Poverty and Devotion in Mendicant Cultures 1200 1450

Author: Constant J Mews
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317077083
Format: PDF
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Ever since the time of Francis of Assisi, a commitment to voluntary poverty has been a controversial aspect of religious life. This volume explores the interaction between poverty and religious devotion in the mendicant orders between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries. While poverty has often been perceived more as a Franciscan than as a Dominican emphasis, this volume considers its role within a broader movement of evangelical renewal associated with the mendicant transformation of religious life. At a time of increased economic prosperity, reformers within the Church sought new ways of encouraging identification with the person of Christ. This volume considers the paradoxical tension between voluntary poverty as a way of emulating Christ and involuntary poverty as situation demanding a response from those with the means to help the poor. Drawing on history, literature and visual arts, it explores how the mendicant orders continued to transform religious life into the time of the renaissance. The papers in this volume are organised under three headings, prefaced with an introductory essay by the editors: Poverty and the Rule of Francis, exploring the interpretation of poverty in the Franciscan Order; Devotional Cultures, considering aspects of devotional life fostered by mendicant religious communities, Franciscan, Augustinian and Dominican; Preaching Poverty, on the way poverty was promoted and practiced within the Dominican Order in the later Middle Ages and Renaissance.

John of Rupescissa s VADE MECUM IN TRIBULACIONE 1356

Author: Matthias Kaup
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317110501
Format: PDF
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The VADE MECUM IN TRIBULACIONE was meant as an eschatological manual for the thirteen catastrophic years between its composition in December 1356 and the Thousand-Year Reign of Christ expected to begin in 1370. This manual, permeated by passion for clerical reform, was intended to give righteous Christians practical and spiritual advice on how to survive this period of tribulation. Likewise, it aimed to inform them about what to expect from the envoys of Satan, the Western and the Eastern Antichrists, but also from Christ’s warriors, the papal restorer and his secular assistant, the French-Roman Emperor. Moreover, it offered a brief outline of Christ’s Thousand-Year Reign and of Armageddon. The VADE MECUM was written by John of Rupescissa OFM (c. 1310-1366), the most prolific apocalyptic author of the Middle Ages, as the central work of in all three manuals designed to prepare Christendom for the impending crises. As a completely new text type and summary of the late Rupescissa’s doctrines, this eschatological manual fascinated numerous readers in the Late Middle Ages, who copied, reworked and translated it and made it thus a pivotal text of medieval apocalypticism: ten versions of the Latin VADE MECUM in more than forty manuscripts have come down to us. Rupescissa’s eschatological manual is his last known and most widely distributed work; the present study provides an annotated critical edition equipped with an English translation. It inducts in the manual’s contents, places them in the context of Rupescissa’s work and medieval prophetic literature, investigates important aspects of its reception and clarifies the relationships between its different versions. Furthermore, it ends with a critical edition of the VENI MECUM IN TRIBULACIONE, the most influential compendious version of the VADE MECUM. Thus this book offers an indispensable fundamental contribution to the flourishing studies of Rupescissa and medieval apocalypticism.

Pope Innocent II 1130 43

Author: John Doran
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317078314
Format: PDF
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The pontificate of Innocent II (1130-1143) has long been recognized as a watershed in the history of the papacy, marking the transition from the age of reform to the so-called papal monarchy, when an earlier generation of idealistic reformers gave way to hard-headed pragmatists intent on securing worldly power for the Church. Whilst such a conception may be a cliché its effect has been to concentrate scholarship more on the schism of 1130 and its effects than on Innocent II himself. This volume puts Innocent at the centre, bringing together the authorities in the field to give an overarching view of his pontificate, which was very important in terms of the internationalization of the papacy, the internal development of the Roman Curia, the integrity of the papal state and the governance of the local church, as well as vital to the development of the Kingdom of Sicily and the Empire.

Chteau Gaillard Etudes de Castellogie M Di vale 19 Colloque de Graz 1998

Author:
Publisher: Publications du CRAHM
ISBN: 9782902685097
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Thirty-seven papers from the Acts of the International Colloquium held in Graz (Austria) in 1998, a biennial meeting of scholars studying medieval castles. This volume contains a wide range of studies of castles in Sweden, Belgium, France, England, Scotland, Germany, the Netherlands and Syria, including descriptions of particular sites and their fortifications, histories of war, capture and conquest, and the role of castles within their historical context. Papers in French, German and English.

Female vita religiosa between Late Antiquity and the High Middle Ages

Author: Anne Müller
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643901240
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book considers the development of female religious life between Late Antiquity and the High Middle Ages. It is the first general study to address this earlier period. Chapters range widely over major themes associated with spiritual ideas and social functions, normative structures and spatial organization, forms of communal life, economic foundations, and social relationships. Along with these, "evolutionary" aspects - including charismatic beginnings and the activity of founders in relation to institutionalization, but also the effects of crises, reformation, and transformation - are examined in chronologically-broad and geographically-diverse settings, based on the analysis of significant phenomena and examples. The book provides a comparative approach, which will allow a better understanding of the dynamics, complexities, and differentiations in women's religious life, as well as their cultural importance and - in relation to the male religious - occasionally ambivalent status. (Series: Vita regularis - Ordnungen und Deutungen religiosen Lebens im Mittelalter. Abhandlungen - Vol. 47)