Principles of Ecotoxicology Fourth Edition

Author: C.H. Walker
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439862664
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Cutting across traditional subject boundaries, Principles of Ecotoxicology, Fourth Edition gives readers an integrated view of ecotoxicology, from molecules to ecosystems. This new edition of a bestselling textbook continues to emphasize principles rather than practice, providing the interdisciplinary perspective and grounding required for research. Organized into three sections, the book first describes the molecular structures, properties, and environmental fate of pollutants. It then deals with the effects of pollutants on living organisms at the molecular, cellular, and individual levels. Moving into population biology and population genetics, the third part of the book addresses a question of great interest to ecologists: What effects do pollutants have at the levels of population, community, and the whole ecosystem? The book also looks at how ecotoxicology is used in the biomonitoring of environmental pollution, the investigation of pollution problems, the conducting of field trials, the study of the development of resistance, and the growing area of environmental risk assessments. Throughout, examples and case studies illustrate the principles. This updated fourth edition includes new material on nanoparticle pollution, bioaccumulation, biomarkers, and chemical warfare in nature, as well as a new chapter on the future directions of ecotoxicology. A concise textbook that will also appeal to practicing ecotoxicologists, it provides a solid basis for understanding what happens to chemicals in the real world, where they go, how they ultimately degrade, and how they affect the individuals and populations that encounter them. What’s New in This Edition Revised and updated material throughout A chapter on future directions of ecotoxicology New material on nanoparticle pollution and chemical warfare in nature Expanded coverage of bioaccumulation, biomarkers, and risk assessment for affected populations More case studies, many from the United States Discussion of neurotoxic and behavioral effects of pollutants Recent research on the decline of vultures and effects of neonicotinoids on bees Organic Pollutants: An Ecotoxicological Perspective, Second Edition (CRC Press, 2008), a companion volume to this book, covers the mechanistic aspects of ecotoxicology in more depth.

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology

Author: Michael C. Newman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466582294
Format: PDF, Mobi
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An integrated analysis exploring current and relevant concepts, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: The Science of Pollution, Fourth Edition extends the dialogue further from the previous editions and beyond conventional ecosystems. It explores landscape, regional, and biospheric topics, communicating core concepts with subjects ranging from molecular to global issues. It addresses the increasing growth and complexity of ecotoxicological problems, contains additional vignettes, and employs input from a variety of experts in the field. Divided into 14 chapters, the book begins with an overall history of the field. It details the essential features of the key contaminants of concern today, including their sources. It examines bioaccumulation, the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization, and the regulatory aspects of the field addressing the technical issues of risk assessment. The author includes appendices illustrating important environmental laws and regulations, and compiles key terms not already identified by section headings in the glossary. He also provides suggested readings at the end of each chapter and presents study questions at the end of the book. Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: The Science of Pollution, Fourth Edition contains a broad overview of ecotoxicology, and provides a basic understanding of the field. Designed as a textbook for use in introductory graduate or upper-level undergraduate courses in ecotoxicology, applied ecology, environmental pollution, and environmental science, it can also be used as a general reference for practicing environmental toxicologists.

Principles of Ecotoxicology Fourth Edition

Author: C.H. Walker
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466502606
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Cutting across traditional subject boundaries, Principles of Ecotoxicology, Fourth Edition gives readers an integrated view of ecotoxicology, from molecules to ecosystems. This new edition of a bestselling textbook continues to emphasize principles rather than practice, providing the interdisciplinary perspective and grounding required for research. Organized into three sections, the book first describes the molecular structures, properties, and environmental fate of pollutants. It then deals with the effects of pollutants on living organisms at the molecular, cellular, and individual levels. Moving into population biology and population genetics, the third part of the book addresses a question of great interest to ecologists: What effects do pollutants have at the levels of population, community, and the whole ecosystem? The book also looks at how ecotoxicology is used in the biomonitoring of environmental pollution, the investigation of pollution problems, the conducting of field trials, the study of the development of resistance, and the growing area of environmental risk assessments. Throughout, examples and case studies illustrate the principles. This updated fourth edition includes new material on nanoparticle pollution, bioaccumulation, biomarkers, and chemical warfare in nature, as well as a new chapter on the future directions of ecotoxicology. A concise textbook that will also appeal to practicing ecotoxicologists, it provides a solid basis for understanding what happens to chemicals in the real world, where they go, how they ultimately degrade, and how they affect the individuals and populations that encounter them. What’s New in This Edition Revised and updated material throughout A chapter on future directions of ecotoxicology New material on nanoparticle pollution and chemical warfare in nature Expanded coverage of bioaccumulation, biomarkers, and risk assessment for affected populations More case studies, many from the United States Discussion of neurotoxic and behavioral effects of pollutants Recent research on the decline of vultures and effects of neonicotinoids on bees Organic Pollutants: An Ecotoxicological Perspective, Second Edition (CRC Press, 2008), a companion volume to this book, covers the mechanistic aspects of ecotoxicology in more depth.

