Pornography and The Criminal Justice System

Author: Carmen M. Cusack
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482260026
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume assembles hundreds of cases and studies to provide the most accurate and comprehensive picture of the status of pornography in the criminal justice system. Presenting high-level research in an accessible and organized manner, it explores a range of topics, including investigating and prosecuting a case, arguments favoring and opposing decriminalization of pornography, and relationships between pornography, mental disorders, and crime. It also examines criminal justice responses and international laws, policies, attitudes, and definitions of pornography in comparison to those of the United States.

Child Pornography

Author: Ian O'Donnell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135846359
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book explores the enduring appeal of child pornography and its ramifications for criminal justice systems around the world. It is based on an extensive review of academic literature and newspaper coverage, a trawl of websites frequented by those with a sexual interest in children, a survey of how police investigate these offences, examination of prosecutors' decisions, and interviews with judges. It provides a framework for understanding the contemporary nature of this problem, especially the harms it causes, its intimate relationship with new technologies and the challenges it poses to law enforcement authorities. The internet plays a pivotal role. Its sheer size, the anarchic way it grows, the lack of any boundaries to its expansion and its disregard for national borders make it a legal environment without parallel. An unwavering focus on the threat of sexual abuse has contributed to the emergence of a context where routine dealings with children are viewed through a 'paedophilic' lens. This can have the unfortunate consequence of distracting attention from more urgent concerns (such as poverty and neglect), which make children vulnerable to sexual exploitation. In this way an emphasis on the sexualisation of children could be said to aggravate the problem that it sets out to address. The book: provides a comprehensive analysis of child pornography issues in all of their complexity, including legal, psychological, criminal justice and social perspectives. presents significant volume of original empirical data gathered from police, prosecutors and judges. includes new qualitative and quantitative information set against a background of shifting international developments. The analysis is explicitly comparative. draws on a variety of sources including support groups for paedophiles, newspaper coverage of court cases involving child pornography, victim testimony and police operations.

Caught in the Web of the Criminal Justice System

Author: Lawrence A. Dubin, J.D.
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
ISBN: 1784502987
Format: PDF, ePub
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Increasing numbers of people with autism and other developmental disabilities are being convicted of sex offences, resulting in draconian and public punishment. Yet even when evidence shows that people with these conditions often pose little threat to society, or lack a core understanding as to why their actions break the law, the "sex offender legal regime" doesn't allow any room to take the disability into account. This ground-breaking book offers a multi-disciplinary examination of how unjust sex offense laws trap vulnerable groups such as those with developmental disabilities. Drawing on research, empirical evidence and including case studies, experts from the fields of law, ethics, psychology and sociology explore what steps should be taken in order to ensure that laws are just and take into consideration factors such as the vulnerability of the perpetrators. Investigating the consequences caused by public hysteria over sex offenses, this book highlights the judicial failure to protect defendants with developmental disabilities in the context of the unjust and hyper-punishment of all those charged with sex offenses. Proposing a new way forward based on research and evidence-based sentencing for sex offenses, and elimination of the sex offender registry, this book offers an informed and compassionate view that is essential for all professionals working in this field.

The Impact of Pornography Upon Selected Segments of the Criminal Justice System in Los Angeles California

Author: William H. Gailey
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"The current study focused upon the permissive attitude of society toward obscenity, the proliferation of obscene matter attracting organized crime factions, and the impact of each upon selected segments of the criminal justice system in Los Angeles. The purpose of this study was to examine and describe the impact of pornography and identified organized crime factions upon the criminal justice system in Los Angeles. Additionally, this study will deal with examining, describing, and evaluating the perplexing problems encountered by law enforcement created by what appears to be archaic ineffective obscenity statutes, reluctant City Attorney prosecutorial staff, purported public apathy and their subsequent relationship to society at large"--from introduction.

