Selbst und soziale Kognition

Author: Hans-Werner Bierhoff
Publisher: Hogrefe Verlag
ISBN: 3844405631
Format: PDF, Docs
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Die Sozialpsychologie bietet mit ihren einflussreichen Theorien und produktiver Forschung einen vielfältigen Anwendungsnutzen. Dieser Band gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über die Psychologie des Selbst, die soziale Urteilsbildung und soziale Wahrnehmung. Ausgewiesene Expertinnen und Experten bringen die theoretischen Grundlagen und aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse in verständlicher Form auf den Punkt.Die einzelnen Kapitel decken zum einen die Hauptgebiete der Psychologie des Selbst ab, wie Selbstregulation, Selbstwirksamkeit, Selbstdarstellung, Selbstwert und Narzissmus. Zum anderen werden die wichtigsten Themen der sozialen Wahrnehmung behandelt, wie Priming, Urteilsheuristiken, Eindrucksbildung, Personwahrnehmung, soziale Schemata und Achtsamkeit und Optimismus. Zusätzlich werden Methoden der Sozialpsychologie unter Berücksichtigung ihrer historischen Entwicklung dargestellt. Das Ergebnis ist eine weitgreifende und in die Tiefe gehende Darstellung der einzelnen Themen. Der Band stellt somit eine unverzichtbare Quelle für Studierende, Lehrende und Forschende im Bereich der Sozialpsychologie und benachbarter Disziplinen dar. Der erste Band der Enzyklopädieserie "Sozialpsychologie" befasst sich mit den Themen "Selbst" und "soziale Kognition".

Theory of Inquiry Learning Arrangements

Author: Johannes Reitinger
Publisher: kassel university press GmbH
ISBN: 3737601445
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Human beings come equipped with a tendency to generally not want to leave thinking to others. With the endeavor to professionally, reflectively, and gracefully support each individual on the basis of this tendency, the paradigm of a curious, self-determined, and inquiring human is developed in this volume, which might point the way towards a promising future. In view of such a perspective, the authors regard the pedagogical construct of self-determined Inquiry Learning as just such a promising concept. The Theory of Inquiry Learning Arrangements (TILA) concretizes this approach according to the principles of critical multiplism. The effectivity of TILA is scrutinized via the personalized concepts AuRELIA (Authentic Reflective Exploratory Learning and Interaction Arrangements) and CrEEd (Criteria-based Explorations in Education). These concepts are presented in detail, empirically investigated, and underpinned with practical examples. In the current edited volume, the concept of self-determined Inquiry Learning is further empirically substantiated and presented to the international community.

Hermeneutics and the Humanities

Author: Madeleine Kasten
Publisher: LUP Academic
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Hans-Georg Gadamer's "Wahrheit und Methode" (1960) is one of the most influential books on interpretation to have appeared in the past half century. Scholars across the humanties have applied, discussed, and criticized its hermeneutical insights. This volume aims to continue this conversation between hermeneutics and the humanities, but also tries to map Gadamer's influence on the humanties so far. In which domains of study has "Wahrheit und Methode" made its greatest impact? Where and for which reasons have other disciplines hardly engaged with Gadamer's work? In a more pragmatic sense, the volume also suggests possibilities for further interaction between Gadamer and the humanities.

Knowledge and Action

Author: Dieter Frey
Publisher: Hogrefe Publishing
ISBN: 1616762993
Format: PDF, Docs
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Understanding the relationship between knowledge and action is vital, because without knowledge there is often no action and because knowledge can strongly influence actions. However, there is often considerable inconsistency between knowledge and action, and the research available on this relationship is not widely known. This intriguing volume provides help, by summarizing the findings of the research group “Knowledge and Action,” which was funded by the German Science Foundation and includes leading scholars from relevant areas such as social psychology, cognitive psychology, work and organizational psychology, educational psychology and developmental psychology.The chapters included in this book therefore examine the action-relevant function of knowledge in different areas, as well as investigating the effects that the acquisition of knowledge has on action in certain fields.

Advanced Techniques in Diagnostic Microbiology

Author: Yi-Wei Tang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461439701
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In the United States, hospitals annually report over 5 million cases of infectious-disease-related illnesses: clinical microbiology laboratories in these hospitals are engaged in detecting and identifying the pathogenic microorganisms in clinical specimens collected from these patients with suspected infections. Clearly, the timely and accurate detection/identification of these microbial pathogens is critical for patient treatment decisions and outcomes for millions of patients each year. Despite an appreciation that the outcome of an infectious-disease-related illness is directly related to the time required to detect and identify a microbial pathogen, clinical microbiology laboratories in the United States as well as worldwide have long been hampered by traditional culture-based assays, which may require prolonged incubation time for slowly growing microorganisms such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Moreover, traditional culture-based assays often require multiple steps with additional time needed for discernment of species and/or detection of antimicrobial resistance. Finally, these traditional, slow multistep culture-based assays are labor-intensive and required skilled clinical microbiologists at the bench. Over the past several decades, advanced molecular techniques in diagnostic microbiology quietly have been revolutionizing the practice of clinical microbiology in the hospital setting. Indeed, molecular diagnostic testing in general and nucleic-acid-based amplification methods in particular have been heralded as diagnostic tools for the new millennium. There is no question that the development of rapid molecular techniques for nucleic acid amplification/characterization combined with automation and user-friendly software has greatly broadened the diagnostic capabilities of the clinical microbiology laboratory. These technical advances in molecular microbiology over the first decade of the 21st Century have profoundly influenced the physical structure of clinical microbiology laboratories as well as their staffing patterns, workflow, and turnaround time. These molecular microbiology advances have also resulted in the need for a revised and updated second edition of Advanced Techniques in Diagnostic Microbiology. This second edition again provides an updated and comprehensive description of the ongoing evolution of molecular methods for the diagnosis of infectious diseases. In addition, many new chapters have been added, including a chapter on the clinical interpretation and relevance of advanced technique results. The second edition, like the first edition, includes both a “techniques” section describing the latest molecular techniques and an “applications” section describing how these advanced molecular techniques are being used in the clinical setting. Finally, the second edition, like the first edition, utilizes a diverse team of authors who have compiled chapters that provide the reader with comprehensive and useable information on advanced molecular microbiology techniques.

