Philosophy of Language

Author: Colin McGinn
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026202845X
Format: PDF, Docs
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An introduction to philosophy of language through systematic and accessible explanations of ten classic texts by such thinkers as Frege, Kripke, Russell, and Putnam.

Elements of Formal Semantics

Author: Yoad Winter
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748677771
Format: PDF, Docs
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Introducing some of the foundational concepts, principles and techniques in the formal semantics of natural language, Elements of Formal Semantics outlines the mathematical principles that underlie linguistic meaning. Making use of a wide range of concrete English examples, the book presents the most useful tools and concepts of formal semantics in an accessible style and includes a variety of practical exercises so that readers can learn to utilise these tools effectively. For readers with an elementary background in set theory and linguistics or with an interest in mathematical modelling, this fascinating study is an ideal introduction to natural language semantics. Designed as a quick yet thorough introduction to one of the most vibrant areas of research in modern linguistics today this volume reveals the beauty and elegance of the mathematical study of meaning.

Moral and Intellectual Virtues in Western and Chinese Philosophy

Author: Chienkuo Mi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317407660
Format: PDF, Docs
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This is the first book to bring together Western and Chinese perspectives on both moral and intellectual virtues. Editors Chienkuo Mi, Michael Slote, and Ernest Sosa have assembled some of the world’s leading epistemologists and ethicists—located in the U.S., Europe, and Asia—to explore in a global context what they are calling, "the virtue turn." The 15 chapters have never been published previously and by covering topics that bridge epistemology and moral philosophy suggest a widespread philosophical turn away from Kantian and Utilitarian issues and towards character- and agent-based concerns. A goal of this volume is to show students and researchers alike that the (re-)turn toward virtue underway in the Western tradition is being followed by a similar (re-)turn toward virtue in Chinese philosophy.

Prehension

Author: Colin McGinn
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262029324
Format: PDF, ePub
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In praise of the hand: A philosopher considers the crucial role of the hand in human evolution, particularly with respect to language.

Philosophical Provocations

Author: Colin McGinn
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262036193
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Pithy, direct, and bold: essays that propose new ways to think about old problems, spanning a range of philosophical topics.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language

Author: Michael Morris
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139459805
Format: PDF
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In this textbook, Michael Morris offers a critical introduction to the central issues of the philosophy of language. Each chapter focusses on one or two texts which have had a seminal influence on work in the subject, and uses these as a way of approaching both the central topics and the various traditions of dealing with them. Texts include classic writings by Frege, Russell, Kripke, Quine, Davidson, Austin, Grice and Wittgenstein. Theoretical jargon is kept to a minimum and is fully explained whenever it is introduced. The range of topics covered includes sense and reference, definite descriptions, proper names, natural-kind terms, de re and de dicto necessity, propositional attitudes, truth-theoretical approaches to meaning, radical interpretation, indeterminacy of translation, speech acts, intentional theories of meaning, and scepticism about meaning. The book will be invaluable to students and to all readers who are interested in the nature of linguistic meaning.

Ten Neglected Classics of Philosophy

Author: Eric Schliesser
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190631961
Format: PDF, ePub
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What makes for a philosophical classic? Why do some philosophical works persist over time, while others do not? The philosophical canon and diversity are topics of major debate today. This stimulating volume contains ten new essays by accomplished philosophers writing passionately about works in the history of philosophy that they feel were unjustly neglected or ignored-and why they deserve greater attention. The essays cover lesser known works by famous thinkers as well as works that were once famous but now only faintly remembered. Works examined include Gorgias' Encomium of Helen, Jane Adams' Women and Public Housekeeping, W.E.B. DuBois' Whither Now and Why, Edith Stein's On the Problem of Empathy, Jonathan Bennett's Rationality, and more. While each chapter is an expression of engagement with an individual work, the volume as a whole, and Eric Schliesser's introduction specifically, address timely questions about the nature of philosophy, disciplinary contours, and the vagaries of canon formation.

Inborn Knowledge

Author: Colin McGinn
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262334496
Format: PDF
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In this book, Colin McGinn presents a concise, clear, and compelling argument that the origins of knowledge are innate -- that nativism, not empiricism, is correct in its theory of how concepts are acquired. McGinn considers the particular case of sensible qualities -- ideas of color, shape, taste, and so on. He argues that these, which he once regarded as the strongest case for the empiricist position, are in fact not well explained by the empiricist account that they derive from interactions with external objects. Rather, he contends, ideas of sensible qualities offer the strongest case for the nativist position -- that a large range of our knowledge is inborn, not acquired through the senses. Yet, McGinn cautions, how this can be is deeply problematic; we have no good theories about how innate knowledge is possible. Innate knowledge is a mystery, though a fact.McGinn describes the traditional debate between empiricism and nativism; offers an array of arguments against empiricism; constructs an argument in favor of nativism; and considers the philosophical consequences of adopting the nativist position, discussing perception, the mind--body problem, the unconscious, metaphysics, and epistemology.

Problems from Philosophy

Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1478415851
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Problems from Philosophy. In this book, you will learn topics such as THE PROBLEM OF EVIL, DO WE SURVIVE DEATH?, plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.