DN to lambda

Author: James R. Janesick
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 9780819467225
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Photon Transfer is designed for a wide audience--from the novice to the advanced user already familiar with the method. For first-time users, the book's primary purpose is to give sufficient guidelines to accurately generate, calibrate, and understand imaging data products through the photon transfer method. The book contains more than 230 figures that present experimental CCD and CMOS data products and modeling simulations connected to photon transfer. Contents also provide hundreds of relations that support photon transfer theory, simulations, and data.

Scientific Charge coupled Devices

Author: James R. Janesick
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 9780819436986
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The invention of the charge-coupled device 30 years ago was the beginning of a remarkable image capture technology that has changed the course of imaging in fields ranging from astronomy to biotechnology. This book presents a comprehensive history, tutorial, and state-of-the-art description of CCDs and is intended for scientists, engineers, imaging hardware managers, and graduate students.

Modulation Transfer Function in Optical and Electro optical Systems

Author: Glenn D. Boreman
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 9780819441430
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This tutorial introduces the theory and applications of MTF, used to specify the image quality achieved by an imaging system. It covers basic linear systems theory and the relationship between impulse response, resolution, MTF, OTF, PTF, and CTF. Practical measurement and testing issues are discussed.

Modeling the Imaging Chain of Digital Cameras

Author: Robert D. Fiete
Publisher: SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
ISBN: 9780819483393
Format: PDF
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The process by which an image is formed, processed, and displayed can be conceptualized as a chain of physical events called the imaging chain. By mathematically modeling the imaging chain, we can gain insight into the relationship between the camera design parameters and the resulting image quality. The mathematical models can also be used to optimize and assess the design of a camera for specific applications before expenditures are committed to building hardware. Modeling the Imaging Chain of Digital Cameras teaches the key elements of the end-to-end imaging chain for digital camera systems and describes how elements of the imaging chain are mathematically modeled using the basics of linear systems mathematics and Fourier transforms. The emphasis is on general digital cameras designed to image incoherent light in the visible imaging spectrum. The reader will learn how digital camera design parameters are related to the elements of the imaging chain and how they influence the resulting image quality. The book also discusses the use of imaging chain models to simulate images from different digital camera designs for image quality evaluations.

Image Sensors and Signal Processing for Digital Still Cameras

Author: Junichi Nakamura
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351836978
Format: PDF, ePub
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Shrinking pixel sizes along with improvements in image sensors, optics, and electronics have elevated DSCs to levels of performance that match, and have the potential to surpass, that of silver-halide film cameras. Image Sensors and Signal Processing for Digital Still Cameras captures the current state of DSC image acquisition and signal processing technology and takes an all-inclusive look at the field, from the history of DSCs to future possibilities. The first chapter outlines the evolution of DSCs, their basic structure, and their major application classes. The next few chapters discuss high-quality optics that meet the requirements of better image sensors, the basic functions and performance parameters of image sensors, and detailed discussions of both CCD and CMOS image sensors. The book then discusses how color theory affects the uses of DSCs, presents basic image processing and camera control algorithms and examples of advanced image processing algorithms, explores the architecture and required performance of signal processing engines, and explains how to evaluate image quality for each component described. The book closes with a look at future technologies and the challenges that must be overcome to realize them. With contributions from many active DSC experts, Image Sensors and Image Processing for Digital Still Cameras offers unparalleled real-world coverage and opens wide the door for future innovation.

CMOS CCD Sensors and Camera Systems

Author: Gerald C. Holst
Publisher: Society of Photo Optical
ISBN: 9780819486530
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The fully updated edition of this bestseller addresses CMOS/CCD differences, similarities, and applications, including architecture concepts and operation, such as full-frame, interline transfer, progressive scan, color filter arrays, rolling shutters, 3T, 4T, 5T, and 6T. The authors discuss novel designs, illustrate sampling theory and aliasing with numerous examples, and describe the advantages and limitations of small pixels. This monograph provides the very latest information for specifying cameras using radiometric or photometric concepts to consider the entire system--from scene to observer. Numerous new references have also been added.

Optical Communications Rules of Thumb

Author: John Lester Miller
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071500901
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This engineering tool provides over 200 time and cost saving rules of thumb--short cuts, tricks, and methods that optical communications veterans have developed through long years of trial and error. * DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing) and SONET (Synchronous Optical NETwork) rules * Information Transmission, fiber optics, and systems rules

Pixel Detectors

Author: Leonardo Rossi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540283324
Format: PDF, Docs
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Pixel detectors are a particularly important class of particle and radiation detection devices. They have an extremely broad spectrum of applications, ranging from high-energy physics to the photo cameras of everyday life. This book is a general purpose introduction into the fundamental principles of pixel detector technology and semiconductor-based hybrid pixel devices. Although these devices were developed for high-energy ionizing particles and radiation beyond visible light, they are finding new applications in many other areas. This book will therefore benefit all scientists and engineers working in any laboratory involved in developing or using particle detection.

Therapeutic Modalities for Musculoskeletal Injuries 4E

Author: Denegar, Craig R.
Publisher: Human Kinetics
ISBN: 1450469019
Format: PDF
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Therapeutic Modalities for Musculoskeletal Injuries, Fourth Edition, offers comprehensive coverage of therapeutic interventions for musculoskeletal injuries, providing the tools for optimal decision making for safe and effective use of each treatment method.