Pioneers of Microbiology and the Nobel Prize

Author: Ulf Lagerkvist
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814338087
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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We are swamped with information and each day seems to bring new discoveries that must be considered. Never before in the history of science have so many scientists been as active as today. It has become a major problem for the expert just to keep up with the literature in his or her own field of research. Why, then, should experts and their poor students worry about the pioneers of microbiology, those half-forgotten scientists who a century ago devoted their lives to a new science that was on its way to revolutionizing medicine? With so many new facts and problems screaming for our attention, it is easy to lose sight of the long road that we have travelled in order to get to the point where we are now. Tracing the path of those who have gone before us will help us to see our own scientific goals and efforts in a more revealing perspective. The great figures who are at the center of interest in this book — Robert Koch, Emil von Behring, Paul Ehrlich and Elie Metchnikoff — were far from uncontroversial during their lifetimes. It is interesting to see how they were judged by their peers at the Karolinska Institutet when they were considered for the Nobel Prize. Pioneers of Microbiology and the Nobel Prize has been written in such a way that it can be enjoyed even without an extensive knowledge of microbiology and medicine. In fact, a considerable part of the book portrays the state of medicine during the middle of the 19th century, when bacteriology can be said to have made its debut on the medical scene. Contents:The Sites of DiseasesCellular PathologyThe New PhysiologyBankruptcy and a Gleam of HopeContagion Versus MiasmaThe Birth of MicrobiologyBacteriology and the Nemesis of SurgeryRobert KochEmil von BehringPaul EhrlichElie MetchnikoffNobel Prizes and Nobel Committees (1901, 1905 and 1908)In Defence of the Nobel Prize Readership: Microbiologists; medical researchers, undergraduates and graduate students in microbiology and the life sciences; general readers. Keywords:Microbiology;Medical History;Nobel Prize;Robert Koch;Emil von Behring;Paul Ehrlich;Elie MetchnikoffReviews:“… The four main sections of the book are each a gem of a portrait in the miniature. The treatment is balanced; not only human greatness but failings are presented, making the descriptions very human and informative … Ulf Lagerkvist provides interesting data and observations about the nominations and the studies conducted by various members of the Committee on the candidates.”István Hargittai Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Hungary “Lagerkvist has written an extremely informative and simple description of four giants in the field of microbiology. His easy-going style and a focus on the straightforward elements of the lives of the Nobelists make for a voyage of entertainment and education.”Sidney Altman Yale University, USA “It is an informative review of the notable achievements of four great figures in medicine whose researches have virtually been eclipsed by the rapid advances of the 20th century.”Paul Berg Stanford University Medical Center, USA “This timely book reminds us of the achievements and careers of the equally great scientific pioneers of a hundred years ago, who discovered most of the agents that cause major human diseases, and also revealed our main defence against infectious agents, the antibodies … The author provides fascinating insights into the deliberations which resulted in well deserved awards for several scientific pioneers. This is an insiders' view of the strategy for choosing the right candidates for Nobel prizes.”Tomas Lindahl Cancer Research UK London Research Institute “Just over 100 years ago, the first Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded. This book is an authoritative and entertaining account of four of the early winners. The life and work of Robert Koch, Emil von Behring, Paul Ehrlich and Elie Metchnikoff are closely examined in the light of contemporary scientific knowledge and ignorance. Politics appear to have had as much to do with their final acceptance as Nobel Prize winners as did their outstanding scientific achievements. Many full-page portraits add to the charm of this book. Members of the public wanting to learn more about the birth of microbiology will find this book invaluable. Trainee as well as experienced microbiologists and immunologists will also find much of interest. There should be a copy in the often neglected history section of all good microbiologists libraries.”Microbiology Today “The book supplies superior details about the research and the social climate leading to the discoveries and provides good insight into the intellect and personalities that make extraordinary scientific discoveries. The rationale for awarding Nobel prizes in science is also thoroughly discussed … For anybody interested in the history and process of science.”Choice “The initial chapters beautifully describe the evolution of the ideas that formed the basis not only of medical microbiology but also of physiology and pathology … This book provides a series of portraits in which not only the achievements but additionally the failings are described, and effectively conjures up the academic milieu of the time.”Notes and Records of The Royal Society

Pioneers In Microbiology The Human Side Of Science

Author: Chung King-thom
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813200383
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Pasteurization, penicillin, Koch's postulates, and gene coding. These discoveries and inventions are vital yet commonplace in modern life, but were radical when first introduced to the public and academia. In this book, the life and times of leading pioneers in microbiology are discussed in vivid detail, focusing on the background of each discovery and the process in which they were developed — sometimes by accident or sheer providence.

