Pregnancy Discrimination and the American Worker

Author: Michelle D. Deardorff
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137533293
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
This book explores how the federal courts have addressed the two primary federal statutory protections found in the Pregnancy Discrimination Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act and how law mediates conflict between workplace expectations and the realities of pregnancy. While pregnancy discrimination has been litigated under both, these laws establish different forms of equality. Formal equality requires equal treatment of pregnant women in the workplace, and substantive equality requires the worker's needs to be accommodated by the employer. Drawing from a unique database of 1,112 cases, Deardorff and Dahl discuss how courts have addressed pregnancy through these two different approaches to equality. The authors explore the implications for gender equality and the evolution of how pregnancy and pregnancy-related conditions in employment can be addressed by employers.

Overwhelmed

Author: Brigid Schulte
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1408826690
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
In her attempts to juggle work and family life, Brigid Schulte has baked cakes until 2 a.m., frantically (but surreptitiously) sent important emails during school trips and then worked long into the night after her children were in bed. Realising she had become someone who constantly burst in late, trailing shoes and schoolbooks and biscuit crumbs, she began to question, like so many of us, whether it is possible to be anything you want to be, have a family and still have time to breathe. So when Schulte met an eminent sociologist who studies time and he told her she enjoyed thirty hours of leisure each week, she thought her head was going to pop off. What followed was a trip down the rabbit hole of busy-ness, a journey to discover why so many of us ?nd it near-impossible to press the 'pause' button on life and what got us here in the ?rst place. Overwhelmed maps the individual, historical, biological and societal stresses that have ripped working mothers' and fathers' leisure to shreds, and asks how it might be possible for us to put the pieces back together. Seeking insights, answers and inspiration, Schulte explores everything from the wiring of the brain and why workplaces are becoming increasingly demanding, to worldwide differences in family policy, how cultural norms shape our experiences at work, our unequal division of labour at home and why it's so hard for everyone ? but women especially ? to feel they deserve an elusive moment of peace.

America at Risk

Author: Robert Perrucci
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 9780742566323
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
In America at Risk: The Crisis of Hope, Trust, and Caring, Robert Perrucci and Carolyn C. Perrucci identify the broad economic and technological changes that have led to the loss of high wage jobs, declining opportunity, and increased income and wealth inequality. These changes have altered the way that Americans think about themselves, their future, and the lives of their children and neighbors. Focusing on the erosion of trust, hope, and caring between and among Americans and their social institutions, the authors confront the challenge by proposing policies that will build hope (through jobs and wages) in order to promote greater trust of institutions and more caring for the less fortunate. Examining data from the past thirty-year period, Perrucci and Perrucci apply a critical sociological lens to view the dominant economic, political, and cultural institutions that have shaped the main social problems facing Americans. They challenge Americans to act on behalf of their individual and collective interests by becoming informed and involved in developing new solutions to improve their lives.

Inventing Equal Opportunity

Author: Frank Dobbin
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400830893
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Equal opportunity in the workplace is thought to be the direct legacy of the civil rights and feminist movements and the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964. Yet, as Frank Dobbin demonstrates, corporate personnel experts--not Congress or the courts--were the ones who determined what equal opportunity meant in practice, designing changes in how employers hire, promote, and fire workers, and ultimately defining what discrimination is, and is not, in the American imagination. Dobbin shows how Congress and the courts merely endorsed programs devised by corporate personnel. He traces how the first measures were adopted by military contractors worried that the Kennedy administration would cancel their contracts if they didn't take "affirmative action" to end discrimination. These measures built on existing personnel programs, many designed to prevent bias against unionists. Dobbin follows the changes in the law as personnel experts invented one wave after another of equal opportunity programs. He examines how corporate personnel formalized hiring and promotion practices in the 1970s to eradicate bias by managers; how in the 1980s they answered Ronald Reagan's threat to end affirmative action by recasting their efforts as diversity-management programs; and how the growing presence of women in the newly named human resources profession has contributed to a focus on sexual harassment and work/life issues. Inventing Equal Opportunity reveals how the personnel profession devised--and ultimately transformed--our understanding of discrimination.

Your Best Pregnancy

Author: Jill Hoefs, MPT
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
ISBN: 1617052035
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Have a safe, healthy, and comfortable pregnancy. Written by two physical therapists with over twenty years of combined experience helping women ease sore feet, aching backs, incessant peeing, and many other uncomfortable conditions, Your Best Pregnancy provides simple solutions and easy exercises to help women feel their best from head to toe. Through detailed photographs, illustrations, and down-to-earth advice that is both medically substantiated as well as easy to understand, you will learn how to: Treat the most uncomfortable symptoms during pregnancy, such as back and shoulder pain, bladder issues, night cramps, sciatica, swelling, and varicose veins. Maintain a healthy pregnancy, even while on bed rest. Correctly strengthen the pelvic floor and core to prevent diastasis recti. Nurse, lift, and care for a baby (or babies) using proper body mechanics to avoid strain and injury. "Your Best Pregnancy is fun, interesting, and supportive. It feels like sitting down with a knowledgeable and trusted friend to talk about all the challenging and usually-not-discussed issues of pregnancy. We keep a copy at our practice to offer advice to patients." óMARC LEVIN, MD, FAMILY PHYSICIAN, MATERNITY CARE COORDINATOR, INSTITUTE FOR FAMILY HEALTH "A must read if you're pregnant or just had a baby and wonder why your body feels the way it does!... A perfect go-to book for every pregnant woman, whether it's your first or fourth pregnancy." óSTACEY J. FUTTERMAN, PT, MPT, WCS, BCB-PMD, OWNER OF 5 POINT PHYSICAL THERAPY PLLC IN NEW YORK CITY "Your Best Pregnancy is like having two best friends on speed dial who just happen to also be physical therapists, and in Hoefs' case, an experienced mom. They give new and professional mothers the scoop on all things health, with an approachable helping of medical knowledge and a touch of sass." óLESLIE GOLDMAN, MPH, WOMEN'S HEALTH WRITER, LESLIEGOLDMANWRITES.COM