Thinking and Killing

Author: Alon Segev
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 1614511012
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book explores the phenomenon of the Third Reich from a philosophical perspective. It concentrates on how Nazi Germany, the Holocaust and Anti-Semitism are conceived by eight German thinkers from the Continental tradition, exposing and then exploring the tension between ideology and philosophy, between submission to authority and genuine critical thinking, which constitute the essence of the Continental philosophical tradition.

Prospects and Future Tasks of Universities

Author: Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643909373
Format: PDF, Docs
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Universities are undergoing an extraordinary transformation. Digital technologies have altered research and teaching, while modern communication media and social media promote an interactive exchange of information with society that has accelerated international knowledge transfer. At the same time, new educational careers are available in growing higher education fields. How can universities meet these and other challenges? Reputable experts come together in this book to design scenarios for universities in the 21st century. (Series: Research and Science / Forschung und Wissenschaft, Vol. 2) [Subject: Research Studies, Higher Education]

Winning the Story Wars

Author: Jonah Sachs
Publisher: Harvard Business Press
ISBN: 1422143570
Format: PDF, Docs
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Trying to get your message heard? Build an iconic brand? Welcome to the battlefield. The story wars are all around us. They are the struggle to be heard in a world of media noise and clamor. Today, most brand messages and mass appeals for causes are drowned out before they even reach us. But a few consistently break through the din, using the only tool that has ever moved minds and changed behavior—great stories. With insights from mythology, advertising history, evolutionary biology, and psychology, viral storyteller and advertising expert Jonah Sachs takes readers into a fascinating world of seemingly insurmountable challenges and enormous opportunity. You’ll discover how: • Social media tools are driving a return to the oral tradition, in which stories that matter rise above the fray • Marketers have become today’s mythmakers, providing society with explanation, meaning, and ritual • Memorable stories based on timeless themes build legions of eager evangelists • Marketers and audiences can work together to create deeper meaning and stronger partnerships in building a better world • Brands like Old Spice, The Story of Stuff, Nike, the Tea Party, and Occupy Wall Street created and sustained massive viral buzz Winning the Story Wars is a call to arms for business communicators to cast aside broken traditions and join a revolution to build the iconic brands of the future. It puts marketers in the role of heroes with a chance to transform not just their craft but the enterprises they represent. After all, success in the story wars doesn’t come just from telling great stories, but from learning to live them.

Neurodynamics An Exploration in Mesoscopic Brain Dynamics

Author: Walter Freeman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447103718
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Cortical evoked potentials are of interest primarily as tests of changing neuronal excitabilities accompanying normal brain function. The first three steps in the anal ysis of these complex waveforms are proper placement of electrodes for recording, the proper choice of electrical or sensory stimulus parameters, and the establish ment of behavioral control. The fourth is development of techniques for reliable measurement. Measurement consists of comparison of an unknown entity with a set of standard scales or dimensions having numerical attributes in preassigned degree. A physical object can be described by the dimensions of size, mass, density, etc. In addition there are dimensions such as location, velocity, weight, hardness, etc. Some of these dimensions can be complex (e. g. size depends on three or more subsidiary coordi nates), and some can be interdependent or nonorthogonal (e. g. specification of size and mass may determine density). In each dimension the unit is defined with refer ence to a standard physical entity, e. g. a unit of mass or length, and the result of measurement is expressed as an equivalence between the unknown and the sum of a specified number of units of that entity. The dimensions of a complex waveform are elementary waveforms from which that waveform can be built by simple addition. Any finite single-valued function of time is admissible. They are called basis functions (lO, 15), and they can be expressed in numeric as well as geometric form.

The Soul of China

Author: Richard Wilhelm
Publisher: Lethe Press
ISBN: 1590210565
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Soul of China offers readers a tour of Chinese tradition and character lost to the modern era. Richard Wilhelm arrived in China before the Boxer Rebellion and stayed for a quarter of a century. He became intimate with retired princes and Taoist priests; he steeped himself in Chinese philosophy and occultism; he emerged with a profound respect for the Chinese culture. With chapters on the Revolution, Chinese country life, royalty and soundrels, and occultism and religious movements, this book is one man's fascinating travelogue and exploration of an important age in Chinese history. Richard Wilhelm (1873-1930) was a German scholar who translated many philosophical and spiritual works from Chinese into German that in turn have been translated into other major languages of the world, including English. His translation of the I Ching is regarded as one of the finest.