungen von Ethikkommissionen besser verständlich. Darüber hinaus liefert es einen Beitrag zu einer Harmonisierung der bestehenden Praxis.

Pharmacogenetics Opportunities and Challenges for Health Innovation

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264076808
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book reviews how the emergence of pharmacogenetics will impact the efficiency of pharmaceutical R&D and improve healthcare decision making and clinical care. It discusses what policies need to change in order for the public to reap the benefits from advances in diagnostic genetic testing.

Braunwald s Heart Disease E Book

Author: Robert O. Bonow
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1437727700
Format: PDF, ePub
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Braunwald’s Heart Disease remains your indispensable source for definitive, state-of-the-art answers on every aspect of contemporary cardiology. Edited by Drs. Robert O. Bonow, Douglas L. Mann, Douglas P. Zipes, and Peter Libby, this dynamic, multimedia reference helps you apply the most recent knowledge in molecular biology and genetics, imaging, pharmacology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, and much more. Weekly updates online, personally selected by Dr. Braunwald, continuously keep you current on the most important new developments affecting your practice. Enhanced premium online content includes new dynamic cardiac imaging videos, heart sound recordings, and podcasts. With sweeping updates throughout, and contributions from a "who’s who" of global cardiology, Braunwald’s is the cornerstone of effective practice. Continuously access the most important new developments affecting your practice with weekly updates personally selected by Dr. Braunwald, including focused reviews, "hot off the press" commentaries, and late-breaking clinical trials. Practice with confidence and overcome your toughest challenges with advice from the top minds in cardiology today, who synthesize the entire state of current knowledge and summarize all of the most recent ACC/AHA practice guidelines. Locate the answers you need fast thanks to a user-friendly, full-color design with more than 1,200 color illustrations. Search the complete contents online at www.expertconsult.com. Stay on top of the latest advances in molecular imaging, intravascular ultrasound, cardiovascular regeneration and tissue engineering, device therapy for advanced heart failure, atrial fibrillation management, structural heart disease, Chagasic heart disease, ethics in cardiovascular medicine, the design and conduct of clinical trials, and many other timely topics. Hone your clinical skills with new dynamic cardiac imaging videos, heart sound recordings, and podcasts at www.expertconsult.com.

Handbook of Personalized Medicine

Author: Ioannis S. Vizirianakis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814411205
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book compiles multidisciplinary efforts to conceptualize the environment in research and clinical setting that creates the fertile ground for the practical utility of personalized medicine decisions and also enables clinical pharmacogenomics for establishing pharmacotyping in drug prescription. Its covers innovative drug formulations and nanotheranostics, molecular imaging and signatures, translational nanomedicine and informatics, stem cell therapy approaches, modeling and predictability of drug response, pharmacogenetics-guided drug prescription, pediatric drug dosing, pharmacovigilance and regulatory aspects, ethical and cost-effectiveness issues, pharmacogenomics knowledge bases, personal genome sequencing, molecular diagnostics, as well as information-based medicine.

Pharmacogenomics in Latin America

Author: Luis A. Quinones
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781536110319
Format: PDF
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Worldwide, adverse drug reactions are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients, as well as increased healthcare costs. Published data show that there are around 2 million adverse drug reactions, including 100,000 deaths, which are established as the fourth leading cause of mortality. This culminates an estimated cost of 136 billion dollars to the global healthcare system. However, these values are underestimated, because in many parts of the world there are no reliable records of pharmacovigilance. This is the case in Latin America, where the records of adverse reactions are still insufficient, and therefore it is not possible to properly establish the extent of its effects on public health. At the same time, treatment failure due to sub-therapeutic levels of drugs is not evaluated in healthcare systems, especially in Latin America, where the "importation" of dosages and results from clinical trials form the fundamental basis of the application and acquisition of pharmaceutical products. This is due mainly to current protocols, which assume that patients are a single entity; therefore, drugs effective and well-tolerated in some patients are equally effective in the rest. Clinical experience shows that drugs that work well in some patients are ineffective or cause adverse reactions in others, and may even prove fatal to intolerant patients. The main objective of this book is to catalog the most relevant information concerning healthcare drug effects in Latin America. This could provide a huge benefit for Latin American patients, where it is estimated that there are plenty of side effects and treatment failure due to the "importation" of dosages and therapies regardless of population variability. It should encourage discussion and concern about the implementation and validation of pharmacogenomic testing and clinical guidelines for specific mixed populations of the region. It will also be valuable to demonstrate this research to health professionals (prescribers, insurers and regulators) in the region and the impact of pharmacogenomics on pharmacotherapy cost-effectiveness.

Toxicology Testing An Issue of Clinics in Laboratory Medicine E Book

Author: Michael G. Bissell
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455747874
Format: PDF
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This issue of Clinics in Laboratory Medicine, titled Toxicology Testing, includes the following topics; Progress in Clinical Toxicology Testing, The Prescription Drug Abuse Epidemic, Substance Abuse Among Healthcare Professionals, Pain Management Drug Testing, Ethanol Biomarkers, Newly-emerging Drugs of Abuse, Synthetic Cannabinoids, Synthetic Cathenones, Immunoassay Methodology in Drugs-of-abuse Testing, Toxicology Testing in Alternative Specimen Matrices, Principles and Procedures in Postmortem Toxicology, and Pharmacogenetics and the Future of Toxicology Testing. Advances in toxicology testing are paving the way for major improvements in the way scientists evaluate health risks posed by toxic chemicals. Toxicity tests help scientists better understand how the human body carries out normal functions that are key to maintaining health. Therefore, this topic is important to the field of Laboratory Medicine.

Clinical Genetics in Nursing Practice

Author: Felissa R. Lashley, PhD, RN, FABMGG
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826123671
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Designated a Doody's Core Title! The third edition of this award-winning text provides new and updated knowledge about genetics issues relevant to nursing practice. Read in sequence or used as a reference, this is a comprehensive overview of how genetics affetcs the care that nurses provide. In addition to a summary of basic human genetics and discussion of the Human Genome Project, this new edition includes the latest research findings and implications about inheritance, major genetic disorders (cytogenetics or chromosomal, inherited biochemical, and congenital anomalies), and genetics in twin studies. A consideration of the ethical impact of genetics on society and future generations, as well as information on assisted reproduction round out the overview. Includes over 100 illustrations and photos of specific genetic disorders; tables and figures on the distribution of disease; and an extensive appendix listing associations, organizations, and websites relevant to genetics.

The OMICs

Author: Giovanni Coppola
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199355002
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The OMICs: Applications in Neuroscience summarizes the state of the art in high-throughput approaches (collectively known as 'OMICs') in neurology and neuroscience, and is of interest to both neurologists tracking the progress of these methods towards clinical applications, and neuroscientists curious about the most recent advances in this ever-changing field. The explosion of high-throughput assays has introduced large datasets, computational servers, and bioinformatics approaches to neuroscience, and medicine in general. The book includes a rich survey of the most relevant OMICs applications and how they relate to neurology and neuroscience. The reader is given an overview of the method, a perspective on the current and future applications, and published examples illustrating practical uses.