Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Author: J. Douglas Bremner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111835611X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: From Neurobiology to Treatment presents a comprehensive look at this key neuropsychiatric disorder. The text examines the neurobiological basis of post-traumatic stress and how our understanding of the basic elements of the disease have informed and been translated into new and existing treatment options. The book begins with a section on animal models in posttraumatic stress disorder research, which has served as the basis of much of our neurobiological information. Chapters then delve into applications of the clinical neuroscience of posttraumatic stress disorder. The final part of the books explores treatments and how our basic and clinical research is now being converted into treatment. Taking a unique basic science to translational intervention approach, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: From Neurobiology to Treatment is an invaluable resource for researchers, students and clinicians dealing with this complex disorder.

Neurobiology of PTSD

Author: Israel Liberzon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190215429
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Neurobiology of PTSD outlines the basic neural mechanisms that mediate complex responses and adaptations to psychological trauma, describing how these biological processes are impaired in individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Throughout three comprehensive sections, expert authors present detailed analysis of the neural circuitry of emotion, biological findings in post-traumatic stress disorder, and neuroscience informed treatment and prevention. This book is a foundational resource for psychiatrists, neuroscientists, psychologists, and allied health professionals.

Traumatic Dissociation

Author: Eric Vermetten
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 9781585627141
Format: PDF
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Traumatic Dissociation: Neurobiology and Treatment offers an advanced introduction to this symptom, process, and pattern of personality organization seen in several trauma-related disorders, including acute stress disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and the dissociative disorders. Our understanding of traumatic dissociation has recently been advanced by neuroimaging technology, empirically-based investigation, and an acknowledgment of its importance in psychopathology. The authors of this volume tie these findings together, tracking the condition from its earliest historical conceptualization to its most recent neurobiological understanding to provide even greater insight into traumatic dissociation and its treatment. Bringing together for the first time theoretical, cognitive, and neurobiological perspectives on traumatic dissociation, this volume is designed to provide both empirical and therapeutic insights by drawing on the work of many of the main contributors to the field. Opening chapters examine historical, conceptual, and theoretical issues and how other fields, such as cognitive psychology, have been applied to the study of traumatic dissociation. The following section focuses specifically on how neurobiological investigations have deepened our understanding of dissociation and concluding chapters explore issues pertinent to the assessment and treatment of traumatic dissociation. The interacting effects of traumatic experience, developmental history, neurobiological function, and specific vulnerabilities to dissociative processes that underlie the occurrence of traumatic dissociation are among some of the key issues covered. The book's significant contributions include A review of cognitive experimental findings on attention and memory functioning in dissociative identity disorder An appreciation of how the literature on hypnosis provides a greater understanding of perceptual processing and traumatic stress Ascertaining symptoms of dissociation in a military setting and in other situations of extreme stress An outline of key issues for planning assessment of traumatic dissociation, including a critique of its primary empirically supported standardized measures An examination of the association between child abuse or neglect and the development of eating disorders, suggesting ways to therapeutically deal with negative body experience to reduce events that trigger dissociation A description of neuroendocrine alterations associated with stress, pointing toward a better understanding of the developmental effects of deprivation and trauma on PTSD and dissociation A review of the relation of attachment and dissociation A discussion of new research findings in the neuroimaging of dissociation and a link between cerebellar functioning and specific peritraumatic experiences Useful as a clinical reference or as ancillary textbook, Traumatic Dissociation reorganizes phenomenological observations that have been overlooked, misunderstood, or neglected in traditional training. The research and clinical experience described here will provide the basis for further clinical and theoretical formulations of traumatic dissociation and will advance empirical examination and treatment of the phenomenon.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Author: Julian D Ford
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128014393
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This comprehensive overview of research and clinical practice in PTSD includes new insights into assessment with regard to DSM-5 and ICD-11, discussion of ongoing controversies in the field as to what constitutes safe and effective care, and new research as to assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of PTSD. The second edition includes new coverage of the neurobiology of PTSD, PTSD in special populations, and forensic issues relating to PTSD. Synthesizes research and clinical developments on PTSD Highlights key controversies, issues, and developments in the field Provides case studies for better understanding of clinical care Encompasses DSM-5 and ICD-11 major revisions to PTSD symptoms Includes new coverage of neurobiology and genetics of PTSD Includes advances in prevention and treatment of PTSD Includes new coverage of forensic issues related to PTSD

Neurobiology of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Author: Leo Sher
Publisher: Nova Biomedical
ISBN: 9781614705932
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a common and severe psychiatric disorder precipitated by exposure to a psychologically distressing event. PTSD is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and is characterised by the presence of three distinct, but co-occurring, symptom clusters. Research evidence suggests that PTSD has a neurobiological basis. Current research on the neurobiology of PTSD include the utilisation of functional brain imaging; molecular genetic research; and, the incorporation of cross-system research including neuroendocrine, neurochemical, and neuroimmunological systems. This book examines the neurobiological basis of PTSD and the future research goals in regards to these findings.

