Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012398467X
Format: PDF
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Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease documents antioxidant actions of polyphenols in protection of cells and cell organelles, critical for understanding their health-promoting actions to help the dietary supplement industry. The book begins by describing the fundamentals of absorption, metabolism and bioavailability of polyphenols, as well as the effect of microbes on polyphenol structure and function and toxicity. It then examines the role of polyphenols in the treatment of chronic disease, including vascular and cardiac health, obesity and diabetes therapy, cancer treatment and prevention, and more. Explores neuronal protection by polyphenol metabolites and their application to medical care Defines modulation of enzyme actions to help researchers see and study polyphenols’ mechanisms of action, leading to clinical applications Includes insights on polyphenols in brain and neurological functions to apply them to the wide range of aging diseases

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123984562
Format: PDF, Docs
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"Polyphenols are a unique group of phytochemicals that are present in all fruits, vegetables, and other plant products. They are classified according to their chemical structure, which contains multiple linked phenol groups and they have powerful antioxidant properties. There is a great variety of biological systems that can be positively modified by polyphenols in foods and dietary supplements. As the major focus on polyphenols is their biomodification of human physiology the functional mechanisms of action, positive or negative are critical. These can range from being antioxidants that concentrate in specific locations or cell types as protection to bioregulators of enzymes and DNA. Understanding the mechanisms of action, expecially protection from oxidative damage, is essential for researchers and physicians conducting clinical studies on the application of polyphenols to a wide variety of diseases and physiological dysfunctions."--

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780123984715
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"Polyphenols are a unique group of phytochemicals that are present in all fruits, vegetables, and other plant products. They are classified according to their chemical structure, which contains multiple linked phenol groups and they have powerful antioxidant properties. There is a great variety of biological systems that can be positively modified by polyphenols in foods and dietary supplements. As the major focus on polyphenols is their biomodification of human physiology the functional mechanisms of action, positive or negative are critical. These can range from being antioxidants that concentrate in specific locations or cell types as protection to bioregulators of enzymes and DNA. Understanding the mechanisms of action, expecially protection from oxidative damage, is essential for researchers and physicians conducting clinical studies on the application of polyphenols to a wide variety of diseases and physiological dysfunctions."--

Polyphenols

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128130063
Format: PDF, Docs
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Polyphenols are a unique group of phytochemicals that are present in all fruits, vegetables, and other plant products. They are a very diverse and multi-functional group of active plant compounds with powerful antioxidant properties. They exhibit remarkable chemical, biological and physiological properties, including antioxidant, cancer prevention, and cardio-protective activities. Mechanisms of Action of Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease, Second Edition, describes the mechanisms of polyphenol antioxidant activities and their use in disease prevention. Chapters highlight the anti-inflammatory activity of polyphenols on key dendritic cells, how they modulate and suppress inflammation, and how they are inactivated or activated by metabolism in the gut and circulating blood. Polyphenols have proven effective for key health benefits, including bone health, organ health, cardiac and vascular conditions, absorption and metabolism, and cancer and diseases of the immune system. Expands coverage on green tea, cocoa, wine, cumin and herbs Outlines chemical properties, bioavailability and metabolomics of polyphenols to understand their antioxidant mechanisms Provides a self-teaching guide to learn the mechanisms of action and health benefits of polyphenols

Diet Microbe Interactions in the Gut

Author: Kieran Tuohy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124079415
Format: PDF, Docs
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Drawing on expert opinions from the fields of nutrition, gut microbiology, mammalian physiology, and immunology, Diet-Microbe Interactions for Human Health investigates the evidence for a unified disease mechanism working through the gut and its resident microbiota, and linking many inflammation-related chronic diet associated diseases. State of the art post-genomic studies can highlight the important role played by our resident intestinal microbiota in determining human health and disease. Many chronic human diseases associated with modern lifestyles and diets — including those localized to the intestinal tract like inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease, and more pervasive systemic conditions such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease — are characterized by aberrant profiles of gut bacteria or their metabolites. Many of these diseases have an inflammatory basis, often presenting with a chronic low-grade systemic inflammation, hinting at persistent and inappropriate activation of inflammatory pathways. Through the presentation and analysis of recent nutrition studies, this book discusses the possible mechanisms underpinning the disease processes associated with these pathologies, with high fat diets appearing to predispose to disease, and biologically active plant components, mainly fiber and polyphenols, appearing to reduce the risk of chronic disease development. One comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of nutrition and diet's effect on gastrointestinal health and disease Experts in nutrition, diet, microbiology and immunology take readers from the bench research (cellular and biochemical mechanisms of vitamins and nutrients) to new preventive and therapeutic approaches Clear presentations by leading researchers of the cellular mechanisms underlying diet, immune response, and gastrointestinal disease help practicing nutritionists and clinicians (gastroenterologists, endocrinologists) map out new areas for clinical research and structuring clinical recommendations

