Physics of Fractal Operators

Author: Bruce West
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387217460
Format: PDF, Docs
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This text describes the statistcal behavior of complex systems and shows how the fractional calculus can be used to model the behavior. The discussion emphasizes physical phenomena whose evolution is best described using the fractional calculus, such as systems with long-range spatial interactions or long-time memory. The book gives general strategies for understanding wave propagation through random media, the nonlinear response of complex materials, and the fluctuations of heat transport in heterogeneous materials.

Matrix Methods And Fractional Calculus

Author: Mathai Arak M
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813227540
Format: PDF
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Fractional calculus in terms of mathematics and statistics and its applications to problems in natural sciences is NOT yet part of university teaching curricula. This book is one attempt to provide an approach to include topics of fractional calculus into university curricula. Additionally the material is useful for people who do research work in the areas of special functions, fractional calculus, applications of fractional calculus, and mathematical statistics. Contents: PrefaceList of SymbolsVector/Matrix Derivatives and OptimizationJacobians of Matrix Transformations and Functions of Matrix ArgumentFractional Calculus and Special FunctionsFractional Calculus and Fractional Differential EquationsKober Fractional Calculus and Matrix-Variate FunctionsLie Theory and Special FunctionsSelected Topics in Multivariate Analysis Readership: Graduate students and researchers in all aspects of fractional calculus and its applications. Keywords: Vector/Matrix Derivatives;Optimization;Jacobians of Matrix Transformations;Multivariate Analysis;Functions of Matrix Argument;Fractional Calculus;Special Functions;Lie Theory;Fractional Differential Equations;Kober Fractional Calculus;Matrix-Variate FunctionsReview:0

Fractional and Multivariable Calculus

Author: A.M. Mathai
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319599933
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This textbook presents a rigorous approach to multivariable calculus in the context of model building and optimization problems. This comprehensive overview is based on lectures given at five SERC Schools from 2008 to 2012 and covers a broad range of topics that will enable readers to understand and create deterministic and nondeterministic models. Researchers, advanced undergraduate, and graduate students in mathematics, statistics, physics, engineering, and biological sciences will find this book to be a valuable resource for finding appropriate models to describe real-life situations. The first chapter begins with an introduction to fractional calculus moving on to discuss fractional integrals, fractional derivatives, fractional differential equations and their solutions. Multivariable calculus is covered in the second chapter and introduces the fundamentals of multivariable calculus (multivariable functions, limits and continuity, differentiability, directional derivatives and expansions of multivariable functions). Illustrative examples, input-output process, optimal recovery of functions and approximations are given; each section lists an ample number of exercises to heighten understanding of the material. Chapter three discusses deterministic/mathematical and optimization models evolving from differential equations, difference equations, algebraic models, power function models, input-output models and pathway models. Fractional integral and derivative models are examined. Chapter four covers non-deterministic/stochastic models. The random walk model, branching process model, birth and death process model, time series models, and regression type models are examined. The fifth chapter covers optimal design. General linear models from a statistical point of view are introduced; the Gauss–Markov theorem, quadratic forms, and generalized inverses of matrices are covered. Pathway, symmetric, and asymmetric models are covered in chapter six, the concepts are illustrated with graphs.

Digital Communications Using Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics

Author: Jia-Ming Liu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 038729788X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book provides a summary of the research conducted at UCLA, Stanford University, and UCSD over the last ?ve years in the area of nonlinear dyn- ics and chaos as applied to digital communications. At ?rst blush, the term “chaotic communications” seems like an oxymoron; how could something as precise and deterministic as digital communications be chaotic? But as this book will demonstrate, the application of chaos and nonlinear dynamicstocommunicationsprovidesmanypromisingnewdirectionsinareas of coding, nonlinear optical communications, and ultra-wideband commu- cations. The eleven chapters of the book summarize many of the promising new approaches that have been developed, and point the way to new research directions in this ?eld. Digital communications techniques have been continuously developed and re?ned for the past ?fty years to the point where today they form the heart of a multi-hundred billion dollar per year industry employing hundreds of thousands of people on a worldwide basis. There is a continuing need for transmission and reception of digital signals at higher and higher data rates. There are a variety of physical limits that place an upper limit on these data rates, and so the question naturally arises: are there alternative communi- tion techniques that can overcome some of these limitations? Most digital communications today is carried out using electronic devices that are essentially “linear,” and linear system theory has been used to c- tinually re?ne their performance. In many cases, inherently nonlinear devices are linearized in order to achieve a certain level of linear system performance.

