Practical Probabilistic Programming

Author: Avi Pfeffer
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781617292330
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Summary Practical Probabilistic Programming introduces the working programmer to probabilistic programming. In it, you'll learn how to use the PP paradigm to model application domains and then express those probabilistic models in code. Although PP can seem abstract, in this book you'll immediately work on practical examples, like using the Figaro language to build a spam filter and applying Bayesian and Markov networks, to diagnose computer system data problems and recover digital images. Purchase of the print book includes a free eBook in PDF, Kindle, and ePub formats from Manning Publications. About the Technology The data you accumulate about your customers, products, and website users can help you not only to interpret your past, it can also help you predict your future! Probabilistic programming uses code to draw probabilistic inferences from data. By applying specialized algorithms, your programs assign degrees of probability to conclusions. This means you can forecast future events like sales trends, computer system failures, experimental outcomes, and many other critical concerns. About the Book Practical Probabilistic Programming introduces the working programmer to probabilistic programming. In this book, you’ll immediately work on practical examples like building a spam filter, diagnosing computer system data problems, and recovering digital images. You’ll discover probabilistic inference, where algorithms help make extended predictions about issues like social media usage. Along the way, you’ll learn to use functional-style programming for text analysis, object-oriented models to predict social phenomena like the spread of tweets, and open universe models to gauge real-life social media usage. The book also has chapters on how probabilistic models can help in decision making and modeling of dynamic systems. What's Inside Introduction to probabilistic modeling Writing probabilistic programs in Figaro Building Bayesian networks Predicting product lifecycles Decision-making algorithms About the Reader This book assumes no prior exposure to probabilistic programming. Knowledge of Scala is helpful. About the Author Avi Pfeffer is the principal developer of the Figaro language for probabilistic programming. Table of Contents PART 1 INTRODUCING PROBABILISTIC PROGRAMMING AND FIGARO Probabilistic programming in a nutshell A quick Figaro tutorial Creating a probabilistic programming application PART 2 WRITING PROBABILISTIC PROGRAMS Probabilistic models and probabilistic programs Modeling dependencies with Bayesian and Markov networks Using Scala and Figaro collections to build up models Object-oriented probabilistic modeling Modeling dynamic systems PART 3 INFERENCE The three rules of probabilistic inference Factored inference algorithms Sampling algorithms Solving other inference tasks Dynamic reasoning and parameter learning

Practical Aspects of Declarative Languages

Author: Francesco Calimeri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319733052
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Practical Aspects of Declarative Languages, PADL 2018, held in Los Angeles, CA, USA, in January 2018 and collocated with the 45th ACM SIGPLAN Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages.The 13 regular papers presented in this volume together with the abstracts of 2 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 23 submissions. They deal with functional programming; constraint programming and business rules; prolog and optimization; and answer set programming.

Inductive Logic Programming

Author: Paolo Frasconi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642212948
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming, ILP 2010, held in Florence, Italy in June 2010. The 11 revised full papers and 15 revised short papers presented together with abstracts of three invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected during two rounds of refereeing and revision. All current issues in inductive logic programming, i.e. in logic programming for machine learning are addressed, in particular statistical learning and other probabilistic approaches to machine learning are reflected.

Foundations of Probabilistic Logic Programming

Author: Fabrizio Riguzzi
Publisher: River Publishers
ISBN: 8770220182
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Probabilistic Logic Programming extends Logic Programming by enabling the representation of uncertain information. Probabilistic Logic Programming is at the intersection of two wider research fields: the integration of logic and probability and Probabilistic Programming. Logic enables the representation of complex relations among entities while probability theory is useful for model uncertainty over attributes and relations. Combining the two is a very active field of study. Probabilistic Programming extends programming languages with probabilistic primitives that can be used to write complex probabilistic models. Algorithms for the inference and learning tasks are then provided automatically by the system. Probabilistic Logic programming is at the same time a logic language, with its knowledge representation capabilities, and a Turing complete language, with its computation capabilities, thus providing the best of both worlds. Since its birth, the field of Probabilistic Logic Programming has seen a steady increase of activity, with many proposals for languages and algorithms for inference and learning. Foundations of Probabilistic Logic Programming aims at providing an overview of the field with a special emphasis on languages under the Distribution Semantics, one of the most influential approaches. The book presents the main ideas for semantics, inference, and learning and highlights connections between the methods. Many examples of the book include a link to a page of the web application http://cplint.eu where the code can be run online.

Practical Aspects of Declarative Languages

Author: Manuel Hermenegildo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540243625
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Practical Aspects of Declarative Languages, PADL 2005, held in Long Beach, CA, USA in January 2005. The 17 revised full papers presented together with the abstracts of 2 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 36 submissions. All current aspects of declarative programming are addressed including implementational issues and applications in areas such as database management, active networks, software engineering, decision support systems, and music composition.

AI IA 2016 Advances in Artificial Intelligence

Author: Giovanni Adorni
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331949130X
Format: PDF
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence, AI*IA 2016, held in Genova, Italy, in November/December 2016. The 39 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 53 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on optimization and evolutionary algorithms; classification, pattern recognition, and computer vision; multi-agent systems; machine learning; semantic web and description logics; natural language processing; planning and scheduling; and formal verification.