Antioxidant Food Supplements in Human Health

Author: Lester Packer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080527284
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Antioxidant Food Supplements in Human Health discusses new discoveries in the areas of oxygen and nitric oxide metabolism and pathophysiology, redox regulation and cell signaling, and the identification of natural antioxidants and their mechanisms of action on free radicals and their role in health and disease. An essential resource for researchers, students, and professionals in food science and nutrition, gerontology, physiology, pharmacology, and related areas. Health effects of antioxidant nutrients Nutrients of vitamins C and E, selenium, alpha-lipoic acid, coenzyme Q10, carotenoids, and flavonoids Natural source antioxidants, including pine bark, ginko biloba, wine, herbs,uyaku, and carica papaya

Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods in Human Health and Disease Prevention

Author: Debasis Bagchi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482237229
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Functional foods and nutraceuticals, dietary supplements, and natural antioxidants have established their potential roles in the protection of human health against disease. Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods in Human Health and Disease Prevention examines the benefits, efficacy, and success of properly designed nutraceuticals and functional foods in human health and their possible application in disease prevention. The book demonstrates diverse disease pathophysiology and how nutraceuticals and functional food can be used to combat and prevent disease. The book discusses global food habits and trends, safety and toxicology, and how food addiction or overindulgence of food can lead to a variety of disease states. It then highlights how supplements help in disease prevention. Although a significant number of nutraceuticals and functional foods have demonstrated their efficacy, a large number of supplements are still surviving on false claims. Therefore, the editors underscore risks and benefits, and why government regulatory agencies are so critical of these nutraceutical supplements. With the global nutraceuticals market expected to reach $204.8 billion by 2017, what once seemed a very niche sector has become big business. An overview of nutraceuticals and functional foods and their application in human health, this book exhaustively covers antioxidants, functional foods, and nutraceuticals in human health and disease prevention. With contributions from experts and pioneers, the book gives insight into the role of functional foods in optimal diet and exercise.

Coffee in Health and Disease Prevention

Author: Victor R. Preedy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124167160
Format: PDF
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Coffee in Health and Disease Prevention presents a comprehensive look at the compounds in coffee, their reported benefits (or toxicity risks) and also explores them on a health-condition specific level, providing researchers and academics with a single-volume resource to help in identifying potential treatment uses. No other book on the market considers all the varieties of coffee in one volume, or takes the disease-focused approach that will assist in directing further research and studies. The book embraces a holistic approach and effectively investigates coffee and its specific compounds from the biochemical to the nutritional well-being of geographical populations. This book represents essential reading for researchers in nutrition, dietetics, food science, biochemistry, and public health. Presents one comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of how coffee plays a role in disease prevention and health Experts in nutrition, diet, and food chemistry (from all areas of academic and medical research) take readers from the bench research (cellular and biochemical mechanisms of vitamins and nutrients) to new preventive and therapeutic approaches Focuses on coffee composition; nutritional aspects of coffee; protective aspects of coffee-related compounds; specific coffee components and their effects on tissue and organ systems Features sections on both the general effects of coffee consumption on the body as well as the effects of specific coffee compounds on specific organ systems

Phytochemicals in Health and Disease

Author: Yongping Bao
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203021408
Format: PDF, Docs
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"... well-written and the content is clearly presented. ... There are plentiful figures and tables, which are effectively labeled and adequately support the content. ...highly recommended for academic and special libraries. ...effectively presents current research on phytochemicals in a readable manner." - E-Streams "This landmark volume shows how far the field has advanced ... . This important volume is filled with reports on what the editors term as the 'new era' in the study of phytochemicals, in which we move from the 'eat more vegetable and fruit' admonition to more detailed information on the biology, molecular biology, regulatory function, and role in human health of phytochemicals. ... All workers in phytochemicals should get themselves a copy of this valuable book."

Tea in Health and Disease Prevention

Author: Victor R. Preedy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123849373
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Examines the benefits of tea and its components, ranging from the anti-microbial to the anti-oxidant. Components such as catechins, theaflavins, polysaccharides, and others have been isolated and may have putative protective effects and modulate the biochemistry of a variety of cell types. 128 chapters explore improvements in the cardiovascular system, the brain, and other organs, and looks at possible applications in other disease areas --