Plea Bargaining s Triumph

Author: George Fisher
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804751353
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Though originally an interloper in a system of justice mediated by courtroom battles, plea bargaining now dominates American criminal justice. This book traces the evolution of plea bargaining from its beginnings in the early nineteenth century to its present pervasive role. Through the first three quarters of the nineteenth century, judges showed far less enthusiasm for plea bargaining than did prosecutors. After all, plea bargaining did not assure judges “victory”; judges did not suffer under the workload that prosecutors faced; and judges had principled objections to dickering for justice and to sharing sentencing authority with prosecutors. The revolution in tort law, however, brought on a flood of complex civil cases, which persuaded judges of the wisdom of efficient settlement of criminal cases. Having secured the patronage of both prosecutors and judges, plea bargaining quickly grew to be the dominant institution of American criminal procedure. Indeed, it is difficult to name a single innovation in criminal procedure during the last 150 years that has been incompatible with plea bargaining’s progress and survived.

Judicial Process in America 9th Edition

Author: Robert A Carp
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452226326
Format: PDF
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Known for shedding light on the link between the courts, public policy, and the political environment, the new ninth edition of Judicial Process in America provides a comprehensive overview of the American judiciary. Considering the courts from every level, the authors thoroughly cover judges, lawyers, litigants, and the variables at play in judicial decision making. This remarkably current revision will only solidify the bookÆs position as the standard-bearer in the field.

256 295

Author:
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110259311
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Der Löwe-Rosenberg ist der älteste deutschsprachige juristische Kommentar; die erste Auflage stammt aus dem Jahre 1879; erläutert auch in der 26. Auflage wieder vollständig die StPO, das GVG, das EGGVG sowie die das Strafverfahren betreffenden Vorschriften der MRK und des IPBPR; enthält die umfassendste und grundlegendste Kommentierung des deutschen Strafprozessrechts; er gibt dem Benutzer eine Hilfe zur Lösung nicht nur häufig auftauchender, sondern auch entlegener Sachfragen. Der gegenwärtige Erkenntnisstand und der Stand der rechtlichen Kontroversen ist vollständig dargestellt, und Wege zur Lösung werden aufgezeigt; ist als Großkommentar der Praxis angelegt. Bei Darstellung und Gewichtung wird stets auf den Praxisbezug und die Tauglichkeit in der Praxis geachtet. Für die 26. Auflage konnten wieder erstklassige Herausgeber und Autoren aus Wissenschaft und Praxis gewonnen werden, die für wissenschaftlich fundierte und zugleich praxisorientierte Erläuterungen stehen.

U S Attorneys Political Control and Career Ambition

Author: Banks Miller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190928263
Format: PDF, Mobi
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United States Attorneys (USAs), the chief federal prosecutors in each judicial district, are key in determining how the federal government uses coercive force against its citizens. How much control do national political actors exert over the prosecutorial decisions of USAs? This book investigates this question using a unique dataset of federal criminal prosecutions between 1986 and 2015 that captures both decisions by USAs to file cases as well as the sentences that result. Utilizing intuitions from principal-agent theory, work on the career ambition of bureaucrats and politicians, and selected case-studies, the authors develop and advance a set of hypotheses about control by the President and Congress. Harnessing variation across time, federal judicial districts, and five legal issue areas - immigration, narcotics, terrorism, weapons, and white-collar crime - Miller and Curry find that USAs are subject to considerable executive influence in their decision making, supporting findings about the increase of presidential power over the last three decades. In addition, they show that the ability of the President to appoint USAs to higher-level positions within the executive branch or to federal judgeships is an important mechanism of that control. This investigation sheds light on how the need to be responsive to popularly-elected principals channels the enormous prosecutorial discretion of USAs.

The Prosecutor in Transnational Perspective

Author: Erik Luna
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199844801
Format: PDF, ePub
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In this book, Erik Luna and Marianne Wade examine the considerable powers of the American prosecutor and look abroad in order to learn valuable lessons from a transnational examination of prosecutorial authority. They explore parallels and distinctions in the processes available to and decisions made by prosecutors in the United States and Europe. Through the varied topics covered by the contributors on both sides of the Atlantic, they demonstrate how the enhanced role of the prosecutor represents a crossroads for criminal justice with weighty legal and socio-economic consequences.

Grunds tze sozialer Gerechtigkeit

Author: David Miller
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593381524
Format: PDF, ePub
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Philosophische Theorien der Gerechtigkeit nehmen die Vielfalt alltäglicher Gerechtigkeitsurteile selten zur Kenntnis. Anders dagegen David Miller: Ausgehend von einer Analyse der Kontexte, in denen die in der Gesellschaft kursierenden Gerechtigkeitsvorstellungen entstehen, zeigt er deren Vielgestaltigkeit – und ihren philosophischen Gehalt. Er identifiziert drei Grundsätze, die allen Vorstellungen von sozialer Gerechtigkeit zugrunde liegen: Bedarf, Verdienst und Gleichheit. Seine zentrale These ist, dass mit den unterschiedlichen Formen menschlicher Beziehungen der jeweilige Stellenwert dieser Grundsätze variiert. Millers klar und unprätentiös geschriebenes Buch verdient es, in einem Atemzug mit den Werken von Rawls und Walzer genannt zu werden. Glanzstücke seiner Argumentation sind unter anderem seine Bemerkungen zur Rolle von Glück bei der Beurteilung von Leistungen für das Gerechtigkeitsempfinden.

Symposium

Author: Northern Illinois University. College of Law
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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