An Introduction to Environmental Toxicology Second Edition

Author: Michael H. Dong
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 9781477666487
Format: PDF
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An Introduction to Environmental Toxicology Second Edition, like the first (student) edition, provides a general introductory text on the basic concepts of and general principles for environmental toxicology. To this end, the book is organized into 23 chapters in four parts:I. Toxicologic Concepts and Environmental Concerns (Chapters 1 – 5);II. Bioaccumulation and Biodisposition of Toxicants (Chapters 6 – 10);III. Nature and Effects of Environmental Toxicants (Chapters 11 – 17); andIV. General Considerations and Special Foci (Chapters 18 – 23).The book is an introduction to the basic principles, concepts, and issues for and of environmental toxicology intended for undergraduates majoring in environmental toxicology, environmental sciences, or a related field, as well as for graduate students taking a course in environmental toxicology as an elective. The book is also intended as a supplementary reading material for students whose instructor prefers to use her/his own lecture notes as text materials for their course. Students using this book are expected to have already completed a course in general biology and a course in general chemistry.The book is written as a primer covering lecture materials for a course of 3 to 6 semester units. The 23 chapters, totaling more than 450 pages, are arranged in a way that the reader is provided with the best flow and mode of comprehension, with each chapter including a set of review questions. Listed below are the chapter titles: 1. Scope and Principles for Environmental Toxicology 2. Environmental Changes and Environmental Health 3. Environmental Pollution and Regulatory Agencies 4. Occurrence and Types of Environmental Toxicants 5. Fate and Transport of Toxicants in the Environment 6. Bioaccumulation of Persistent Environmental Toxicants 7. Uptake and Distribution of Toxicants 8. Metabolism/Biotransformation of Xenobiotics 9. Adverse Action/Toxic Response10. Factors and Conditions Affecting Toxicity11. Air Pollutants – I. Inorganic Gases12. Air Pollutants – II. Particulate Matter13. Volatile Organic Compounds14. Toxic and Radioactive Metals15. Pesticides and Pesticide Residues16. Persistent Toxic Substances17. Biological and Physical Toxic Agents18. Environmental Mutagenesis/Carcinogenesis19. Reproductive Toxicity and Endocrine Disruption20. Industrial Chemicals/Occupational Toxicology21. Food Toxicants/Toxic Household Substances22. Human Health Aspects of Ecotoxicology23. Environmental Health Risk Assessment

Biochemical Ecotoxicology

Author: Francois Gagne
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 012411623X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Biochemical Ecotoxicology: Principles and Methods presents practical approaches to biochemical ecotoxicology experiments for environmental protection and conservation. With its methodical, stepped approach this essential reference introduces readers to current techniques for toxicity endpoint testing, suitable for laboratories of any size and budget. Each chapter presents a state-of-the-art principle, a quick and inexpensive procedure (including appropriate reagents), case studies, and demonstrations on how to analyze your results. Generic techniques are covered, suitable for a variety of organisms, as well as high-throughput techniques like quantitative polymerase chain reactions and enzyme-linked immunoassays. Cutting-edge approaches, including gPCR arrays and lipidomic techniques, are also included, making this is an essential reference for anyone who needs to assess environmental toxicity. Practical, cost-effective approaches to assess environmental toxicity endpoints for all types of organism Presents theory, methods, case studies and information on how to analyze results State-of-the-art techniques, such as ‘omics’ approaches to toxicology

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals

Author: Gunnar F. Nordberg
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123973392
Format: PDF, ePub
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Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals, Fourth Edition bridges the gap between established knowledgebase and new advances in metal toxicology to provide one essential reference for all those involved in the field. This book provides comprehensive coverage of basic toxicological data, emphasizing toxic effects primarily in humans, but also those of animals and biological systems in vitro. The fourth edition also contains several new chapters on important topics such as nanotoxicology, metals in prosthetics and dental implants, gene-environment interaction, neurotoxicology, metals in food, renal, cardiovascular, and diabetes effects of metal exposures and more. Volume I covers “General Considerations and Volume II is devoted to “Specific Metals. A multidisciplinary resource with contributions from internationally-recognized experts, the fourth edition of the Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals is a prominent and indispensable reference for toxicologists, physicians, pharmacologists, engineers, and all those involved in the toxicity of metals. Contains 61 peer reviewed chapters dealing with the effects of metallic elements and their compounds on biological systems Includes information on sources, transport and transformation of metals in the environment and on certain aspects of the ecological effects of metals to provide a basis for better understanding of the potential for adverse effects on human health Covers the toxicology of metallic nanomaterials in a new comprehensive chapter Metal toxicology in developing countries is dealt with in another new chapter emphasizing the adverse effects on human health by the inadequate handling of "ewaste Other new chapters in the 4th edition include: Toxic metals in food; Toxicity of metals released from medical devices; Gene-environment interactions; Neurotoxicology of metals; Cardiovascular disease; Renal effects of exposure to metals; Gold and gold mining; Iridium; Lanthanum; Lithium and Rhodium