Therapist s Guide to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Intervention

Author: Sharon L. Johnson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080889658
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Sharon Johnson is the author of the best selling Therapist's Guide to Clinical Intervention now in its second edition. In this new book on PTSD, she lends her practical outline format to understanding PTSD assessment, treatment planning, and intervention. The book begins with a summary information on PTSD definition, and prevalence, assessment, and the evidence basis behind different treatment options. The book offers adjunctive skill building resources to supplement traditional therapy choices as well as forms for use in clinical practice. This clinician's guide to diagnosing and treating PTSD is written in a concise format with much of the material in outline or bullet point format, allowing easy understanding of complex material for the busy therapist. The book includes a definition of the disorder, diagnostic criteria, the neurobiology of the disorder, tools and information for diagnosing clients, information on functional impairment, interventions, treatment planning, skill building, and additional clinician resources. * Outlines treatment goals and objectives for DSM-IV PTSD diagnosis * Discusses interventions and the evidence basis for each * Offers skill building resources to supplement treatment * Provides business and clinical forms for use with PTSD patients

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Author: Peter Shiromani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781603273299
Format: PDF
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Post-traumatic stress disorder is a psychiatric illness that can occur in anyone who has experienced a life-threatening or violent event. The trauma can be due to war, terrorism, torture, natural disasters, violence, or rape. In PTSD the brain areas that are likely to be affected are the hippocampus (memory), amygdala (fear association), the prefrontal cortex (cognitive processing), and the ascending reticular activating system (arousal). The chemical of interest is norepinephrine, which is released during a stressful event and is part of the fight-or-flight response meant to mobilize the body to action.The objective of this title is to outline the neurobiology of post-traumatic stress disorder and provide treatment strategies for clinicians. The chapter material from this book has evolved from a seminar on PTSD held recently under the auspices of the VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston University Medical Center and Harvard Medical School. We propose a book that will focus on the epidemiology, neurobiology, MRI studies, animal models, arousal and sleep issues, clinical trials, and treatment strategies for clinicians. Treatment will cover such topics as guidelines for treating posttraumatic stress disorder, PTSD and the use of mental health services, cognitive intervention therapy, and large scale clinical trials in PTSD. This collection will be a vital source of information to clinicians and neuroscientists.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Author: C. B. Scrignar
Publisher: Bruno Gmuender Gmbh
ISBN: 9780945032069
Format: PDF
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For therapists, forensic clinicians, & lawyers, the third edition reviews the 1994 DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for PTSD & the "Traumatic Principle," examines the latest treatment approaches for PTSD, & evaluates PTSD in personal injury lawsuits & criminal cases. Suggestions for a comprehensive treatment program based on biological, behavioral, & psychosocial theory includes components of pharmacotherapy, cognitive-behavioral, & psychosocial therapy. Whether the victim suffers from an accident, criminal (including sexual) assault, exposure to toxic substances, war, or natural or man-made disasters, quick intervention with a multidisciplinary treatment approach offers the best chance for recovery. Dr. Scrignar, a forensic psychiatrist, educator, & author shares his experiences extending over 35-years of evaluating, treating, & testifying as an expert witness with PTSD patients. Plaintiff & defense attorneys along with forensic clinicians will find the seven chapters on legal issues & PTSD informative & pertinent: Forensic Evaluation, Workers' Compensation, Personal Injury Litigation, The Expert Witness, The Plaintiff & PTSD, The Defense & PTSD, & Criminal Issues. Dr. Scrignar draws from his experiences with cases from the perspective of both the plaintiff & defense to show how the concept of PTSD can be creatively & responsibly applied to civil & criminal law.

Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations

Author: Committee on the Assessment of Ongoing Effects in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309254213
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Prior to the military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, wars and conflicts have been characterized by such injuries as infectious diseases and catastrophic gunshot wounds. However, the signature injuries sustained by United States military personnel in these most recent conflicts are blast wounds and the psychiatric consequences to combat, particularly posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which affects an estimated 13 to 20 percent of U.S. service members who have fought in Iraq or Afghanistan since 2001. PTSD is triggered by a specific traumatic event - including combat - which leads to symptoms such as persistent re-experiencing of the event; emotional numbing or avoidance of thoughts, feelings, conversations, or places associated with the trauma; and hyperarousal, such as exaggerated startle responses or difficulty concentrating. As the U.S. reduces its military involvement in the Middle East, the Departments of Defense (DoD) and Veterans Affairs (VA) anticipate that increasing numbers of returning veterans will need PTSD services. As a result, Congress asked the DoD, in consultation with the VA, to sponsor an IOM study to assess both departments' PTSD treatment programs and services. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment is the first of two mandated reports examines some of the available programs to prevent, diagnose, treat, and rehabilitate those who have PTSD and encourages further research that can help to improve PTSD care.