Primary Love and Psychoanalytic Technique

Author: Michael Balint
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 1781810184
Format: PDF
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One of the eternal problems of mankind is that of love and hate. Why and how does it happen that we love this one of our fellow-men, feel safe in his affection, expect satisfactions of our needs from him and are attracted to him, while we hate and avoid other? Ever since the publication of Freud's first works one of the main objects of psycho-analytic research has been the study of these powerful currents of the human mind. Dr. Michael Balint contributed several important papers on this subject, and Primary Love and Psychoanalytic Technique is a collection of his material from 1930 to 1952.The first half of this volume is a collection of all his papers on this topic. The first, "Psycho-Sexual Parallels to the Fundamental Law of Biogenetics", is an attempt to trace the development of the erotic instincts from their earliest biological beginnings in unicellular organisms to their highest manifestations in human beings. Other papers deal with the problems of "Genital Love". "Transference of Emotions", of "Love and Hate" and so on. Dr. Blaint shows that the complexities of human love and hate can be better understood if they are considered as derivatives of a very primitive relation such as exists between mother and child, or between two lovers, and which he describes as "primitive love".Perhaps the most important field of research where this peculiar form of human relation can be studied is the psycho-analytical situation, the relation between the patient and his analyst. This relation is the central problem of psycho-analytic technique and Dr. Balint's ideas make many old problems appear in a new light, but also give rise to many intriguing new ones. It is well known that theories about the true nature of the infantile mind, about the development of a child's sentiments towards his early love objects, and the theories of psycho-analytic technique are closely inter-related. The second half of this volume contains Dr. Balint's contributions to this topic; they include, among others, papers on "Character Analysis"," Strength of the Ego"," Transference and Counter-transference", and Termination of Analysis".

Michael Balint

Author: Andrew Elder
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134760728
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Whilst Michael Balint's applied work is widely known, many of his theoretical contributions have been incorporated into everyday analysis without due recognition of their source. In this account of his thinking, Harold Stewart evaluates the extent of Balint's contribution to psychoanalysis and firmly re-establishes his place within the development of Object Relations theory. The first section examines Balint's theories of human psychological development, defining such concepts as primary love, ocnophilia and philobatia, the basic fault and the three areas of the mind. The author places Balint's understanding of the analyst's influence and technique in the context of his relationship with Sandor Ferenczi, his analyst and mentor. The second section of this work looks at how the "Balint Group" has contributed to the assessment and understanding of emotional problems in various areas, including general practice, marital work and psychosexual medicine. A charismatic teacher, Balint's method of work with General Practitioners has become an established worldwide institution. Features of this work, including the use of countertransference and the affective response of the doctor are vividly described here by two General Practitioners, Andrew Elder and Robert Gosling. Michael Balint: Object Relations, Pure and Applied brings alive Balint's teaching and practice and demonstrates the relevance of his theories to many of the problematic issues in current analytic practice.

What Do Psychoanalysts Want

Author: Anna Ursula Dreher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134780265
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Defining the aims of psychoanalysis was not initially a serious complex problem. However, when Freud began to think of the aim as being one of scientific research, and added the different formulations of aim (for example, that the aim was to make the patient's unconscious conscious) it became an area of tension which affected the subsequent development of psychoanalysis and the resolution of which has profound implications for the future of psychoanalysis. In What Do Psychoanalysts Want? the authors look at the way psychoanalysts have defined analysis both here and in America, from Freud down to the present day. From this basis they set out a theory about aims which is extremely relevant to clinical practice today, discussing the issues from the point of view of the conscious and unconscious processes in the psychoanalyst's mind. Besides presenting a concise history of psychoanalysis, its conflicts and developments, which will be of interest to a wide audience of those interested in analysis, this book makes important points for the clinician interested in researching his or her practice.

Infantile Sexuality and Attachment

Author: Daniel Widlocher
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 1780496354
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Freud wrote in 1905 that children's sexual life, although dominated by the erogenous zones, also has components in which, from the beginning, other people appear as sexual objects. These people - the child's relatives, caretakers and mother in particular - are also objects of vital attachment. How can we differentiate between these two forms of connections that are so easily confused with one another?This controversy is as old as psychoanalysis, but recent challenging developments in attachment theory have made it impossible to maintain the traditional arguments. Commenting on a paper by Daniel Widlocher on the "eternal debate" between those who see asexual attachment as the earliest bond and those who see infantile sexuality as primary, eight major contributors to psychoanalytic child studies set forth the current state of thinking in both camps.Contributors: Jacques Andre, Eduardo Colombo, Pierre Fedida, Peter Fonagy, Jean Laplanche, Dominique Scarfone, Claire Squires, Daniel Widlocher

The Prenatal Theme in Psychotherapy

Author: Philippe Ployé
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 9781855753648
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is an attempt to examine whether patients in analysis or therapy can sometimes be said to form a kind of transference that not only operates at a prenatal level but can also lend itself to interpretation just like any other postnatal level of transference.Philippe Ploye considers whether the prenatal condition, usually conceived from a psychological point of view as one of objectless, pre-ambivalent fusion with the mother, would be capable of being relived and reenacted later in the form of a object-directed, aggressive, as well as libidinal, "foetal" form of relatedness to the therapist.The author looks at how this information might be best used in clinical practice, and the difficulty of communicating these "findings" to patients in a way that helps them by meaning something to them. He also looks at the question of whether the countertransference, too, can sometimes be seen to operate at pre/or perinatal level. There are also chapters on the possible role of the placenta in ego development and placenta symbolism, and a review of some of the literature concerning the pretnatal stage.

