Politeness and Culture in Second Language Acquisition

Author: S. Song
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137030631
Format: PDF
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This book examines the importance of politeness in pragmatic expression and communication, making a significant contribution to the debate over whether the universal politeness theory is applicable globally regardless of cultural differences.

Politeness and Culture in Second Language Acquisition

Author: Sooho Song
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 1137030623
Format: PDF
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Brown and Levinson (1987) developed a universal politeness theory that posits distance, power, and task imposition together to determine politeness weightiness perception. However, their theory overlooks the importance of cultural differences in politeness behavior. Furthermore, the theory mathematically formularizes that politeness weightiness perception is determined by simply adding social distance between the speaker and the hearer with social power (status) of the hearer (addressee) and task imposition. In this book, I refine the theory by developing a formal model while accounting for cultural differences and empirically test them using survey data obtained from subjects with Korean and American cultural background. The results reveal that cultural differences do matter in a speaker's determination of politeness weightiness.

Aspects of Culture in Second Language Acquisition and Foreign Language Learning

Author: Janusz Arabski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642202018
Format: PDF, ePub
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In recent years language learning has been increasingly viewed by some SLA researchers as an essentially social-psychological process in which the role of a wider sociocultural context should not be marginalized. This volume offers a valuable contribution to this growing body of research by providing theoretical considerations and empirical research data on themes such as the development of intercultural communicative competence, the role of English as a lingua franca in intercultural communication, and the place of cultural factors in SLA theorizing, research, second/foreign language teaching and teacher training. The volume also contains contributions which share the linguistic interest in the culture-related concepts and constructs such as time, modesty, politeness, and respect, discussing the culture-dependent differences in conceptualization and their reflection in particular language forms and linguistic devices.

Culturally speaking

Author: Helen Spencer-Oatey
Publisher: Continuum Intl Pub Group
ISBN: 9780826493101
Format: PDF
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An updated second edition of the comprehensive introduction to intercultural pragmatics, providing essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Learning Politeness

Author: Ian Walkinshaw
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039115273
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book examines how Japanese learners of English learned about managing politeness while they were studying at language schools in New Zealand. Specifically, it investigates how they learned to produce and interpret a range of disagreement strategies during oppositional talk with native speakers of English. Employing a combined qualitative and quantitative approach to data analysis, the book discusses the initial pragmatic competence of the learners, and describes how their competence developed over a ten-week period. The book outlines some points of cultural divergence which may have influenced the direction and the extent of the learners' pragmatic development. It also sheds light on the language-acquisition strategies utilised by the learners during their tenure in the host culture. Most crucially, the book illuminates patterns of directness and indirectness in the learners' selected disagreement strategies. These patterns challenge the generally accepted theory that politeness always increases with social distance.

Korean Honorifics and Politeness in Second Language Learning

Author: Lucien Brown
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027286973
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book investigates the ways that advanced speakers of Korean as a second language perceive, use and learn the complexities of the Korean honorifics system. Despite their advanced proficiency in Korean, the study shows that the honorifics use of these speakers diverges in crucial ways from native speaker norms. It is argued that, rather than reflecting the language competence of these speakers as such, this usage is linked to questions of the identity of “language learners” and “foreigners” in Korean society. In addition, it shows the influence of conflicting ideologies regarding the “meaning” of “politeness”. This argument is backed up by rich data collected through mixed methods (discourse completion tests, role-plays, natural interactions, introspective interviews), allowing for a detailed picture of how the honorifics use of second language speakers emerges in context. The book concludes by discussing the implications of the study for politeness research, interlanguage pragmatics and language pedagogy.

Second Language Acquisition as a Mode Switching Process

Author: Sooho Song
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137524367
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book analyses processes of mode-switching in second language acquisition as they relate to Korean learners of English. In this empirical study, the author examines how native language influences and shapes usage of second language, particularly when the two are so dramatically different both in terms of grammar and the cultures in which they are anchored. Learning to speak English, she argues, entails switching from the formulaic to the strategic mode so that varying speaking norms and linguistic values are fully understood. This results in a mode switch towards the target culture. This intriguing book will be of interest to students and scholars of applied linguistics, sociolinguistics and English language education.

Making Requests by Chinese EFL Learners

Author: Vincent X. Wang
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027286809
Format: PDF
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Requests, a speech act people frequently use to perform everyday social interactions, have attracted particular attention in politeness theories, pragmatics, and second language acquisition. This book looks at request behaviours in a significant EFL population – Chinese-speaking learners of English. It will draw on recent literature, such as politeness theories and cognitive models for interlanguage pragmatics development, as well as placing special emphasis on situational context and formulaic language to provide a more fine-grained investigation. A range of request scenarios has been specifically designed for this project, from common service encounters to highly face-threatening situations such as borrowing money and asking a favour of police officer. Our findings on Chinese-style pragmatic behaviours and patterns of pragmatic development will be of value to cross-cultural pragmatics researchers, TESOL professionals, and university students with an interest in this area of study.

Korean Honorifics and Politeness in Second Language Learning

Author: Lucien Brown
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027256101
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book investigates the ways that advanced speakers of Korean as a second language perceive, use and learn the complexities of the Korean honorifics system. Despite their advanced proficiency in Korean, the study shows that the honorifics use of these speakers diverges in crucial ways from native speaker norms. It is argued that, rather than reflecting the language competence of these speakers as such, this usage is linked to questions of the identity of language learners and foreigners in Korean society. In addition, it shows the influence of conflicting ideologies regarding the meaning of politeness . This argument is backed up by rich data collected through mixed methods (discourse completion tests, role-plays, natural interactions, introspective interviews), allowing for a detailed picture of how the honorifics use of second language speakers emerges in context. The book concludes by discussing the implications of the study for politeness research, interlanguage pragmatics and language pedagogy."

Pragmatics across Languages and Cultures

Author: Anna Trosborg
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311021444X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This handbook provides a comprehensive overview, as well as breaking new ground, in a versatile and fast growing field. It contains four sections: Contrastive, Cross-cultural and Intercultural Pragmatics, Interlanguage Pragmatics, Teaching and Testing of Second/Foreign Language Pragmatics, and Pragmatics in Corporate Culture Communication, covering a wide range of topics, from speech acts and politeness issues to Lingua Franca and Corporate Crises Communication. The approach is theoretical, methodological as well as applied, with a focus on authentic, interactional data. All articles are written by renowned leading specialists, who provide in-depth, up-to-date overviews, and view new directions and visions for future research.