Physics of Nuclear Radiations

Author: Chary Rangacharyulu
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1482229293
Format: PDF
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Physics of Nuclear Radiations: Concepts, Techniques and Applications makes the physics of nuclear radiations accessible to students with a basic background in physics and mathematics. The main text avoids calculus, with detailed derivations deferred to endnotes and appendices. The text explains meanings and the significance of equations in detail to be understandable to audiences from various disciplines. Rather than convince students one way or the other about the hazards of nuclear radiations, the text empowers them with tools to calculate and assess nuclear radiations and their impact. It discusses the meaning behind mathematical formulae as well as the areas in which the equations can be applied. After reviewing the physics preliminaries, the author addresses the growth and decay of nuclear radiations, the stability of nuclei or particles against radioactive transformations, and the behavior of heavy charged particles, electrons, photons, and neutrons. He then presents the nomenclature and physics reasoning of dosimetry, covers typical nuclear facilities (such as medical x-ray machines and particle accelerators), and describes the physics principles of diverse detectors. The book also discusses methods for measuring energy and time spectroscopies before concluding with applications in agriculture, medicine, industry, and art.

Radioaktive Umwandlungen

Author: Ernest Rutherford
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3845725990
Format: PDF, Docs
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Der Atomphysiker Ernest Rutherford, der für seine Forschungen im Bereich der Radioaktivität 1908 mit dem Nobelpreis für Chemie ausgezeichnet wurde und als „Vater der Kernphysik“ gilt, erläutert im vorliegenden Band die Prozesse der Transformationen der radioaktiven Elemente. Auf Basis einer Vorlesungsreihe, die er 1905 an der Yale University hielt, führt Rutherford den Leser in seine Erkenntnisse ein. Sorgfältig nachbearbeiteter Nachdruck der deutschsprachigen Ausgabe aus dem Jahr 1907.

Concepts Methods and Applications of Quantum Systems in Chemistry and Physics

Author: Yan A. Wang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319745824
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This edited, multi-author volume contains selected, peer–reviewed contributions based on the presentations given at the 21th International Workshop on Quantum Systems in Chemistry, Physics, and Biology (QSCP-XXI), held in Vancouver, Canada, in July 2016. This book is primarily aimed at scholars, researchers and graduate students working at universities and scientific laboratories and interested in the structure, properties, dynamics and spectroscopy of atoms, molecules, biological systems and condensed matter.

Nuclear Physics

Author: John Lilley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118723325
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This title provides the latest information on nuclear physics.Based on a course entitled Applications of Nuclear Physics. Writtenfrom an experimental point of view this text is broadly dividedinto two parts, firstly a general introduction to Nuclear Physicsand secondly its applications. * Includes chapters on practical examples and problems * Contains hints to solving problems which are included in theappendix * Avoids complex and extensive mathematical treatments * A modern approach to nuclear physics, covering the basic theory,but emphasising the many and important applications

Nuclear Methods in Science and Technology

Author: Yuri M. Tsipenyuk
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780750304221
Format: PDF, ePub
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The application of nuclear physics methods is now widespread throughout physics, chemistry, metallurgy, biology, clinical medicine, geology, and archaeology. Accelerators, reactors, and various instruments that have developed together with nuclear physics have often been found to offer the basis for increasingly productive and more sensitive analytical techniques. Nuclear Methods in Science and Technology provides scientists and engineers with a clear understanding of the basic principles of nuclear methods and their potential for applications in a wide range of disciplines. The first part of the book covers the major points of basic theory and experimental methods of nuclear physics, emphasizing concepts and simple models that give a feel for the behavior of real systems. Using many examples, the second part illustrates the extraordinary possibilities offered by nuclear methods. It covers the Mossbauer effect, slow neutron physics, activation analysis, radiography, nuclear geochronology, channeling effects, nuclear microprobe, and numerous other topics in modern applied nuclear physics. The book explores applications such as tomography, the use of short-lived isotopes in clinical diagnoses, and nuclear physics in ecology and agriculture. Where alternative nonnuclear analytical techniques are available, the author compares the relevant nuclear method, enabling readers to judge which technique may be most useful for them. Complete with a bibliography and extensive reference list for readers who want to delve deeper into a particular topic, this book applies various methods of nuclear physics to a wide range of disciplines.

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

Author: Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123848733
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Authoritative reference providing the principles, practical techniques, and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity.

Atomic And Nuclear Physics

Author: Sharma
Publisher: Pearson Education India
ISBN: 9788131719244
Format: PDF
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The Book Describes The Basics Of Atomic And Nuclear Physics, Related Phenomena, And The Physics Of Nuclear Reactors And The Instruments And Applications For The Same. The Flow Of The Chapters In The Book Gradually Moves From Atomic Physics, Then To Quantum Physics, And Finally To Nuclear Physics.

Nuclear Energy

Author: Raymond Murray
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9780080919447
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nuclear Energy is one of the most popular texts ever published on basic nuclear physics, systems, and applications of nuclear energy. This newest edition continues the tradition of offering a holistic treatment of everything the undergraduate engineering student needs to know in a clear and accessible way. Presented is a comprehensive overview of radioactivity, radiation protection, nuclear reactors, waste disposal, and nuclear medicine. • New coverage on nuclear safety concerns following 9/11, including radiation and terrorism, nuclear plant security, and use of nuclear techniques to detect weapons materials • New facts on nuclear waste management, including the Yucca Mountain repository • New developments in the use of nuclear-powered systems for generating cheap and abundant hydrogen from water using nuclear technology • New information on prospects for new nuclear power reactors and their applications for electricity and desalination • New end-of-chapter Exercises and Answers, lists of Internet resources, and updated references. • New instructor web site including Solutions to Exercises and PowerPoint slides • New student web site containing computer programs for use with Computer Exercises

Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors

Author: Mohammad Nakhostin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119410142
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"This book provides a clear understanding of the principles of signal processing of radiation detectors. It is designed to be a stand-alone book and no extensive pre-knowledge of electronics is assumed. To this end, the characteristics of pulses from various types of detectors are emphasized and an overview is given on the basic concepts required to understand detectors signal processing systems and pulse processing techniques. The author covers all important aspects of signal processing including energy spectroscopy, timing, position-sensing, pulse-shape discrimination and radiation intensity measurement. By reading this book, researchers, engineers, and graduate students working in disciplines such as nuclear physics and engineering, environmental and biomedical engineering, medical physics and radiological science will have the knowledge to optimize available systems or to setup their own experiments"--