Privatising Public Prisons

Author: Amy Ludlow
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782255923
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Successive UK governments have pursued ambitious programmes of private sector competition in public services that they promise will deliver cheaper, higher quality services, but not at the expense of public sector workers. The public procurement rules (most significantly Directive 2004/18/EC) often provide the legal framework within which the Government must deliver on its promises. This book goes behind the operation of these rules and explores their interaction with the Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006 (TUPE); regulations that were intended to offer workers protection when their employer is restructuring his business. The practical effectiveness of both sources of regulation is critiqued from a social protection perspective by reference to empirical findings from a case study of the competitive tendering exercise for management of HMP Birmingham that was held by the National Offender Management Service (NOMS) between 2009 and 2011. Overall, the book challenges the Government's portrayal of competition policies as self-evident sources of improvement for public services. It highlights the damage that can be caused by competitive processes to social capital and the organisational, cultural and employment strengths of public services. Its main conclusions are that prison privatisation processes are driven by procedure rather than aims and outcomes and that the complexity of the public procurement rules, coupled with inadequate commissioning expertise and organisational planning, can result in the production of contracts that lack aspiration and are insufficiently focused upon improvement or social sustainability. In sum, the book casts doubt upon the desirability and suitability of using competition as a policy mechanism to improve public services.

Unvereinbarkeit der Beteiligung an Massenmedien und Staatsauftragnehmern

Author: Spyridon Kremezis
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
ISBN: 3832544593
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Das Phänomen der Verflechtung von Staatsauftragnehmern und privaten Massenmedien und der Indienstnahme letzterer von ersteren, um sich durch publizistischen Druck an die Exekutive in der öffentlichen Auftragsvergabe besser zu plazieren, wurde vom griechischen Gesetzgeber durch eine Unvereinbarkeit der Beteiligung an Massenmedien und Staatsauftragnehmern angesprochen; die Vergabe öffentlicher Aufträge an Unternehmen, bei denen eine solche Beteiligung vorlag, wurde untersagt. Die Frage der Vereinbarkeit dieses Verbots mit dem europarechtlichen Rahmen des Vergaberechts wird einerseits in die Thematik der sog. Sekundärzwecke eingegliedert. Im einschlägigen Urteil "Michaniki" (C-213/07) befand der EuGH, dass die Aufzählung der Ausschlussgründe in den Richtlinien zwar erschöpfend ist, aber weitere Ausschlussmaßnahmen zur Vorbeugung der Gefahr der Einwirkung der Massenmedien auf die öffentliche Auftragsvergabe erlaubt sind. Jedoch bezeichnete der EuGH die Regelung als unverhältnismäßig, wegen der unwiderlegbaren Vermutung des unlauteren Einflusses auf das Vergabeverfahren. Es fragt sich, ob die Unvereinbarkeit zwischen Massenmedien und Staatsauftragnehmern über den alternativen Weg des Medienrechts, d.h. als Ausschlussgrund bei der Vergabe von Rundfunklizenzen durchsetzbar wäre. Die Prüfung ergibt, dass eine derartige Regelung prinzipiell nicht zu beanstanden wäre, weil die Wahrung der Medienvielfalt eine gesetzliche Einschränkung der Medienfreiheit rechtfertigen kann. Auch hier wäre schliesslich die Prüfung der Verhältnismäßigkeit ausschlaggebend; angesichts der Gefahr, die die Suggestivkraft der Massenmedien auch für das Demokratieprinzip bedeutet, dürfte diese Prüfung positiv ausfallen.

New Frontiers in Empirical Labour Law Research

Author: Amy Ludlow
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509903577
Format: PDF
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This edited collection draws together papers delivered at a symposium on New Frontiers in Empirical Labour Law Research held at the University of Cambridge in April 2014. It contains contributions from established and emerging experts across a range of disciplines (including employment relations, industrial psychology, sociology, economics and political science) to consider four broad themes: the case for empiricism in labour law; the potential for mixed methods; methodological possibilities and insights from other disciplines; and practical challenges and words of caution for those conducting empirical research. This collection seeks to cultivate confidence and competence in empirical methods among both established and young labour law scholars, through an intergenerational and interdisciplinary 'lessons learned' dialogue. It contributes to the broader debate regarding empirical research methods in labour law, and casts light on how empirical research can be conducted in highly contested fields to enhance labour law policy-making. This collection aims to inspire labour lawyers to embark upon new forms of empirical research, both to enrich their existing research projects, and to ask new research questions. It offers the first stage of a collaborative and interdisciplinary dialogue on empirical labour law research, to emphasise the importance of collaboration and intergenerational mentoring in building empirical capacity.

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

Author: Alison Liebling
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198719442
Format: PDF, Mobi
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With contributions from over 60 leading experts in the field, The Oxford Handbook of Criminology is the definitive guide to the discipline providing an authoritative and outstanding collection of chapters on the key topics studied on criminology courses. The Handbook has shaped the study of criminology for over two decades and, with this new edition, continues to be indispensable to students, academics, and professionals alike. Each chapter details relevant theory, recent research, policy developments, and current debates. Extensive references aid further research. Extensively revised, the sixth edition has been expanded to include all the major topics and significant new issues such as zemiology; green criminology; domestic violence; prostitution and sex work; penal populism; and the significance of globalization for criminology. The Oxford Handbook of Criminology is accompanied by a suite of online resources providing additional teaching and learning materials for both students and lecturers. This includes selected chapters from previous editions, essay questions for each chapter, web links to aid further research, and guidance on how to answer essay questions.