Fractional Dynamics

Author: Vasily E. Tarasov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642140033
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"Fractional Dynamics: Applications of Fractional Calculus to Dynamics of Particles, Fields and Media" presents applications of fractional calculus, integral and differential equations of non-integer orders in describing systems with long-time memory, non-local spatial and fractal properties. Mathematical models of fractal media and distributions, generalized dynamical systems and discrete maps, non-local statistical mechanics and kinetics, dynamics of open quantum systems, the hydrodynamics and electrodynamics of complex media with non-local properties and memory are considered. This book is intended to meet the needs of scientists and graduate students in physics, mechanics and applied mathematics who are interested in electrodynamics, statistical and condensed matter physics, quantum dynamics, complex media theories and kinetics, discrete maps and lattice models, and nonlinear dynamics and chaos. Dr. Vasily E. Tarasov is a Senior Research Associate at Nuclear Physics Institute of Moscow State University and an Associate Professor at Applied Mathematics and Physics Department of Moscow Aviation Institute.

Nonlinear Dynamics

Author: H.G Solari
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780750303804
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nonlinear Dynamics: A Two-Way Trip from Physics to Math provides readers with the mathematical tools of nonlinear dynamics to tackle problems in all areas of physics. The selection of topics emphasizes bifurcation theory and topological analysis of dynamical systems. The book includes real-life problems and experiments as well as exercises and worked examples to test understanding.

Recent Advances in Applied Nonlinear Dynamics with Numerical Analysis

Author: Changpin Li
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981443647X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Nonlinear dynamics is still a hot and challenging topic. In this edited book, we focus on fractional dynamics, infinite dimensional dynamics defined by the partial differential equation, network dynamics, fractal dynamics, and their numerical analysis and simulation. Fractional dynamics is a new topic in the research field of nonlinear dynamics which has attracted increasing interest due to its potential applications in the real world, such as modeling memory processes and materials. In this part, basic theory for fractional differential equations and numerical simulations for these equations will be introduced and discussed. In the infinite dimensional dynamics part, we emphasize on numerical calculation and theoretical analysis, including constructing various numerical methods and computing the corresponding limit sets, etc. In the last part, we show interest in network dynamics and fractal dynamics together with numerical simulations as well as their applications. Contents:Gronwall Inequalities (Fanhai Zeng, Jianxiong Cao and Changpin Li)Existence and Uniqueness of the Solutions to the Fractional Differential Equations (Yutian Ma, Fengrong Zhang and Changpin Li)Finite Element Methods for Fractional Differential Equations (Changpin Li and Fanhai Zeng)Fractional Step Method for the Nonlinear Conservation Laws with Fractional Dissipation (Can Li and Weihua Deng)Error Analysis of Spectral Method for the Space and Time Fractional Fokker–Planck Equation (Tinggang Zhao and Haiyan Xuan)A Discontinuous Finite Element Method for a Type of Fractional Cauchy Problem (Yunying Zheng)Asymptotic Analysis of a Singularly Perturbed Parabolic Problem in a General Smooth Domain (Yu-Jiang Wu, Na Zhang and Lun-Ji Song)Incremental Unknowns Methods for the ADI and ADSI Schemes (Ai-Li Yang, Yu-Jiang Wu and Zhong-Hua Yang)Stability of a Collocated FV Scheme for the 3D Navier–Stokes Equations (Xu Li and Shu-qin Wang)Computing the Multiple Positive Solutions to p–Henon Equation on the Unit Square (Zhaoxiang Li and Zhonghua Yang)Multilevel WBIUs Methods for Reaction–Diffusion Equations (Yang Wang, Yu-Jiang Wu and Ai-Li Yang)Models and Dynamics of Deterministically Growing Networks (Weigang Sun, Jingyuan Zhang and Guanrong Chen)On Different Approaches to Synchronization of Spatiotemporal Chaos in Complex Networks (Yuan Chai and Li-Qun Chen)Chaotic Dynamical Systems on Fractals and Their Applications to Image Encryption (Ruisong Ye, Yuru Zou and Jian Lu)Planar Crystallographic Symmetric Tiling Patterns Generated From Invariant Maps (Ruisong Ye, Haiying Zhao and Yuanlin Ma)Complex Dynamics in a Simple Two-Dimensional Discrete System (Huiqing Huang and Ruisong Ye)Approximate Periodic Solutions of Damped Harmonic Oscillators with Delayed Feedback (Qian Guo)The Numerical Methods in Option Pricing Problem (Xiong Bo)Synchronization and Its Control Between Two Coupled Networks (Yongqing Wu and Minghai Lü) Readership: Senior undergraduates, postgraduates and experts in nonlinear dynamics with numerical analysis. Keywords:Fractional Dynamics;Infinite Dimensional Dynamics;Network Dynamics;Fractal DynamicsKey Features:The topics in this edited book are very hot and highly impressiveIssues and methods of such topics in this edited book have not been made available yetThe present edited book is suitable for various levels of researchers, such as senior undergraduates, postgraduates, and experts

