Pre Accident Investigations

Author: Todd Conklin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315356422
Format: PDF
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The Problem Is the Question Pre-Accident Investigations: Better Questions - An Applied Approach to Operational Learning challenges safety and reliability professionals to get better answers by asking better questions. A provocative examination of human performance and safety management, the book delivers a thought-provoking discourse about how we work, and defines a new approach to operational learning. Don't Focus on Safety as an Outcome This is not a book about traditional safety. This is a book about creating "real" safety in your organization. In order to predict incidents before they happen, an organization should first understand how their processes can result in failure. Instead of managing the outcomes, they must learn to manage and understand the processes used to create them. Create Change in Your Organization Written by a top industry expert, the book provides a new definition of safety and utilizes knowledge from the field and the floor. Ideal for use in safety, human performance, psychology, cognitive and decision making, systems engineering, and risk assessment areas, this book equips the safety professional with the tools, steps, and models of success needed to create long-term value and change from safety programs. Pre-Accident Investigations: Better Questions - An Applied Approach to Operational Learning serves safety managers, safety officers, safety specialists, risk managers loss control personnel, safety engineers, safety auditors, human factors and ergonomics engineers, industrial engineers, safety representatives, lecturers, and trainers.

Pre Accident Investigations

Author: Dr Todd Conklin
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409483541
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book is a set of new skills written for the managers that drive safety in their workplace. This is Human Performance theory made simple. If you are starting a new program, revamping an old program, or simply interested in understanding more about safety performance, this guide will be extremely helpful.

Alive and Well at the End of the Day

Author: Paul D. Balmert
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118211359
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Proven strategies and tactics that you can use to lead workers to safety Industrial facilities supervisors, from front-line managers to CEOs, can depend on Alive and Well at the End of the Day for tested and proven management and leadership practices that ensure the safety of their workers. With more than thirty years of hands-on experience in the chemical industry, including front-line management, author Paul Balmert understands the challenges facing supervisors in industrial facilities. His advice, based on firsthand experience, shows you how to identify and correct flaws in industrial practices. Moreover, he shows you how to lead by example, overcoming all obstacles that interfere with safety. Rather than focus on theory, this book offers concrete strategies and tactics that enable you to: Recognize and capitalize on the moments when workers are most receptive to learning safety Discover what's really going on when you tour and inspect plant operations Engage in a helpful discussion with someone who is not following safety guidelines Understand the various types of risk involved in an industrial operation Implement a comprehensive strategy to manage and minimize risk Throughout the book, plenty of case studies and examples illustrate key challenges alongside step-by-step solutions. You'll also learn how to understand and leverage the psychology and motivations of your staff in order to fully implement safety practices and procedures. In short, with this book as your guide, you will be equipped and ready to lead your staff to safety.

Behind Human Error

Author: Dr Leila Johannesen
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409486389
Format: PDF
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Human error is so often cited as a cause of accidents. There is perception of a 'human error problem'. Solutions are thought to lie in changing the people or their role. The label 'human error', however, is prejudicial and hides more than it reveals about how a system malfunctions. This book takes you behind the label. It explains how human error results from social and psychological judgments by the system's stakeholders that focus only on one facet of a set of interacting contributors.

Ten Questions About Human Error

Author: Sidney Dekker
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1410612066
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Ten Questions About Human Error asks the type of questions frequently posed in incident and accident investigations, people's own practice, managerial and organizational settings, policymaking, classrooms, Crew Resource Management Training, and error research. It is one installment in a larger transformation that has begun to identify both deep-rooted constraints and new leverage points of views of human factors and system safety. The ten questions about human error are not just questions about human error as a phenomenon, but also about human factors and system safety as disciplines, and where they stand today. In asking these questions and sketching the answers to them, this book attempts to show where current thinking is limited--where vocabulary, models, ideas, and notions are constraining progress. This volume looks critically at the answers human factors would typically provide and compares/contrasts them with current research insights. Each chapter provides directions for new ideas and models that could perhaps better cope with the complexity of the problems facing human error today. As such, this book can be used as a supplement for a variety of human factors courses.

The Field Guide to Understanding Human Error

Author: Sidney Dekker
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351889753
Format: PDF, Mobi
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When faced with a human error problem, you may be tempted to ask 'Why didn't they watch out better? How could they not have noticed?'. You think you can solve your human error problem by telling people to be more careful, by reprimanding the miscreants, by issuing a new rule or procedure. These are all expressions of 'The Bad Apple Theory', where you believe your system is basically safe if it were not for those few unreliable people in it. This old view of human error is increasingly outdated and will lead you nowhere. The new view, in contrast, understands that a human error problem is actually an organizational problem. Finding a 'human error' by any other name, or by any other human, is only the beginning of your journey, not a convenient conclusion. The new view recognizes that systems are inherent trade-offs between safety and other pressures (for example: production). People need to create safety through practice, at all levels of an organization. Breaking new ground beyond its successful predecessor, The Field Guide to Understanding Human Error guides you through the traps and misconceptions of the old view. It explains how to avoid the hindsight bias, to zoom out from the people closest in time and place to the mishap, and resist the temptation of counterfactual reasoning and judgmental language. But it also helps you look forward. It suggests how to apply the new view in building your safety department, handling questions about accountability, and constructing meaningful countermeasures. It even helps you in getting your organization to adopt the new view and improve its learning from failure. So if you are faced by a human error problem, abandon the fallacy of a quick fix. Read this book.