Statistik Workshop f r Programmierer

Author: Allen B. Downey
Publisher: O'Reilly Germany
ISBN: 3868993436
Format: PDF
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Wenn Sie programmieren können, beherrschen Sie bereits Techniken, um aus Daten Wissen zu extrahieren. Diese kompakte Einführung in die Statistik zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie rechnergestützt, anstatt auf mathematischem Weg Datenanalysen mit Python durchführen können. Praktischer Programmier-Workshop statt grauer Theorie: Das Buch führt Sie anhand eines durchgängigen Fallbeispiels durch eine vollständige Datenanalyse -- von der Datensammlung über die Berechnung statistischer Kennwerte und Identifikation von Mustern bis hin zum Testen statistischer Hypothesen. Gleichzeitig werden Sie mit statistischen Verteilungen, den Regeln der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung, Visualisierungsmöglichkeiten und vielen anderen Arbeitstechniken und Konzepten vertraut gemacht. Statistik-Konzepte zum Ausprobieren: Entwickeln Sie über das Schreiben und Testen von Code ein Verständnis für die Grundlagen von Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und Statistik: Überprüfen Sie das Verhalten statistischer Merkmale durch Zufallsexperimente, zum Beispiel indem Sie Stichproben aus unterschiedlichen Verteilungen ziehen. Nutzen Sie Simulationen, um Konzepte zu verstehen, die auf mathematischem Weg nur schwer zugänglich sind. Lernen Sie etwas über Themen, die in Einführungen üblicherweise nicht vermittelt werden, beispielsweise über die Bayessche Schätzung. Nutzen Sie Python zur Bereinigung und Aufbereitung von Rohdaten aus nahezu beliebigen Quellen. Beantworten Sie mit den Mitteln der Inferenzstatistik Fragestellungen zu realen Daten.

Python Crashkurs

Author: Eric Matthes
Publisher: dpunkt.verlag
ISBN: 3960881460
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"Python Crashkurs" ist eine kompakte und gründliche Einführung, die es Ihnen nach kurzer Zeit ermöglicht, Python-Programme zu schreiben, die für Sie Probleme lösen oder Ihnen erlauben, Aufgaben mit dem Computer zu erledigen. In der ersten Hälfte des Buches werden Sie mit grundlegenden Programmierkonzepten wie Listen, Wörterbücher, Klassen und Schleifen vertraut gemacht. Sie erlernen das Schreiben von sauberem und lesbarem Code mit Übungen zu jedem Thema. Sie erfahren auch, wie Sie Ihre Programme interaktiv machen und Ihren Code testen, bevor Sie ihn einem Projekt hinzufügen. Danach werden Sie Ihr neues Wissen in drei komplexen Projekten in die Praxis umsetzen: ein durch "Space Invaders" inspiriertes Arcade-Spiel, eine Datenvisualisierung mit Pythons superpraktischen Bibliotheken und eine einfache Web-App, die Sie online bereitstellen können. Während der Arbeit mit dem "Python Crashkurs" lernen Sie, wie Sie: - leistungsstarke Python-Bibliotheken und Tools richtig einsetzen – einschließlich matplotlib, NumPy und Pygal - 2D-Spiele programmieren, die auf Tastendrücke und Mausklicks reagieren, und die schwieriger werden, je weiter das Spiel fortschreitet - mit Daten arbeiten, um interaktive Visualisierungen zu generieren - Web-Apps erstellen und anpassen können, um diese sicher online zu deployen - mit Fehlern umgehen, die häufig beim Programmieren auftreten Dieses Buch wird Ihnen effektiv helfen, Python zu erlernen und eigene Programme damit zu entwickeln. Warum länger warten? Fangen Sie an!

Bayesian Analysis with Python

Author: Osvaldo Martin
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1789349664
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Bayesian modeling with PyMC3 and exploratory analysis of Bayesian models with ArviZ Key Features A step-by-step guide to conduct Bayesian data analyses using PyMC3 and ArviZ A modern, practical and computational approach to Bayesian statistical modeling A tutorial for Bayesian analysis and best practices with the help of sample problems and practice exercises. Book Description The second edition of Bayesian Analysis with Python is an introduction to the main concepts of applied Bayesian inference and its practical implementation in Python using PyMC3, a state-of-the-art probabilistic programming library, and ArviZ, a new library for exploratory analysis of Bayesian models. The main concepts of Bayesian statistics are covered using a practical and computational approach. Synthetic and real data sets are used to introduce several types of models, such as generalized linear models for regression and classification, mixture models, hierarchical models, and Gaussian processes, among others. By the end of the book, you will have a working knowledge of probabilistic modeling and you will be able to design and implement Bayesian models for your own data science problems. After reading the book you will be better prepared to delve into more advanced material or specialized statistical modeling if you need to. What you will learn Build probabilistic models using the Python library PyMC3 Analyze probabilistic models with the help of ArviZ Acquire the skills required to sanity check models and modify them if necessary Understand the advantages and caveats of hierarchical models Find out how different models can be used to answer different data analysis questions Compare models and choose between alternative ones Discover how different models are unified from a probabilistic perspective Think probabilistically and benefit from the flexibility of the Bayesian framework Who this book is for If you are a student, data scientist, researcher, or a developer looking to get started with Bayesian data analysis and probabilistic programming, this book is for you. The book is introductory so no previous statistical knowledge is required, although some experience in using Python and NumPy is expected.