Preventive Measures

Author: John L. Davies
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847688746
Format: PDF, ePub
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State failure, ethnopolitical war, genocide, famine, and refugee flows are variants of a type of complex political and humanitarian crisis, exemplified during the 1990s in places like Somalia, Bosnia, Liberia, and Afghanistan. The international consequences of such crises are profound, often threatening regional security and requiring major inputs of humanitarian assistance. They also may pose long-term and costly challenges of rebuilding shattered governments and societies. A vital policy question is whether failures can be diagnosed far enough in advance to facilitate effective international efforts at prevention or peaceful transformation. This volume of original essays examines crisis early warning factors at different levels, in different settings, and judges their effectiveness according to various models. Top contributors offer answers along with analyses as they move from early warning to early response in their policy recommendations.

Early Warning and Conflict Management in the Horn of Africa

Author: Cirû Mwaûra
Publisher: The Red Sea Press
ISBN: 9781569021576
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Horn of Africa has come to be defined by the frequency and intensity of its violent conflicts. Yet, whereas in other regions conflict prevention stresses formal, top-down inter-governmental structures, in the Horn of Africa an alternative conflict management regime that seeks to build on local capacity and is based on inclusive and collaborative decision-making has emerged. This publication outlines the two-year process of CEWARN's and IGAD's development.

Krisenpr vention

Author: Volker Matthies
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663105644
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Zentrales Anliegen des Buches ist die Erörterung der Frage, wie Gewaltkonflikten, Kriegen und Krisen vorgebeugt werden kann. Hierzu werden das Grundkonzept von Präventionen, die Frühwarnung, die Akteure, Instrumente und Handlungsfelder sowie die Erfolgsbedingungen von Krisenprävention thematisiert. Im Sinne der alten Lebensweisheit "Vorbeugen ist besser als Heilen" sollte der bisher vorherrschende reaktiv-kurative Umgang mit Ge2waltkonflikten von einer "Kultur der Prävention" abgelöst werden.

The Prevention and Intervention of Genocide

Author: Samuel Totten
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412809649
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Over the last twenty years the world has witnessed four major genocides. There was the genocide in Iraq (1988), in Rwanda (1994), in Srebrenica (1995), and in Darfur (2003 and continuing). Most observers agree there is an urgent need to assess the international community's efforts to prevent genocide and to intervene (once a genocide is under way) in an effective and timely manner. This volume, the latest in a widely respected series on the subject of genocide, provides an overview of a host of issues germane to this task. The book begins with a cogent discussion of the issues of prevention and intervention during the Cold War years. The second chapter discusses the abject failures and moderate (though, in some cases, highly controversial) successes at prevention and intervention carried out in the 1990s and early 2000s. Further chapters examine latest efforts to develop an effective genocide early warning system and examine the complexity of and barriers to prevention. The pros and cons of sanctions and the problems of enforcement and evaluation their effectiveness are then discussed. Conflicts between state sovereignty and the protection of threatened populations are examined both in historical context and by incorporating the latest thinking. Later chapters treat the issue of intervention; why and how it has met with only limited success. Concentrating on Rwanda and Srebrenica, chapter 8 discusses various peace operations that were abject failures and those that were moderately successful. The concept of an anti-genocide regime is examined in terms of progress in developing such a regime as well as what the international community must do in order to implement it. Chapters discuss key issues related to post-genocidal periods, those that need to be addressed in order to establish stability in a wounded land and populace as well as to prevent future genocides. The final chapter asks whether bringing perpetrators to justice has any impact in breaking impunity, ensuring deterrence, and bringing about reconciliation. The contributors to the volume are all noted scholars, some of whom specialize in the study of genocide, and others who specialize in such areas as early warning, peacekeeping, and sanctions.

Security Development and the Fragile State

Author: David Carment
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135257051
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book provides theoretical clarity about the concepts of failed and fragile states, which have emerged strongly since the 9/11 attacks. Recent contributions often see the fragile state as either a problem of development or of security. This volume argues that that neither perspective on its own is a sufficient basis for good policy. In a wide-ranging treatment, drawing on large samples as well as case studies, the authors create an alternative model of the fragile state emphasizing the multidimensional, multifaceted nature of the "fragile state problematique". On the basis of their model and empirical evidence, they then derive a number of policy-relevant insights regarding the need for contextualized and ongoing country analysis, the perils and pitfalls of unstructured development assistance, and the need to move whole-of-government approaches from the realm of rhetoric to reality. In offering both a synthesis of existing research and an innovative approach to understanding the fragile state, this volume will be of great interest to students of war and conflict studies, risk, conflict management, and international relations in general. It will also be of use to practitioners in policy circles and to NGOs.

The Ties That Divide

Author: Stephen M. Saideman
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231506279
Format: PDF, Docs
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Ethnic conflicts have created crises within NATO and between NATO and Russia, produced massive flows of refugees, destabilized neighboring countries, and increased the risk of nuclear war between Pakistan and India. Interventions have cost the United States, the United Nations, and other actors billions of dollars. While scholars and policymakers have devoted considerable attention to this issue, the question of why states take sides in other countries' ethnic conflicts has largely been ignored. Most attention has been directed at debating the value of particular techniques to manage ethnic conflict, including partition, prevention, mediation, intervention, and the like. However, as the Kosovo dispute demonstrated, one of the biggest obstacles to resolving ethnic conflicts is getting the outside actors to cooperate. This book addresses this question. Saideman argues that domestic political competition compels countries to support the side of an ethnic conflict with which constituents share ethnicities. He applies this argument to the Congo Crisis, the Nigerian Civil War, and Yugoslavia's civil wars. He then applies quantitative analyses to ethnic conflicts in the 1990s. Finally, he discusses recent events in Kosovo and whether the findings of these case studies apply more broadly.


Author: Österreichisches Studienzentrum für Frieden und Konfliktlösung
ISBN: 9783896880673
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Emergency Relief Operations

Author: Kevin M. Cahill
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
ISBN: 9780823222407
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is a practical introduction to the fundamental issues in providing humanitarian relief in emergencies. Bringing together an internationally distinguished team of physicians, diplomats, scholars, activists, and other professionals, the book covers a wide range of crises. The essays form an essential introduction to the dynamics of aidb7s and responding to the effects of war, civil strife, epidemics, and other emergencies.