From Classical to Contemporary Psychoanalysis

Author: Morris N. Eagle
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1135252238
Format: PDF, ePub
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The landscape of psychoanalysis has changed, at times dramatically, in the hundred or so years since Freud first began to think and write about it. Freudian theory and concepts have risen, fallen, evolved, mutated, and otherwise reworked themselves in the hands and minds of analysts the world over, leaving us with a theoretically pluralistic (yet threateningly multifarious) diffusion of psychoanalytic viewpoints. To help make sense of it all, Morris Eagle sets out to critically reevaluate fundamental psychoanalytic concepts of theory and practice in a topical manner. Beginning at the beginning, he reintroduces Freud's ideas in chapters on the mind, object relations, psychopathology, and treatment; he then approaches the same topics in terms of more contemporary psychoanalytic schools. In each chapter, however, there is an underlying emphasis on identification and integration of converging themes, which is reemphasized in the final chapter. Relevant empirical research findings are used throughout, thus basic concepts - such as repression - are reexamined in the light of more contemporary developments.

Psychoanalysis and Woman

Author: Shelley Saguaro
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814797717
Format: PDF
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Psychoanalysis and Woman collects for the first time in one volume the most important psychoanalytic writings on female sexuality and women from Freud's contemporaries through French feminisms to postmodernism and post-feminism. These primary texts introduce the reader to a broad spectrum of works by primarily women theorists writing within a number of different psychoanalytic traditions. Psychoanalysis and Woman makes available a number of fundamental, yet obscure and inaccessible early psychoanalytic documents by women and places them within the context of later women psychoanalytic theorists. Editor Shelley Saguaro provides a concise contextual introduction addressing some of the sexual political issues raised by psychoanalysis, while each section of the volume is prefaced with more specific biographical and cultural introductory material. Topics addressed include new reproductive and sexual technologies, cybernetics, androgyny, the "third sex," pornography, and psychoanalysis and contemporary media/film theory. Contributors include Sigmund Freud, Karen Horney, Helene Deutsch, Jeanne Lampl-de Groot, Joan Riviere, Maria Torok, Melanie Klein, Nancy Chodorow, Juliet Mitchell, Noreen O'Connor and Joanna Ryan, Carl G. Jung, Esther Harding, Maria von Franz, Marion Woodman, Jacques Lacan, Hélène Cixous, Luce Irigaray, Julie Kristeva, Mary Jane Sherfey, Monique Wittig, Jacqeline Rose, Camille Paglia, Judith Butler, and Jane Flax.

Female Experience

Author: Joan Raphael-Leff
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415157698
Format: PDF
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Brings together diverse contributions offering detailed clinical accounts, engaging with female bodily representations, unconscious phantasies and desires, and discussing accounts of psychic experiences across the life cycle.

Introducing Psychoanalysis

Author: Susan Budd
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135445702
Format: PDF, Docs
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Introducing Psychoanalysis brings together leading analysts to explain what psychoanalysis is and how it has developed, setting its ideas in their appropriate social and intellectual context. Based on lectures given at the British Psychoanalytic Society, the contributions capture the diversity of opinion among analysts to provide a clear and dynamic presentation of concepts such as: sexual perversions trauma and the possibility of recovery phantasy and reality interpreting and transference two views of the Oedipus complex projective identification the paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions symbolism and dreams. Frequently misunderstood subjects are demystified and the contributors' wealth of clinical and supervisory experience ensures that central concepts are explained with refreshing clarity. Clinical examples are included throughout and provide a valuable insight into the application of psychoanalytic ideas. This overview of the wide variety of psychoanalytic ideas that are current in Britain today will appeal to all those training and practicing in psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy, as well as those wishing to broaden their knowledge of this field.

Emotional Communication

Author: Paul Geltner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415525160
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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What role does animal like and infantile communication play in life and in psychoanalysis? How are painful childhood experiences recreated with people who are nothing like the original family? What are the roles of loving and horrible feelings in psychoanalytic cure? In Emotional Communication, Paul Geltner places the pre-linguistic type of communication that is shared with infants and animals at the core of the psychoanalytic relationship. He shows how emotional communication intertwines with language, permeating every moment of human interaction, and becoming a primary way that people involuntarily recreate painful childhood relationships in current life. Emotional Communication integrates observations from a number of psychoanalytic schools in a cohesive but non-eclectic model. Geltner expands psychoanalytic technique beyond the traditional focus on interpretation and the contemporary focus on authenticity to include the use feelings that precisely address the client's repetitive patterns of misery. The author breaks down analytic interventions into their cognitive and emotional components, describing how each engages a different part of the client's mind and serves a different function. He explains the role of emotional communication in psychoanalytic technique both in classical interpretations and in non-interpretive interventions that use the analyst's feelings to amplify the therapeutic power of the psychoanalytic relationship. Offering a clear alternative to both Classical and contemporary Relational and Intersubjective approaches to understanding and treating clients in psychoanalysis, Paul Geltner presents a theory of communication and maturation that will interest psychoanalysts, psychotherapists, and those concerned with the subtleties of human relatedness.