Ecotoxicology

Author: Frank Moriarty
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080924905
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Ecotoxicology, Third Edition discusses the ecological effects of pollutants: the ways in which ecosystems can be affected, and current attempts to predict and monitor such effects. The emphasis is on ecosystems; therefore toxicological approaches are critically assessed. Following a brief introduction to the principal characteristics of both pollutants and ecosystems, the various ecosystem components are considered in more detail. Populations, communities and gene pools are examined with an emphasis on the ways in which pollutants affect them specifically. The indirect effects of pollution are considered separately in a new chapter with particular attention paid to the mechanisms and biological effects of global warming. A discussion of the methods used to predict and to monitor the effects of pollutants, some illustrative examples of pollution problems and a final summary discussion, complete the book. Key Features * A classic proven by its 2nd edition. * Still the only book to properly integrate ecological principles with chemistry/biochemistry * Focuses on the interaction between ecology and toxicology * Designed for use by toxicologists with no ecology training, and for ecologists with no toxicology training * There is a new chapter on pollutants in habitats and global warming

Ecotoxicology Essentials

Author: Donald W. Sparling
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128019611
Format: PDF, ePub
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Ecotoxicology Essentials: Environmental Contaminants and Their Biological Effects on Animals and Plants provides a fundamental understanding of this area for students and professionals in ecotoxicology, ecology, conservation, chemistry, public health, wildlife management, fisheries, and many other disciplines. Although new chemicals and potential problems are developed every year, a basic education is essential to address these new challenges, and this work gives such training. Written with the regulatory framework in mind, the material guides readers on modelling, how to conduct assessments, and human and wildlife risk, focusing on effects on animals rather than transport of chemicals. Simple discussions of chemistry are complemented by coverage on the behavior of the animal, dynamics of the ecosystem, real-life situations like drought, and predators in the system – i.e., the natural system versus the lab setting. The book’s first section contains chapters on the principles of contaminant toxicology including a brief history of the science of ecotoxicology, basic principles of the science, testing methods, and ways of determining if animals have been exposed to either acute or chronic concentrations of contaminants. The second section deals with the primary classes of contaminants including their chemical characteristics, sources, uses, and effects on organisms. The third section focuses on more complex issues such as the regulation of pollution, population and community effects, risk assessment and modelling. Uses examples from both aquatic and terrestrial environments and species Includes a Terms to Know section and a list of study questions in each chapter, fostering a greater understanding of the issues Focuses on the effects of contaminants on wildlife while providing enough chemistry to allow a detailed understanding of the various contaminant groups Emphasizes natural examples and 'real' species, rather than laboratory studies on only a handful of organisms Features case histories, detailing actual events that include aspects of how the contamination occurred and its effects on wildlife Provides material from a wide variety of international sources

Encyclopedia of Toxicology

Author: Bruce Anderson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080548008
Format: PDF, ePub
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The second edition of the Encyclopedia of Toxicology continues its comprehensive survey of toxicology. This new edition continues to present entries devoted to key concepts and specific chemicals. There has been an increase in entries devoted to international organizations and well-known toxic-related incidents such as Love Canal and Chernobyl. Along with the traditional scientifically based entries, new articles focus on the societal implications of toxicological knowledge including environmental crimes, chemical and biological warfare in ancient times, and a history of the U.S. environmental movement. With more than 1150 entries, this second edition has been expanded in length, breadth and depth, and provides an extensive overview of the many facets of toxicology. Also available online via ScienceDirect – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. *Second edition has been expanded to 4 volumes *Encyclopedic A-Z arrangement of chemicals and all core areas of the science of toxicology *Covers related areas such as organizations, toxic accidents, historical and social issues, and laws *New topics covered include computational toxicology, cancer potency factors, chemical accidents, non-lethal chemical weapons, drugs of abuse, and consumer products and many more!

Introduction to Drug Metabolism

Author: G. Gordon Gibson
Publisher: Nelson Thornes
ISBN: 9780748760114
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The expertise of the authors is complementary, with one based on biochemistry/toxicology and the other based on pharmacology/medicine. The subject is approached from both biochemical and physiological angles. It is directed at advanced undergraduate biochemists, pharmacologists, pre-clinical medical students and advanced undergraduate/postgraduate toxicologists.