Poverty Growth and Inequality in Sub Saharan Africa

Author: Mr. Daouda Sembene
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1513592556
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have shown strong signs of growth resilience in the aftermath of the recent global crisis. Yet, this paper finds evidence that growth has more than proportionately benefited the top quintile during PRSP implementation. It finds that PRSP implementation has neither reduced poverty headcount nor raised the income share of the poorest quintile in Sub-Saharan Africa. While countries in other regions have been more successful in reducing poverty and increasing the income share of the poor, there is no conclusive evidence that PRSP implementation has played a role in shaping these outcomes.

Growth and Poverty in Sub Saharan Africa

Author: Channing Arndt
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019874479X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
While the economic growth renaissance in sub-Saharan Africa is widely recognized, much less is known about progress in living conditions. This book comprehensively evaluates trends in living conditions in 16 major sub-Saharan African countries, corresponding to nearly 75% of the total population. It shows how some countries have seen little economic growth and progress for the poor whilst others have made impressive progress in key non-monetary indicators ofwellbeing.

Inequality in Africa

Author: E. Wayne Nafziger
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521317030
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
This 1988 analysis shows how the colonial legacy, the contemporary global economic system, and the ruling elites' policies of co-opting labour, favouring urban areas, distributing benefits communally, and spending on education to maintain inter-generational class exacerbate discrepancies between regions, urban and rural areas, and bourgeoisie and workers, even under 'African socialism'.

Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub Saharan Africa

Author: Andrew McKay
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019872845X
Format: PDF
Download Now
While Sub-Saharan Africa has undergone an important growth recovery, of more interest is the impact of this on the conditions of those living on the continent. This book reviews many of the issues, which are particularly important in making economic growth more effective in reducing poverty. These include the extent to which agriculture, especially small-scale agriculture, shares in this growth; the extent of employment creation associated with growth; the natureof industrialization accompanying growth; and the impact of globalization. The volume surveys the risks and opportunities in each of these areas, with a view to understanding how growth can beassociated with a better record of poverty reduction.

Do African Children Have an Equal Chance

Author: Andrew Dabalen
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464803323
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Early access to education, health services, safe water, and nutritious food improve the chances of a fruitful life. This book highlights the significant progress Sub-Saharan African countries have made in the past decades and the challenges that remain in ending extreme poverty and laying the foundations for shared prosperity.

Gender Growth and Poverty Reduction

Author: C. Mark Blackden
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Annotation Comparison between Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and East Asia indicates that gender inequality in education and employment is estimated to have reduced SSA's per capita growth in the 1960-92 period by 0.8 percentage points per year. Therefore reducing gender-based asset inequality in SSA is an important development goal. This report documents the structural role of men and women in African economies and examines the linkages between the market and the household. It makes a convincing case that reducing gender inequality would increase growth, efficiency, and welfare. The authors make key recommendations for public policy intervention in the areas of participation, investment in the household economy, investment in human capital, support for rural livelihood strategies, and engendering statistics and poverty monitoring.

Poverty in a Rising Africa

Author: Kathleen Beegle
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781464807237
Format: PDF
Download Now
Perceptions of Africa have changed dramatically. Viewed as a continent of wars, famines and entrenched poverty in the late 1990s, there is now a focus on "Africa rising" and an "African 21st century." Two decades of unprecedented economic growth in Africa should have brought substantial improvements in well-being. Whether or not they did, remains unclear given the poor quality of the data, the nature of the growth process (especially the role of natural resources), conflicts that affect part of the region, and high population growth. Poverty in a Rising Africa documents the data challenges and systematically reviews the evidence on poverty from monetary and nonmonetary perspectives, as well as a focus on dimensions of inequality. Chapter 1 maps out the availability and quality of the data needed to track monetary poverty, reflects on the governance and political processes that underpin the current situation with respect to data production, and describes some approaches to addressing the data gaps. Chapter 2 evaluates the robustness of the estimates of poverty in Africa. It concludes that poverty reduction in Africa may be slightly greater than traditional estimates suggest, although even the most optimistic estimates of poverty reduction imply that more people lived in poverty in 2012 than in 1990. A broad-stroke profile of poverty and trends in poverty in the region is presented. Chapter 3 broadens the view of poverty by considering nonmonetary dimensions of well-being, such as education, health, and freedom, using Sen's (1985) capabilities and functioning approach. While progress has been made in a number of these areas, levels remain stubbornly low. Chapter 4 reviews the evidence on inequality in Africa. It looks not only at patterns of monetary inequality in Africa but also other dimensions, including inequality of opportunity, intergenerational mobility in occupation and education, and extreme wealth in Africa.

African Poverty at the Millennium

Author: Howard White
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821348673
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
This explores the complex nature of poverty in Africa. It identifies its political and social causes and assesses the impact of recent economic growth on the welfare of poor people. To permanently reduce poverty, it calls for realistic, home-grown policy initiative, governmental commitment, a realignment of the donor community's role, and the development of institutional structures, such as poverty monitoring systems, that can hold the governments accountable.

Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2016

Author: World Bank Group
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464809798
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2016 is the first of an annual flagship report that will inform a global audience comprising development practitioners, policy makers, researchers, advocates, and citizens in general with the latest and most accurate estimates on trends in global poverty and shared prosperity. This edition will also document trends in inequality and identify recent country experiences that have been successful in reducing inequalities, provide key lessons from those experiences, and synthesize the rigorous evidence on public policies that can shift inequality in a way that bolsters poverty reduction and shared prosperity in a sustainable manner. Specifically, the report will address the following questions: • What is the latest evidence on the levels and evolution of extreme poverty and shared prosperity? • Which countries and regions have been more successful in terms of progress toward the twin goals and which are lagging behind? • What does the global context of lower economic growth mean for achieving the twin goals? • How can inequality reduction contribute to achieving the twin goals? • What does the evidence show concerning global and between- and within-country inequality trends? • Which interventions and countries have used the most innovative approaches to achieving the twin goals through reductions in inequality? The report will make four main contributions. First, it will present the most recent numbers on poverty, shared prosperity, and inequality. Second, it will stress the importance of inequality reduction in ending poverty and boosting shared prosperity by 2030 in a context of weaker growth. Third, it will highlight the diversity of within-country inequality reduction experiences and will synthesize experiences of successful countries and policies, addressing the roots of inequality without compromising economic growth. In doing so, the report will shatter some myths and sharpen our knowledge of what works in reducing inequalities. Finally, it will also advocate for the need to expand and improve data collection—for example, data availability, comparability, and quality—and rigorous evidence on inequality impacts in order to deliver high-quality poverty and shared prosperity monitoring.