Babygate

Author: Dina Bakst
Publisher: The Feminist Press at CUNY
ISBN: 1558618627
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Moms-to-be get tons of advice on strollers, sleep training, and post-baby workouts. What they don't get is straight talk about navigating the workplace during pregnancy and new parenthood - factors that put many women's jobs in jeopardy. That's why Babygate is essential: the first and only guide to supply parents with the tools they need to keep their jobs. Babygate breaks down the laws on topics across the parenthood spectrum in clear, conversational language, and includes a state-by-state guide so readers know exactly how they're protected (or not) in their hometowns. Best of all, Babygate includes a road map for confronting family-responsibilities discrimination, and a concrete plan for creating a more family-friendly nation. In Babygate, three legal experts share practical tips, real-life stories from moms and dads, and key legal information to spotlight the protections expecting and new parents have (and don't have) in the workplace. This step-by-step guide covers everything from morning sickness to maternity leave to confronting discrimination on the job. Includes quizzes, charts, checklists, sample letters to employers, and a comprehensive breakdown of individual state laws on pregnancy, parenthood, and the workplace.

American Law in the Age of Hypercapitalism

Author: Ruth Colker
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814772188
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Since the fall of communism, laissez-faire capitalism has experienced renewed popularity. Flush with victory, the United States has embraced a particularly narrow and single-minded definition of capitalism and aggressively exported it worldwide. The defining trait of this brand of capitalism is an unwavering reverence for the icons of the market. Although promoted as a laissez-faire form of capitalism, it actually reflects the very evils of selfishness and greed by entrepreneurs that concerned Adam Smith. Capitalism, however, can thrive without an extreme emphasis on efficiency and personal autonomy. Americans often forget that theirs is a rather peculiar form of capitalism, that other Western nations successfully maintain capitalistic systems that are fundamentally more balanced and nuanced in their effect on society. The unnecessarily inhumane aspects of American capitalism become apparent when compared to Canadian and Western European societies, with their more generous policies regarding affirmative action, accommodation for disabled persons, and family and medical leave for pregnant woman and their partners. In American Law in the Age of Hypercapitalism, Ruth Colker examines how American law purports to reflect--and actively promotes--a laissez-faire capitalism that disproportionately benefits the entrepreneurial class. Colker proposes that the quality of American life depends also on fairness and equality rather than simply the single-minded and formulaic pursuit of efficiency and utility.

Mothers on the Job

Author: Lise Vogel
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813519197
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Women's increasing demands for protection and benefits in the workplace, especially with regard to maternity leave, have sparked more than a century of controversy among feminists on how best to serve the needs of working women. This debate continues to divide the feminist community. One side believes women are better served by emphasizing equality with men--pregnancy should be treated like any other "disability." The other side wants to recognize difference--special provisions should apply only to pregnant women. Lise Vogel examines the evolution of this debate on pregnant women in the workplace, looking at theoretical as well as practical implications. Vogel begins by assessing the history of the contemporary debate on pregnancy policy in the U.S. Since the middle of the nineteenth-century, American women have been torn by the contradictory demands of motherhood and the workplace. Pregnancy was grounds for dismissal from work and few employers took action to protect pregnant workers. To counter this, early twentieth-century feminists and reformers emphasized female specificity and women's special role. In the 1960s activists adopted a strategy framed on equality, which moved away from the earlier emphasis on differences. The use of equality strategies to cover the female-specific phenomenon of pregnancy turned out to have problems. Now women's special needs were denied and ignored. These difficulties and a series of court cases in the 1980s triggered debates in the feminist legal community. Vogel looks at the litigation and debates, which pitted advocates of gender-neutral strategies against critics who called for female-specific policies. Vogel argues that, in terms of practical benefits, women will be served best by a gender-neutral approach to pregnancy policy. She encourages equality advocates to recognize the inherent diversity of individuals, and points out the need to be sensitive to individual factors of race and class, as well as sex.

Public Librarian s Human Resources Handbook

Author: David Allen Baldwin
Publisher: Libraries Unlimited
ISBN: 9781563086182
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Whether you are a library supervisor with a few employees or an adminstrator with an entire human resources system, there are specific rights, responsibilities, and regulations that you must conform to. In plain language and with a practical, straightforward approach, Baldwin tells you about employment law relating to personnel recruitment and selection; the employment relationship; collective bargaining; wage and hour laws; employment benefits; discrimination laws; health, safety, and privacy; discipline and discharge; and income replacement. By informing themselves of these basic rights and regulations, librarians and library managers will be better equipped to deal with or avoid altogether some of the potential problems that arise between employers and employees in the public library arena. The book also reviews effective management techniques as a way to avoid potentially serious personnel problems. A glossary of employment terms is included.