Nobel Prizes that Changed Medicine

Author: Gilbert Thompson
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1848168276
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book brings together in one volume fifteen Nobel Prize-winning discoveries that have had the greatest impact upon medical science and the practice of medicine during the 20th century and up to the present time. Its overall aim is to enlighten, entertain and stimulate. This is especially so for those who are involved in or contemplating a career in medical research. Anyone interested in the particulars of a specific award or Laureate can obtain detailed information on the topic by accessing the Nobel Foundation''s website. In contrast, this book aims to provide a less formal and more personal view of the science and scientists involved, by having prominent academics write a chapter each about a Nobel Prize-winning discovery in their own areas of interest and expertise.

Ananthanarayan and Paniker s Textbook of Microbiology

Author: Ananthanarayan And Paniker
Publisher: Orient Blackswan
ISBN: 9788125028086
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In This New Edition, The Classic Textbook Has Been Relevant New Information And All Chapters Have Been Thoroughly Revised And Updated. It Contains Current Material On Hiv, Hepatitis Virus, Sars, Coronavirus, Bird Flud Virus And Many Of The New Agents Responsible For Human Infections. The Epidemological Patterns Have Been Redescribed And Updated.

The Enigma of Ferment

Author: Ulf Lagerkvist
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814338168
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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' This popular account of the history of ferment takes the reader on a fascinating journey from its obscure origins in medieval medicine and alchemy to the modern concept of the enzyme. During the 19th century, the question of the nature of the ferment led to a long and bitter conflict between those that believed in a vital force peculiar to the living cell and those that looked for a more chemical explanation. The book takes an in-depth look at the events of 1897 when Eduard Buchner demonstrated that cell-free extracts of yeast could catalyze alcoholic fermentation, putting an end to “vitalism” and at the same time earning him a Nobel Prize, the first to be awarded for purely biochemical work. Contents:Alchemy and the Dawn of ChemistryMedicine and Chemistry in the Scientific RevolutionA Golden Age of ChemistryFerment or Vital ForceA Fortuitous ObservationThe Nobel Prize Readership: Academics as well as general readers. Keywords:History of Ferment;Enzyme;Eduard Buchner;Nobel PrizeKey Features:Gives readers a feeling for how events unfolded over the centuries and the often colourful characters that were involvedDetails a series of conflicts between schools of scientists where individuals stand out as interesting personalitiesReviews:“Lagerkvist has written a concise but highly informative and lucid history of the emergence of chemistry … For present-day scholars and students interested in the evolutionary emergence of modern biological sciences and medicine, The Enigma of Ferment is a highly recommended read.”Paul Berg Cahill Professor of Biochemistry, Emeritus Stanford University School of Medicine, USA Nobel Laureate “Ulf Lagerkvist has written a book which is both fascinating and easy to read. I can recommend it to everyone who wants a historical perspective on today's medical and biological sciences.”Torvard C Laurent University of Uppsala, Sweden “In this elegant text … the close connection between medicine and chemistry over time is richly exemplified. With his great sense for details, Lagerkvist cleverly illustrates the contributions of a great number of colorful characters. This book is a very entertaining journey through the centuries for all readers.”Lars Thelander Umea University, Sweden “Lagerkvist is a great storyteller without compromising any of the accuracy of his stories. His latest book can be recommended to the layman as much as to the researcher interested in the background and history of our life sciences.”Istvan Hargittai Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Hungary “Lagerkvist, who has had access to the recently released information and documents in the Swedish Academy on the deliberations preceding Buchner's well-deserved prize, provides an entertaining and scholarly description of the disagreements and intrigues associated with this particular award. In summary, an excellent and entertaining read for anyone with an interest in the starting points of modern life sciences.”Dr Tomas Lindahl London Research Institute, Cancer Research UK “This is a story to whet the appetite of young minds for intellectual history, science, or medical research, and to satisfy those more mature minds desirous of a refreshing look at how man came to develop modern concepts of biomedicine.”Jacques R Fresco Princeton University, USA '

Fundamentals of Microbiology

Author: Jeffrey Pommerville
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 1284100952
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Pommerville’s Fundamentals of Microbiology, Eleventh Edition makes the difficult yet essential concepts of microbiology accessible and engaging for students’ initial introduction to this exciting science.

The Periodic Table and a Missed Nobel Prize

Author: Ulf Lagerkvist
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814295957
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Inside this book:* Learn the secrets that the greatest leaders of history used to transform fear and procrastination into the power to:* take action*create wealth*become experts and leaders in their chosen fields. *Discover an easy assessment that will allow you to know exactly where you are, and and how to get yourself to where you want to be.* Discover a simple process to find both your passion and purpose.* Learn the very technique that allowed Thomas Edison to come up with more than 100 patentable ideas in his lifetime, and how you too can use it to come up with your own multi-million dollar ideas. *and much more, including a surprise bonus!