Preferred Orientation in Deformed Metal and Rocks

Author: Hans Rudolf Wenk
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483289346
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume provides an introduction to the texture analysis of deformed materials and explores methods of determining and interpreting the preferred orientation of crystals in deformed polycrystalline aggregates.**The book reviews: 1) the techniques, procedures, and theoretical basis for the accumulation and analysis of orientation data; 2)the processes by which polycrystals deform and the microstructural mechanisms responsible for the development of the preferred orientation; 3) the textures in specific systems and application of principles to the solution of specific problems.**With a combination of metallurgic and geologic applications, Preferred Orientation in Deformed Metals and Rocks: An Introduction to Modern Texture Analysis will be an important source book for students and researchers in materials science, solid state physics, structural geology, and geophysics.**FROM THE PREFACE: Determination and interpretation of the preferred orientation of crystals in deformed polycrystalline aggregates (in this volume also referred to as texture) has been of longstanding concern to both materials scientists and geologists. A similar theoretical background--such as the dislocation theory of crystal plasticity--has been the basis of understanding flow in metals and rocks; and similar determinative techniques--including microscopy and x-ray diffraction--have been used to study textures and microstructures. Whereas many of the fundamental principles have been established early this century by scientists such as Jeffery, Sachs, Sander, Schmid, Schmidt, and Taylor, only in recent years has knowledge reached a level that provides a quantitative framework which has replaced a largely phenomenological approach. This is expressed in the sudden new emphasis on textural studies, as documented by the large number of recent publications.**This volume contains material to serve as an introduction for those who wish to enter this field as well as reviews for those who are already engaged in advanced research....**The book is divided into three parts. The first (Chapters 2*b17) deals with techniques, procedures, and theoretical bases for the accumulation and analysis of orientation data. The second (Chapters 8*b112) introduces processes by which polycrystals deform and the microstructural mechanisms responsible for the development of the preferred orientation. All those chapters emphasize basic principles and apply to metals as well as to minerals. The third part (Chapters 13*b126) illustrates textures in specific systems and the application of the principles set out in the earlier chapters to the solution of specific problems. Readers of these chapters will quickly become aware that metals have been more exhaustively studied than minerals; but they will also realize that, because of their structural symmetry, metals are in general much simpler than rocks and that the intepretation of metal textures is less involved. An extensive list of relevant references provides access to much of the original literature on textures....

Texture and Anisotropy

Author: U. F. Kocks
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521794206
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A successful book covering an important area of materials science, now available in paperback.

Introduction to Texture Analysis

Author: Olaf Engler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420063660
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The first edition of Introduction to Texture Analysis: Macrotexture, Microtexture, and Orientation Mapping broke new ground by collating seventy years worth of research in a convenient single-source format. Reflecting emerging methods and the evolution of the field, the second edition continues to provide comprehensive coverage of the concepts, practices, and applications of techniques used to determine and characterize texture. Providing a clear focus on scientific principles, this reference keeps mathematics to a minimum in covering both traditional macrotexture analysis and more modern electron-microscopy-based microtexture analysis. The authors integrate the two techniques and address the subsequent need for a more detailed explanation of philosophy, practice, and analysis associated with texture analysis. The book is organized into three sections: Fundamental Issues addresses terminology associated with orientations and texture, in addition to their representation. It also covers the diffraction of radiation, a phenomenon that is the basis for almost all texture analysis. Macrotexture Analysis covers data acquisition, as well as representation and evaluation related to the well-established methods of macrotexture analysis. Microtexture Analysis provides experimental details of the transmission or scanning electron microscope-based techniques for microtexture analysis. It also describes how microtexture data are evaluated and represented and explores the innovative topics of orientation microscopy and mapping, and advanced issues concerning crystallographic aspects of interfaces and connectivity. Completely revised and updated, this second edition of a bestseller is a rare introductory-level guide to texture analysis. It illustrates approaches to orientation measurement and interpretation and elucidates the fundamental principles on which measurements are based. This book is an ideal tool to help you develop a working understanding of the practice and applications of texture.

Introduction to Texture Analysis

Author: Valerie Randle
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482287471
Format: PDF, Docs
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Encompassing the concepts, practice, and application of orientation analysis, Introduction to Texture Analysis is an essential reference source for reserachers in textiles. The author uses an accessible style to share her expertise, providing comprehensive coverage of the theory and practice of the texture techniques now available and discusses their applications in research and industry. The text considers the merits of each technique for specific applications. Case studies expand upon the author's explanations and help illustrate the main principles involved. Topics include applications of diffraction, SEM- and TEM-based techniques, and crystallographic analyses.

Gef gekunde der Gesteine

Author: Bruno Sander
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3709198097
Format: PDF
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik

Author: William D. Callister
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527330070
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Der 'Callister' bietet den gesamten Stoff der Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik für Studium und Prüfungsvorbereitung. Hervorragend aufbereitet und in klarer, prägnanter Sprache wird das gesamte Fachgebiet anschaulich dargestellt. Das erprobte didaktische Konzept zielt ab auf 'Verständnis vor Formalismus' und unterstützt den Lernprozess der Studierenden: * ausformulierte Lernziele * regelmäßig eingestreute Verständnisfragen zum gerade vermittelten Stoff * Kapitelzusammenfassungen mit Lernstoff, Gleichungen, Schlüsselwörtern und Querverweisen auf andere Kapitel * durchgerechnete Beispiele, Fragen und Antworten sowie Aufgaben und Lösungen * Exkurse in die industrielle Anwendung * an den deutschen Sprachraum angepasste Einheiten und Werkstoffbezeichnungen * durchgehend vierfarbig illustriert * Verweise auf elektronisches Zusatzmaterial Der 'Callister' ist ein Muss für angehende Materialwissenschaftler und Werkstofftechniker an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen - und ideal geeignet für Studierende aus Physik, Chemie, Maschinenbau und Bauingenieurwesen, die sich mit den Grundlagen des Fachs vertraut machen möchten.