Philosophieren mit Kindern in der Grundschule

Author: Christiane Kleinau
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640814061
Format: PDF, Docs
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Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Sachunterricht, Heimatkunde (Grundschulpadagogik), Note: 1,7, Freie Universitat Berlin, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Mit dem Begriff Philosophie werden schnell Namen grosser Philosophen wie Aristoteles, Descartes oder Kant assoziiert. An deren Schriften und Theorien trauen sich nicht einmal alle Erwachsenen heran. Wie sollen dann also Kinder philosophieren konnen und sich mit den grossen Problemen der Welt beschaftigen? Stellt das ihrerseits nicht eine Uberforderung dar? Auch in der Vergangenheit herrschte daruber Uneinigkeit, ob mit Kindern philosophiert werden kann. Philosophen der Antike wie Sokrates, Platon oder Aristoteles sprechen den Kindern die Fahigkeit des Philosophierens ab und auch im 18. und Anfang des 19. Jahrhunderts stellt dies weiterhin ein strittiges Thema dar. Wahrend es einerseits Philosophen gibt, die den Kindern durchaus diese Fahigkeit zusprechen wie z.B. Immanuel Kant, wird dies von anderen Philosophen wie z.B. Arthur Schopenhauer ausgeschlossen bzw. fur nicht sinnvoll gehalten. Mittlerweile hat sich diese Ansicht geandert und das Philosophieren mit Kindern ist popular geworden. Deswegen beschaftigt sich die vorliegende Arbeit mit der Frage, was das Philosophieren mit Kindern ausmacht und wie es in der Grundschule umgesetzt werden kann. Dazu werden zunachst verschiedene Ansatze vorgestellt, um zu verdeutlichen, dass nicht von einem einheitlichen Konzept des Philosophierens mit Kindern gesprochen werden kann. Anschliessend wird dem Philosophieren mit Kindern aus entwicklungspsychologischer Sicht seine Berechtigung zugesprochen. Wie das Philosophieren in der Grundschule aussehen kann, steht als nachstes im Mittelpunkt der Betrachtung. Dabei wird insbesondere auf den Diskurs eingegangen, ob Philosophieren ein eigenstandiges Fach oder ein Unterrichtsprinzip sein sollte. Es wird sich zeigen, dass das Philosophieren als Unterrichtsprinzip zu bevorzugen ist und insbesondere der Sachunterricht viele Ankn

The Gift of Nothing

Author: Patrick McDonnell
Publisher: Little, Brown Books for Young Readers
ISBN: 0316186848
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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What can Mooch the cat give Earl the dog when Earl has everything? The answer, of course, is nothing. This simple picture book story features characters from McDonnell's popular comic strip, "Mutts." Illustrations.

Animal Minds Animal Ethics

Author: Klaus Petrus
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839424623
Format: PDF
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Animal minds and animal ethics - different origins, connecting similarities. Philosophers working on questions of animal ethics usually draw on research into animal cognition and subscribe to strong positions regarding animal minds. Whereas philosophers interested in the question of animal minds sometimes draw ethical conclusions from the positions they argue for. In spite of such overlaps, these two areas of research have grown up separately. One reason for this separation stems from the institutional distinction between theoretical and practical philosophy. The principal aim of this anthology is to build bridges between the fields and different philosophical approaches of animal ethics and of animal minds and cognition.

Cities in a World Economy

Author: Saskia Sassen
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506362605
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Cities in a World Economy, Fifth Edition examines the emergence of global cities as a new social formation. As sites of rapid and widespread developments in the areas of finance, information and people, global cities lie at the core of the major processes of globalization. The book reflects the most current data available and explores recent debates such as the role of cities in mitigating environmental problems, the global refugee crisis, Brexit, and the rise of Donald Trump in the United States