Sex Crimes

Author: Ronald B. Flowers
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
ISBN: 0398076782
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book presents a comprehensive criminological and sociological examination of sex criminality in America. The book focuses on the nature, characteristics, dimensions, and ramifications of sex criminality in the United States. It addresses the crimes of sexual murder, rape, incest, child molestation, pornography and sex crimes, sex trafficking, sexual abuse and paraphilias, and prostitution. It presents theories on sex crimes and criminals and it examines sex crime laws and the response of the criminal justice system. The book is comprised of seven parts. Part I focuses on sex-related homicides, discussing different types of sexual murders and their characteristics. Part II addresses rape crime, including forcible rape; marital rape; date and acquaintance rape; and female, same sex, and statutory rape. These chapters include discussions of the nature and characteristics of these crimes along with a consideration of theories used to explain why they are committed. Part III offers research on incestuous crimes, including father-daughter incest, mother-child incest, and other intrafamilial sexual abuse crimes. The nature of incest is discussed along with definitions and characteristics of the crimes. Part IV focuses on the sexual predatory crimes of child molestation, pornography and sex crime, sex trafficking, and other sexual abuse and paraphilias. The incidences of these crimes are considered along with theories that explain why they occur. Other types of sexual predatory crimes discussed in part IV include the paraphilias of exhibitionism, voyeurism, bestiality, coprolagnia, and ritual sex abuse. Part V explores prostitution crimes, such as women's prostitution, girl prostitution, and male prostitution. The prevalence and motivation for entry into prostitution are considered along with the dynamics and characteristics of each type of prostitution. Part VI examines the major theories explaining sex crimes and criminals, including biological theories, social learning theory, and personality-disorder theories. Part VII closes the book with an examination of the criminal justice response to sex offenders.

Animals and Criminal Justice

Author: Carmen M. Cusack
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412856159
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Mahatma Gandhi said, “The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.” Since civil societies are ruled by law, they can be evaluated, both figuratively and literally, by how animals are treated in the criminal justice system. This book depicts animals’ roles within society and the laws that govern how humans treat them. Carmen M. Cusack focuses on current issues in human-animal relationships and how these are affected by the criminal justice system. Her analysis, while objective, is rooted in firsthand activist, professional, legal, and criminal justice experience. She presents a comprehensive overview of the place of animals and the law, including pets in prison, K-9 units, constitutional rights, animal sacrifice, wild animals, entertainment, domestic violence, rehabilitation, history, and religion. She includes information about law, behavioral and social science, systemic responses and procedure, anecdotal evidence, current events, and theoretical considerations. Animals and Criminal Justice is a useful handbook and a thorough textbook, as well as a practical guide to animals’ relationships with the criminal justice system. Professionals, including police, child protective services, judges, animal control officers, and corrections staff, as well as scholars in the fields of criminal justice and criminology will find this book invaluable.

Violence against Women in Pornography

Author: Walter DeKeseredy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317313429
Format: PDF
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Violence against Women in Pornography illuminates the ways in which adult pornography hurts many women, both on and off screen. A growing body of social scientific knowledge shows that it is strongly associated with various types of violence against women in intimate relationships. Many women who try to leave abusive and/or patriarchal men also report that pornography plays a role in the abuse inflicted on them by their ex-partners. On top of these harms, male pornography consumption is strongly correlated with attitudes supporting violence against women. Many researchers, practitioners, and policy makers believe that adult pornography is a major problem and offer substantial evidence supporting this claim. Violence against Women in Pornography, unlike books written mainly for scholarly and general audiences, specifically targets students enrolled in undergraduate criminology, deviance, women’s studies, masculinities studies, human sexuality, and media studies courses. Thoughtful discussion questions are placed at the end of each chapter, and appropriate PowerPoint slides and suggestions for classroom exercises will be available to aid student understanding. The main objective of this book is to motivate readers to think critically about adult pornography and to take progressive steps individually and collectively to curb the production and consumption of hurtful sexual media, including that from the "dark side of the Internet."

Sexual Assault

Author: Frances P. Reddington
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781611635577
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Revised edition of Sexual assault, c2009.

Refining Child Pornography Law

Author: Carissa B Hessick
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472119761
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The legal definition of child pornography is, at best, unclear. In part because of this ambiguity and in part because of the nature of the crime itself, the prosecution and sentencing of perpetrators, the protection of and restitution for victims, and the means for preventing repeat offenses are deeply controversial. In Refining Child Pornography Law, experts in law, sociology, and social work examine child pornography law and its consequences in an effort to clarify the questions and begin to formulate answers. Focusing on the roles of language and crime definition, the contributors discuss the increasing visibility child pornography plays in the national conversation about child safety, and present a range of views regarding the punishment of those who produce, distribute, and possess materials that may be considered child pornography.