Physics Meets Philosophy at the Planck Scale

Author: Craig Callender
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521664455
Format: PDF
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Was the first book to examine the exciting area of overlap between philosophy and quantum mechanics with chapters by leading experts from around the world.

Trends in Quantum Gravity Research

Author: David C. Moore
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781594546709
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Quantum gravity is the field of theoretical physics attempting to unify the theory of quantum mechanics, which describes three of the fundamental forces of nature, with general relativity, the theory of the fourth fundamental force: gravity. The ultimate goal is a unified framework for all fundamental forces -- a theory of everything. This book examines state-of-art research in this field.

Epistemology and Probability

Author: Arkady Plotnitsky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387853345
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book offers an exploration of the relationships between epistemology and probability in the work of Niels Bohr, Werner Heisenberg, and Erwin Schro- ̈ dinger, and in quantum mechanics and in modern physics as a whole. It also considers the implications of these relationships and of quantum theory itself for our understanding of the nature of human thinking and knowledge in general, or the ‘‘epistemological lesson of quantum mechanics,’’ as Bohr liked 1 to say. These implications are radical and controversial. While they have been seen as scientifically productive and intellectually liberating to some, Bohr and Heisenberg among them, they have been troublesome to many others, such as Schro ̈ dinger and, most prominently, Albert Einstein. Einstein famously refused to believe that God would resort to playing dice or rather to playing with nature in the way quantum mechanics appeared to suggest, which is indeed quite different from playing dice. According to his later (sometime around 1953) remark, a lesser known or commented upon but arguably more important one: ‘‘That the Lord should play [dice], all right; but that He should gamble according to definite rules [i. e. , according to the rules of quantum mechanics, rather than 2 by merely throwing dice], that is beyond me. ’’ Although Einstein’s invocation of God is taken literally sometimes, he was not talking about God but about the way nature works. Bohr’s reply on an earlier occasion to Einstein’s question 1 Cf.

Von der Physik zur Metaphysik

Author: Reiner Hedrich
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110323346
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Obwohl der Stringansatz als Versuch einer nomologisch vereinheitlichten Erfassung aller Wechselwirkungen, inklusive der Gravitation, schon über drei Jahrzehnte existiert, sind die ihm zugrundeliegenden physikalischen Prinzipien noch völlig unklar; und es gibt nicht die geringste empirisch überprüfbare, quantitative Vorhersage. Ohne empirische Daten, die mit den etablierten Theorien - quantenfeldtheoretischem Standardmodell und Allgemeiner Relativitätstheorie - unvereinbar wären, liefert nur die konzeptionelle Inkompatibilität beider, gemeinsam mit der Vereinheitlichungsidee, eine Motivation für den Stringansatz. Mit diesem droht jedoch die Physik, unter konsequenter Weiterführung ihrer bisher erfolgreichen Strategien, den methodologischen Rahmen der empirischen Wissenschaften zu überschreiten.

Handbuch Metaphysik

Author: Markus Schrenk
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3476053652
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Metaphysik als die zentrale Disziplin der Philosophie befasst sich mit den grundsätzlichen Fragen nach dem Sein, dem Wesen der Dinge in der Welt und ihren Relationen zueinander. Ihre Einsichten bilden die Grundlage für zahlreiche andere, nicht nur philosophische Disziplinen. Das Handbuch umfasst ausgehend von der Frage, was es überhaupt gibt, sämtliche Teilbereiche der Metaphysik, vom Problem der Existenz über Raum und Zeit, Wissenschaftsmetaphysik, Logik und Semantik bis hin zur Frage nach dem Status der Metaphysik selbst. Es enthält zudem einen ausführlichen Überblick über die Geschichte und die Methoden metaphysischen Denkens.

Philosophy at 3 AM

Author: Richard Marshall
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199969531
Format: PDF, ePub
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The 25 interviews collected in this volume were carried out with the aim of confronting widespread ignorance about contemporary philosophy. Contemporary philosophical issues are presented through engaging but serious dialogues that, taken together, offer a glimpse into key debates across the discipline.

A Companion to the Philosophy of Time

Author: Adrian Bardon
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118522052
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A Companion to the Philosophy of Time presents the broadest treatment of this subject yet; 32 specially commissioned articles - written by an international line-up of experts – provide an unparalleled reference work for students and specialists alike in this exciting field. The most comprehensive reference work on the philosophy of time currently available The first collection to tackle the historical development of the philosophy of time in addition to covering contemporary work Provides a tripartite approach in its organization, covering history of the philosophy of time, time as a feature of the physical world, and time as a feature of experience Includes contributions from both distinguished, well-established scholars and rising stars in the field

Symmetry Structure and Spacetime

Author: Dean Rickles
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080552064
Format: PDF, Docs
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In this book Rickles considers several interpretative difficulties raised by gauge-type symmetries (those that correspond to no change in physical state). The ubiquity of such symmetries in modern physics renders them an urgent topic in philosophy of physics. Rickles focuses on spacetime physics, and in particular classical and quantum general relativity. Here the problems posed are at their most pathological, involving the apparent disappearance of spacetime! Rickles argues that both traditional ontological positions should be replaced by a structuralist account according to which relational structure is what the physics is about. · Unified treatment of gauge symmetries and their relationship to ontology in physics · Brings philosophy of space and time into step with developments in modern physics · Argues against the received view on the implications of symmetries in physics · Provides elementary treatments of technical issues · Illustrates a novel defense of structuralism

The Philosophy of Science 2 Volume Set

Author: Sahotra Sarkar
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780415939270
Format: PDF, ePub
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The first in-depth reference in the field that combines scientific knowledge with philosophical inquiry, The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia is a two-volume set that brings together an international team of leading scholars to provide over 130 entries on the essential concepts in the philosophy of science. The areas covered include: biology chemistry epistemology and metaphysics physics psychology and mind the social sciences key figures in the combined studies of science and philosophy. The essays represent the most up-to-date philosophical thinking on timeless scientific topics such as: determinism, explanation, laws of nature, perception, individuality, time, and economics as well as timely topics like adaptation, conservation biology, quantum logic, consciousness, evolutionary psychology, and game theory.

Quantum Theory Reconsideration of Foundations 3

Author: Guillaume Adenier
Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics
ISBN: 9780735403017
Format: PDF, Docs
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The editors (of V xj U. in Sweden and the Institute for Theoretical Physics in the Netherlands) present 45 papers and two poster presentations from a June 2005 international conference dedicated to the foundations of quantum mechanics and its applications to quantum information theory, quantum computing, and cryptography. Specific topics include ph