Educating for Intelligent Belief or Unbelief

Author: Nel Noddings
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 0807775983
Format: PDF, ePub
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One of the most enduring and controversial issues in American education concerns the place of individual beliefs and moral standards in the classroom. Noddings argues that public schools should address the fundamental questions that teenagers inevitably rasie about the nature, value and meaning of life (and death), and to do so across the curriculum without limiting such existential and metaphysical discussions to separate religion, philosophy or even history classes. Explorations of the existence of a God or gods, and the value and validity of religious belief for societies or individuals, she writes “whether they are initiated by students or teachers, should be part of the free exchange of human concerns—a way in which people share their awe, doubts, fears, hopes, knowledge and ignorance.” Such basic human concerns, Noddings maintains, are relevant to nearly every subject and should be both non-coercive and free from academic evalution. “Nel Noddings probes the many ways in which children’s questions about God and gods, existence, and the meaning of life can and should be integrated into life in classrooms and the real world of the public schools.” —From the Foreword “This is a rich and sensitive book that will give teachers, administrators, parents, philosophers of education—any concerned citizen—the basis for more substantial discussion and concrete proposals.” —Free Inquiry “Impressive in its sweep of possibilities for exploration in the school curriculum and teacher education.” —Educational Theory


Author: Janne Teller
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 144244116X
Format: PDF
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When thirteen-year-old Pierre Anthon leaves school to sit in a plum tree and train for becoming part of nothing, his seventh grade classmates set out on a desperate quest for the meaning of life.

Confessions of Saint Augustine

Author: Frank J. Sheed
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0567110052
Format: PDF, ePub
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Sheed's classic translation of Augustine's Confessions. True to the original, and in a subtle and dignified English translation, let this be a cornerstone of your library.

Motivation and Action

Author: Heinz Heckhausen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642759610
Format: PDF, ePub
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The translation of this volume has been a long and sometime arduous journey giving nearly literal meaning to the Latin term translatus, meaning to carry across. In fact, it required many journeys both geographically, between Canada and Germany, and fig uratively, between German and English language, thought, and culture; between the mind of a German professor and that of his American colleague. Whether or not it was all worthwhile must be left to the reader's judgment, but let me outline the rationale for embarking on this venture. When the first German edition of this book appeared in 1980 it was acclaimed not only by German scholars but by those outside the German-speaking community as well. In fact, it received extremely favorable reviews, even in English-language journals, which is unusual for a foreign text. It was recognized that this was far more than just another text book on motivation. For one thing, it exposed and examined the multi faceted roots that have contributed to contemporary theory and research in motivation. The author skillfully examined the motivational concepts, theories, and research that have emanated from many areas of psychology such as learning theory, social psychol ogy, personality, psychoanalysis, and clinical psychology.

Into the Wild

Author: Jon Krakauer
Publisher: Anchor
ISBN: 9780307476869
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In April 1992 a young man from a well-to-do family hitchhiked to Alaska and walked alone into the wilderness north of Mt. McKinley. His name was Christopher Johnson McCandless. He had given $25,000 in savings to charity, abandoned his car and most of his possessions, burned all the cash in his wallet, and invented a new life for himself. Four months later, his decomposed body was found by a moose hunter. How McCandless came to die is the unforgettable story of Into the Wild. Immediately after graduating from college in 1991, McCandless had roamed through the West and Southwest on a vision quest like those made by his heroes Jack London and John Muir. In the Mojave Desert he abandoned his car, stripped it of its license plates, and burned all of his cash. He would give himself a new name, Alexander Supertramp, and , unencumbered by money and belongings, he would be free to wallow in the raw, unfiltered experiences that nature presented. Craving a blank spot on the map, McCandless simply threw the maps away. Leaving behind his desperate parents and sister, he vanished into the wild. Jon Krakauer constructs a clarifying prism through which he reassembles the disquieting facts of McCandless's short life. Admitting an interst that borders on obsession, he searches for the clues to the dries and desires that propelled McCandless. Digging deeply, he takes an inherently compelling mystery and unravels the larger riddles it holds: the profound pull of the American wilderness on our imagination; the allure of high-risk activities to young men of a certain cast of mind; the complex, charged bond between fathers and sons. When McCandless's innocent mistakes turn out to be irreversible and fatal, he becomes the stuff of tabloid headlines and is dismissed for his naiveté, pretensions, and hubris. He is said to have had a death wish but wanting to die is a very different thing from being compelled to look over the edge. Krakauer brings McCandless's uncompromising pilgrimage out of the shadows, and the peril, adversity , and renunciation sought by this enigmatic young man are illuminated with a rare understanding--and not an ounce of sentimentality. Mesmerizing, heartbreaking, Into the Wild is a tour de force. The power and luminosity of Jon Krakauer's stoytelling blaze through every page. From the Trade Paperback edition.