Polymer Blends and Composites

Author: Muralisrinivasan Natamai Subramanian
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119383447
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Because it is critically important to manufacture quality products, a reasonable balance must be drawn between control requirements and parameters for improved processing method with respect to plastics additives. An important contribution to the commercial polymer industry, Polymer Blends and Composites is one of the first books to combine plastics additives, testing, and quality control. The book is a comprehensive treatise on properties that provides detailed guidelines for selecting and using blends and composites for applications. A valuable resource for operators, processors, engineers, chemists, the book serves to stimulate those already active in natural polymer composites.

Polymer Blends and Composites

Author: John A. Manson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461517613
Format: PDF, Docs
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The need for writing a monograph on polymer blends and composites became apparent during presentation of material on this subject to our advanced polymers class. Although the flood of important research in this area in the past decade has resulted in many symposia, edited collections of papers, reviews, contributions to scientific journals, and patents, apparently no organized presentation in book form has been forthcoming. In a closely connected way, another strong impetus for writing this monograph arose out of our research programs in the Materials Research Center at Lehigh University. As part of this effort, we had naturally compiled hundreds of references and become acquainted with many leaders in the field of blend and composite research. Perhaps the most important concept stressed over and over again is that engineering materials are useful because of their complexity, not in spite of it. Blends and composites are toughened because many modes of resistance to failure are available. Although such multimechanism processes are diffi cult to describe with a unified theory. we have presented available develop ments in juxtaposition with the experimental portions. The arguments somewhat resemble the classical discussion of resonance in organic chemistry, where molecular structures increase in stability as more electronic configura tions become available.

Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites MFCs and NFCs from Polymer Blends

Author: Sabu Thomas
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081019920
Format: PDF, Docs
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Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites (MFCs and NFCs) from Polymer Blends is a comprehensive reference for researchers, students and scientists working in the field of plastics recycling and composites. The book aims to determine the influence of micro and nanofibrillar morphology on the properties of immiscible blend systems. Chapters cover micro and nanofibrillar composites based on polyolefin, liquid crystal polymer, biodegradable polymers, polyester and polyamide blends in various industrial application fields. The book brings together panels of highly-accomplished experts in the field of plastics recycling, blends and composites systems. For several decades, plastic technology has played an important role in many industrial applications, such as packaging, automobiles, aerospace and construction. However the increasing use of plastics creates a lot of waste. This has led to restrictions on the use of some plastics for certain applications and a drive towards recycling of plastics. More recently, microfibrillar in-situ composites have been prepared from waste plastics such as PET/PP, PET/PE and Nylon/PP as a way of formulating new high performance polymer systems. This book tackles these issues and more, and is an ideal resource for anyone interested in polymer blends. Provides information on MFC and NFC based polymer blends that have been accumulated over the last 25 years, providing a useful reference Adopts a novel approach in terms of understanding the relationship between processing, morphology, structure, properties and applications in micro and nanofibrillar composites Contains contributions from leading experts in the field from both industrial and academic research

The Chemical Industry

Author: C. A. Heaton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461585414
Format: PDF, Docs
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Background This book provides an introduction to the main sectors of the chemical industry, and complements An Introduction to Industrial Chemistry (sub sequently referred to as Volume I) which covers the physico-chemical principles of the subject, as well as introductory technical economics and chemical engineering. Processes considered include the large-scale production of polymers (up to 1000 tonnes per day for a single plant); the chlor-alkali, nitrogen, sulphur and phosphorus industries; and the production, on a smaller scale, of dyestuffs, pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals. The rapidly developing area of biotech nology is dealt with under biological catalysis. The consequences of scale of operation are also highlighted in Chapter 7. Each chapter includes common themes, such as brief history, present position, major products and the future. The final chapter links together the predictions made for the future of each sector, to give an overall projection for the whole chemical industry; the quadrupling of oil prices in 1974 and the widespread recession at the beginning of the 1980s provide a salutary lesson about the difficulty of such projections.