Mathematica for Theoretical Physics

Author: Gerd Baumann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387251127
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Class-tested textbook that shows readers how to solve physical problems and deal with their underlying theoretical concepts while using Mathematica® to derive numeric and symbolic solutions. Delivers dozens of fully interactive examples for learning and implementation, constants and formulae can readily be altered and adapted for the user’s purposes. New edition offers enlarged two-volume format suitable to courses in mechanics and electrodynamics, while offering dozens of new examples and a more rewarding interactive learning environment. Notebooks for problem solving and learning.

Mathematical Methods in Engineering

Author: Nuno Miguel Fonseca Ferreira
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9400771835
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book presents a careful selection of the contributions presented at the Mathematical Methods in Engineering (MME10) International Symposium, held at the Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra- Engineering Institute of Coimbra (IPC/ISEC), Portugal, October 21-24, 2010. The volume discusses recent developments about theoretical and applied mathematics toward the solution of engineering problems, thus covering a wide range of topics, such as: Automatic Control, Autonomous Systems, Computer Science, Dynamical Systems and Control, Electronics, Finance and Economics, Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, Fractional Mathematics, Fractional Transforms and Their Applications, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, Image and Signal Analysis, Image Processing, Mechanics, Mechatronics, Motor Control and Human Movement Analysis, Nonlinear Dynamics, Partial Differential Equations, Robotics, Acoustics, Vibration and Control, and Wavelets.

Chaos and Fractals

Author: C.A. Pickover
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080528861
Format: PDF, Kindle
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These days computer-generated fractal patterns are everywhere, from squiggly designs on computer art posters to illustrations in the most serious of physics journals. Interest continues to grow among scientists and, rather surprisingly, artists and designers. This book provides visual demonstrations of complicated and beautiful structures that can arise in systems, based on simple rules. It also presents papers on seemingly paradoxical combinations of randomness and structure in systems of mathematical, physical, biological, electrical, chemical, and artistic interest. Topics include: iteration, cellular automata, bifurcation maps, fractals, dynamical systems, patterns of nature created through simple rules, and aesthetic graphics drawn from the universe of mathematics and art. Chaos and Fractals is divided into six parts: Geometry and Nature; Attractors; Cellular Automata, Gaskets, and Koch Curves; Mandelbrot, Julia and Other Complex Maps; Iterated Function Systems; and Computer Art. Additionally, information on the latest practical applications of fractals and on the use of fractals in commercial products such as the antennas and reaction vessels is presented. In short, fractals are increasingly finding application in practical products where computer graphics and simulations are integral to the design process. Each of the six sections has an introduction by the editor including the latest research, references, and updates in the field. This book is enhanced with numerous color illustrations, a comprehensive index, and the many computer program examples encourage reader involvement.