Why Scottish Philosophy Matters

Author: Alexander Broadie
Publisher: The Saltire Society
ISBN: 9780854110759
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In this text, Broadie shows how the insights of early Scottish philosophy, for example by Scotus and Mair, led to important perceptions in modern thinking and to the recognition of an unmistakably Scottish strand in European thought.

Questioning Matters

Author: Daniel Kolak
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
ISBN: 9780767404471
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Questioning Matters is an accessible, provocative collection of readings organized around central topics that are solidly grounded in classical, foundational issues, but relevant to today’s world. Kolak’s compilation emphasizes philosophical reasoning processes and methods more than any other anthology. The focus is on learning to ask the right questions and to analyze and formulate arguments; an underlying theme is that philosophy is not merely a collection of views and theories, but an activity as relevant to the timeless issues of existence as the practical concerns of today.

The Deepest Human Life

Author: Scott Samuelson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022613041X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Winner of the 2015 Hiett Prize in the Humanities. Sometimes it seems like you need a PhD just to open a book of philosophy. We leave philosophical matters to the philosophers in the same way that we leave science to scientists. Scott Samuelson thinks this is tragic, for our lives as well as for philosophy. In The Deepest Human Life he takes philosophy back from the specialists and restores it to its proper place at the center of our humanity, rediscovering it as our most profound effort toward understanding, as a way of life that anyone can live. Exploring the works of some of history’s most important thinkers in the context of the everyday struggles of his students, he guides us through the most vexing quandaries of our existence—and shows just how enriching the examined life can be. Samuelson begins at the beginning: with Socrates, working his most famous assertion—that wisdom is knowing that one knows nothing—into a method, a way of approaching our greatest mysteries. From there he springboards into a rich history of philosophy and the ways its journey is encoded in our own quests for meaning. He ruminates on Epicurus against the sonic backdrop of crickets and restaurant goers in Iowa City. He follows the Stoics into the cell where James Stockdale spent seven years as a prisoner of war. He spins with al-Ghazali first in doubt, then in the ecstasy of the divine. And he gets the philosophy education of his life when one of his students, who authorized a risky surgery for her son that inadvertently led to his death, asks with tears in her eyes if Kant was right, if it really is the motive that matters and not the consequences. Through heartbreaking stories, humanizing biographies, accessible theory, and evocative interludes like “On Wine and Bicycles” or “On Zombies and Superheroes ,” he invests philosophy with the personal and vice versa. The result is a book that is at once a primer and a reassurance—that the most important questions endure, coming to life in each of us.

Footnotes to Plato

Author: Kevin K. Durand
Publisher: University Press of Amer
ISBN: 9780761846819
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book is a guide for beginning students of philosophy as they begin to systematically reflect upon philosophical matters. The author uses primary texts, commentaries, and guided readings to encourage students to enter into conversation with contemporary scholarship, great thinkers, and with peers to gain a deeper understanding of philosophy.

Gray Matters Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind

Author: Sanford Goldberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317469402
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Gray Matters is a thorough examination of the main topics in recent philosophy of mind. It aims at surveying a broad range of issues, not all of which can be subsumed under one position or one philosopher's theory. In this way, the authors avoid neglecting interesting issues out of allegiance to a given theory of mind.

Why Philosophy Matters for the Study of Religion and Vice Versa

Author: Thomas A. Lewis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191062154
Format: PDF, Docs
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Work in philosophy of religion is still strongly marked by an excessive focus on Christianity and, to a lesser extent, Judaism — almost to the exclusion of other religious traditions. Moreover, in many cases it has been confined to a narrow set of intellectual problems, without embedding these in their larger social, historical, and practical contexts. Why Philosophy Matters for the Study of Religion—and Vice Versa addresses this situation through a series of interventions intended to work against the gap that exists between much scholarship in philosophy of religion and important recent developments that speak to religious studies as a whole. This volume takes up what, in recent years, has often been seen as a fundamental reason for excluding religious ethics and philosophy of religion from religious studies: their explicit normativity. Against this presupposition, Thomas A. Lewis argues that normativity is pervasive—not unique to ethics and philosophy of religion—and therefore not a reason to exclude them from religious studies. Lewis bridges more philosophical and historical subfields by arguing for the importance of history to the philosophy of religion. He considers the future of religious ethics, explaining that the field as whole should learn from the methodological developments associated with recent work in comparative religious ethics and 'comparative religious ethics' should no longer be conceived as a distinct subfield. The concluding chapter engages broader, post-9/11 arguments about the importance of studying religion arguing, that prominent contemporary notions of 'religious literacy' actually hinder our ability to grasp religion's significance and impact in the world today.

Why Philosophy Matters

Author: Raymond Angelo Belliotti
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443883581
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book demonstrates that philosophy matters to everyday living and that people who ignore the enduring, fundamental questions of life thereby unwittingly relinquish part of their humanity. The question – “How should I live my life?” – along with cosmological inquiries about the nature of the world, animated Western philosophy during its earliest recorded years. Given that belief in the Greek and Roman gods failed to provide substantive guidelines for everyday living, philosophy arose in large measure as practical instruction in the art of living the good human life. Throughout history, philosophers have provided vastly different answers to the question of what constitutes such a life. By analyzing carefully their disparate definitions, recipes, and accounts of the good human life we can understand better who we are and who we might be. This work examines the answers provided by over thirty philosophers to aspects of building character, forging personal relations, promoting sound political strategies, living meaningfully, and dying gracefully. In so doing, over twenty lessons for living a worthy life emerge.

Morality Matters

Author: Roger Trigg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470779934
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Morality still matters, argues philosopher Roger Trigg, in this accessible introduction to moral thinking. Written for general readers with no background in philosophy. Argues that we need a shared moral vision in order to live together, both nationally and internationally. Considers the need for a shared morality in relation to subjects of vital importance such as human rights. Stresses that private behaviour cannot be kept separate from public choices. Discusses matters of topical debate on both sides of the Atlantic.

Philosophy on the Border

Author: Robin May Schott
Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press
ISBN: 9788763505031
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This anthology is inspired by the conviction that the big questions of human existence, including matters of love and hate, responsibility and war, matter to us both as individuals and as citizens of a global order. Hence, these questions ought to matter to philosophers as well. In exploring these questions, the authors follow the ethical turn in philosophy, which transgresses the boundaries between philosophical thought and empirical existence, as well as between philosophy and other disciplines. The central themes of the anthology focus on the relation between self and other, between ambiguity and ambivalence, and between the problem of evil and responses to it. The authors discuss these themes in relation to concrete issues in the present, including colonialism, immigration and national policies towards refugees, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, genocide, and mass rape. The contributors to this anthology, who come from a variety of national backgrounds, work in the fields of philosophy, psychology, and Holocaust studies.

Philosophy of Social Science

Author: Alexander Rosenberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429974477
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Philosophy of Social Science provides a tightly argued yet accessible introduction to the philosophical foundations of the human sciences, including economics, anthropology, sociology, political science, psychology, history, and the disciplines emerging at the intersections of these subjects with biology. Philosophy is unavoidable for social scientists because the choices they make in answering questions in their disciplines force them to take sides on philosophical matters. Conversely, the philosophy of social science is equally necessary for philosophers since the social and behavior sciences must inform their understanding of human action, norms, and social institutions. The fifth edition retains from previous editions an illuminating interpretation of the enduring relations between the social sciences and philosophy, and reflects on developments in social research over the past two decades that have informed and renewed debate in the philosophy of social science. An expanded discussion of philosophical anthropology and modern and postmodern critical theory is new for this edition.