Polymers and Plastics Technology Handbook

Author: NIIR Board
Publisher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
ISBN: 8178330768
Format: PDF
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Plastics play a very important role in our daily lives. Throughout the world the demand for plastic, particularly plastic packaging, continues to rapidly grow. Polymer technology deals with the manufacture and production of polymer and synthetic substances. Plastic is incredibly versatile and can be made from different ingredients, moulded into any shape, and put to a huge range of uses across industry and the rest of society, from carrier bags to electrical cables. Polymer energy system is an award winning, innovative, proprietary process to convert waste plastics into renewable energy. Some of the important example of polymers and plastics are polytetra fluoroethylene (PTFE), polyether sulphone (PES), phenol-formaldehyde (PF), polyolefins, vinyl polymers, thermoplastic polyesters, polysulfones, poly(phenylene sulfide), etc. Polymers are the most rapidly growing sector of the materials industry. The Indian plastic industry has taken great strides. In the last few decades, the industry has grown to the status of a leading sector in the country with a sizable base. The material is gaining notable importance in different spheres of activity and the per capita consumption is increasing at a fast pace. Continuous advancements and developments in polymer technology, processing machineries, expertise, and cost effective manufacturing is fast replacing the typical materials in different segments with plastics. On the basis of value added, Indian share of plastic products industry is about 0.5% of national GDP. The major contents of the book are properties and applications of speciality plastics, thermoset plastics, applications of recycle plastics, introduction of polymer science, polymer additives, blends and composites, commodity thermoplastics and fibres etc. This book also consists of raw material suppliers for plastic and plastic products, manufacturers of plastic, processing machinery, plastics processing machinery and equipment (foreign), machinery and equipment for plastic converting, extruders and extrusion lines, injection moulding machines, presses and accessories, blow moulding and thermoforming machines etc. The book has been designed with the idea of blending and integrating basic polymer science and the technology of plastics into a composite structure. This book is an outcome of an endeavour in the direction of polymer and plastic processing. It would be of immense use to entrepreneurs, consultants, students and libraries etc.

Handbook of Polymer Blends and Composites

Author: A. K. Kulshreshtha
Publisher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
ISBN: 9781859572498
Format: PDF
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This handbook is part of a four volume handbook intended to provide an overview of the theory and application of polymer blends and composites. Practical and theoretical investigations are presented aimed at generating an understanding of the fundamental nature of polymer mixtures and composites and describing progress in the thermodynamics of mixing (both in solution and solid state) of binary and multi-component systems.

Introduction to Physical Polymer Science

Author: Leslie H. Sperling
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119103746
Format: PDF, ePub
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An Updated Edition of the Classic Text Polymers constitute the basis for the plastics, rubber, adhesives,fiber, and coating industries. The Fourth Edition of Introductionto Physical Polymer Science acknowledges the industrial success ofpolymers and the advancements made in the field while continuing todeliver the comprehensive introduction to polymer science that madeits predecessors classic texts. The Fourth Edition continues its coverage of amorphous andcrystalline materials, glass transitions, rubber elasticity, andmechanical behavior, and offers updated discussions of polymerblends, composites, and interfaces, as well as such basics asmolecular weight determination. Thus, interrelationships amongmolecular structure, morphology, and mechanical behavior ofpolymers continue to provide much of the value of the book. Newly introduced topics include: * Nanocomposites, including carbon nanotubes and exfoliatedmontmorillonite clays * The structure, motions, and functions of DNA and proteins, aswell as the interfaces of polymeric biomaterials with livingorganisms * The glass transition behavior of nano-thin plastic films In addition, new sections have been included on fire retardancy,friction and wear, optical tweezers, and more. Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, Fourth Edition providesboth an essential introduction to the field as well as an entrypoint to the latest research and developments in polymer scienceand engineering, making it an indispensable text for chemistry,chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, andpolymer science and engineering students and professionals.

Recycling of Polymers

Author: Raju Francis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527338489
Format: PDF, ePub
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This timely reference on the topic is the only book you need for a complete overview of recyclable polymers. Following an introduction to various polymer structures and their resulting properties, the main part of the book deals with different methods of recycling. It discusses in detail the recycling of such common polymers as polyethylene, polypropylene and PET, as well as rubbers, fibers, engineering polymers, polymer blends and composites. The whole is rounded off with a look at future technologies and the toxicological impact of recycled polymers. An indispensable reference source for those working in the field, whether in academia or industry, and whether newcomers or advanced readers.

Polymer Science Dictionary

Author: Mark Alger
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402408932
Format: PDF
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The 3rd edition of this important dictionary offers more than 12,000 entries with expanded encyclopaedic-style definitions making this major reference work invaluable to practitioners, researchers and students working in the area of polymer science and technology. This new edition now includes entries on computer simulation and modeling, surface and interfacial properties and their characterization, functional and smart polymers. New and controlled architectures of polymers, especially dendrimers and controlled radical polymerization are also covered.