Practical Panarchy for Adaptive Water Governance

Author: Barbara Cosens
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331972472X
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book presents the results of an interdisciplinary project that examined how law, policy and ecological dynamics influence the governance of regional scale water based social-ecological systems in the United States and Australia. The volume explores the obstacles and opportunities for governance that is capable of management, adaptation, and transformation in these regional social-ecological systems as they respond to accelerating environmental change. With the onset of the Anthropocene, global and regional changes in biophysical inputs to these systems will challenge their capacity to respond while maintaining functions of water supply, flood control, hydropower production, water quality, and biodiversity. Governance lies at the heart of the capacity of these systems to meet these challenges. Assessment of water basins in the United States and Australia indicates that state-centric governance of these complex and dynamic social-environmental systems is evolving to a more complex, diverse, and complex array public and private arrangements. In this process, three challenges emerge for water governance to become adaptive to environmental change. First, is the need for legal reform to remove barriers to adaptive governance by authorizing government agencies to prepare for windows of opportunity through adaptive planning, and to institutionalize the results of innovative solutions that arise once a window opens. Second, is the need for legal reform to give government agencies the authority to facilitate and participate in adaptive management and governance. This must be accompanied by parallel legal reform to assure that engagement of private and economic actors and the increase in governmental flexibility does not destabilize basin economies or come at the expense of legitimacy, accountability, equity, and justice. Third, development of means to continually assess thresholds and resilience of social-ecological systems and the adaptive capacity of their current governance to structure actions at multiple scales. The massive investment in water infrastructure on the river basins studied has improved the agricultural, urban and economic sectors, largely at the cost of other social and environmental values. Today the infrastructure is aging and in need of substantial investment for those benefits to continue and adapt to ongoing environmental changes. The renewal of institutions and heavily engineered water systems also presents the opportunity to modernize these systems to address inequity and align with the values and objectives of the 21st century. Creative approaches are needed to transform and modernize water governance that increases the capacity of these water-based social-ecological systems to innovate, adapt, and learn, will provide the tools needed to navigate an uncertain future.

Social Ecological Resilience and Law

Author: Ahjond S. Garmestani
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231160585
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Environmental law envisions ecological systems as existing in an equilibrium state, or a “balance of nature,” reinforcing a rigid legal framework unable to absorb rapid environmental changes and innovations in sustainability. For the past three decades, “resilience theory,” which embraces uncertainty and nonlinear dynamics in complex adaptive systems, has shown itself to be a robust and invaluable basis for sound environmental management. Reforming American law to account for this knowledge is key to transitioning to sustainability. This volume features top legal and resilience scholars speaking on resilience theory and its legal applications to climate change, biodiversity, national parks, and water law.

Law and the Management of Disasters

Author: Alexia Herwig
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317273699
Format: PDF, Docs
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Disasters raise serious challenges for contemporary legal orders: they demand significant management, but usually amidst massive disruption to the normal functioning of state authority and society. When dealing with disasters, law has traditionally focused on contingency planning and recovery. More recently, however, ‘resilience’ has emerged as a key concept in effective disaster management policies and strategies, aiming at minimising the impact of events, so that the normal functioning of society and the state can be preserved. This book analyses the contribution of law to resilience building by looking at law’s role in the different phases of the disaster regulatory process: risk assessment, risk management, emergency intervention, and recovery. More specifically, it addresses how law can effectively contribute to resilience-oriented distaster management policies, and what legal instruments can support effective resilience-building.

Governance im 21 Jahrhundert

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9789264589360
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Mit dem Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts stehen weitere dramatische Umwälzungen in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft an der Tagesordnung. Der Bericht untersucht Chancen und Risiken wirtschaftlicher, gesellschaftlicher und technologischer Natur.

Governance r umlicher Wettbewerbseinheiten

Author: Frieda Raich
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3835094459
Format: PDF, ePub
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Auf der Grundlage der politischen Steuerungstheorie untersucht Frieda Raich die Besonderheiten der Steuerung räumlicher Wettbewerbseinheiten auf regionaler Ebene und zeigt Ansatzpunkte für eine wettbewerbsfähige Entwicklung regionaler Räume auf.

Nachhaltige Bewirtschaftung nat rlicher Ressourcen

Author: Ulrich Frey
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662554461
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Dieses Buch analysiert die wichtigsten Einflussfaktoren für das Management sozial-ökologischer Systeme. An vielen natürlichen Ressourcen betreibt der Mensch Raubbau. Dennoch gibt es Gegenbeispiele nachhaltiger Nutzung von Gemeingütern. Wichtige Fragen wie zum Beispiel: Was zeichnet erfolgreiche Nutzung aus? werden in diesem Buch beantwortet. Anhand von drei der weltweit größten Datensätze zu Fischerei-, Waldbewirtschaftungs- und Bewässerungssystemen werden Erfolgsfaktoren empirisch untersucht und für den Leser einzeln beleuchtet. Das Buch entwickelt über eine Bandbreite von Methoden – Regressionen, Entscheidungswälder und neuronale Netzwerke – prognosestarke und robuste empirisch fundierte Modelle,um ein neues Licht auf bereits häufig untersuchte Faktoren zu werfen, wie zum Beispiel Konfliktlösungsmechanismen. Der Autor stellt 24 Erfolgsfaktoren als Synthese aus seinen Modellen vor, die den ökologischen Erfolg in der Bewirtschaftung natürlicher Ressourcen sehr gut erklären.