Drift into Failure

Author: Sidney Dekker
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351942913
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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What does the collapse of sub-prime lending have in common with a broken jackscrew in an airliner’s tailplane? Or the oil spill disaster in the Gulf of Mexico with the burn-up of Space Shuttle Columbia? These were systems that drifted into failure. While pursuing success in a dynamic, complex environment with limited resources and multiple goal conflicts, a succession of small, everyday decisions eventually produced breakdowns on a massive scale. We have trouble grasping the complexity and normality that gives rise to such large events. We hunt for broken parts, fixable properties, people we can hold accountable. Our analyses of complex system breakdowns remain depressingly linear, depressingly componential - imprisoned in the space of ideas once defined by Newton and Descartes. The growth of complexity in society has outpaced our understanding of how complex systems work and fail. Our technologies have gotten ahead of our theories. We are able to build things - deep-sea oil rigs, jackscrews, collateralized debt obligations - whose properties we understand in isolation. But in competitive, regulated societies, their connections proliferate, their interactions and interdependencies multiply, their complexities mushroom. This book explores complexity theory and systems thinking to understand better how complex systems drift into failure. It studies sensitive dependence on initial conditions, unruly technology, tipping points, diversity - and finds that failure emerges opportunistically, non-randomly, from the very webs of relationships that breed success and that are supposed to protect organizations from disaster. It develops a vocabulary that allows us to harness complexity and find new ways of managing drift.

Risk Based Thinking

Author: Tony Muschara
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351400169
Format: PDF
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Society at large tends to misunderstand what safety is all about. It is not just the absence of harm. When nothing bad happens over a period of time, how do you know you are safe? In reality, safety is what you and your people do moment by moment, day by day to protect assets from harm and to control the hazards inherent in your operations. This is the purpose of risk-based thinking, the key element of the six building blocks of Human and Organizational Performance (H&OP). Generally, H&OP provides a risk-based approach to managing human performance in operations. But, specifically, risk-based thinking enables foresight and flexibility—even when surprised—to do what is necessary to protect assets from harm but also achieve mission success despite ongoing stresses or shocks to the operation. Although you cannot prepare for every adverse scenario, you can be ready for almost anything. When risk-based thinking is integrated into the DNA of an organization’s way of doing business, people will be ready for most unexpected situations. Eventually, safety becomes a core value, not a priority to be negotiated with others depending on circumstances. This book provides a coherent perspective on what executives and line managers within operational environments need to focus on to efficiently and effectively control, learn, and adapt.

A Human Error Approach to Aviation Accident Analysis

Author: Professor Scott A Shappell
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409463036
Format: PDF
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This comprehensive book provides the knowledge and tools required to conduct a human error analysis of accidents. Serving as an excellent reference guide for many safety professionals and investigators already in the field.

Workplace Fatalities

Author: Todd E. Conklin
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781546979654
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Many organizations tell us that work has never been as safe as it is today. They will show the lowest injury figures ever, and the rosiest incident counts in years. They want to be proud of these accomplishments, and perhaps they should be. But behind these results hides complexity and contradiction-a messiness that Todd Conklin takes us into with this book. For one, it is pretty obvious by now that trying to lower our incident and injury rates leaves the risk of process safety disasters and fatalities pretty much unaffected. Getting better at managing injuries and incidents doesn't help us prevent fatalities and accidents-we've known that for a long time (Salminen, Saari, Saarela, & Rasanen, 1992). The number of fatalities in, say, construction, or the energy industry, has remained relatively stable over the past decades (Amalberti, 2013; National-Safety-Council, 2004), even when many organizations proudly report entire years (or more) without injury. Lowering the injury or non- serious incident rate can actually put an organization at greater risk of accidents and fatalities. In shipping, for example, injury counts were halved over a recent decade, but the number of shipping accidents tripled (Storkersen, Antonsen, & Kongsvik, 2016). In construction, most workers lost their lives precisely in the years with the lowest injury counts (Saloniemi & Oksanen, 1998). And in aviation, airlines with the fewest incidents have the highest passenger mortality risk (Barnett & Wang, 2000).What lies behind these fatalities? Do they really happen because some people don't wear their personal protective equipment; that some don't wear gloves when rules say they should? WorkPlace Fatalities: Failure to Predict is the first book for the industry professional that speaks directly to this important challenge: If your organization is so safe - Why do we have fatal and serious events?