Process Plants

Author: Trevor A. Kletz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439804568
Format: PDF, Mobi
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How far will an ounce of prevention really go? While the answer to that question may never be truly known, Process Plants: A Handbook for Inherently Safer Design, Second Edition takes us several steps closer. The book demonstrates not just the importance of prevention, but the importance of designing with prevention in mind. It emphasizes the role of inherent safety in process safety management systems and in ensuring an appropriate process safety culture. Keeping the easy to understand style that made the first edition so popular, this book clearly delineates practical, everyday issues and complex technical ones. The second edition provides: Coverage of new inherent safety metrics and how to measure the degree or level of inherent safety New examples of application of the various principles of inherently safer design and 20 new figures New emphasis on the role of inherently safer design in process safety management systems and in ensuring an appropriate process safety culture Discussion of dust explosion risk reduction by means of inherently safer approaches New chapter on case study development, providing a comprehensive approach to the prevention and mitigation of process incidents by timely incorporation of inherently safer design This updated version of a classic text examines how to incorporate inherently safer design into process industry activities, revising and updating information based on recent research and developments. A how-to resource at its core, the book includes numerous examples that illustrate the principles of inherently safer design and how to apply them in practice. It explains how to measure the inherent safeness of a process, referencing metric tools that have been developed during the past decade and the tried and true methods that have become industry stand bys.

Still Going Wrong

Author: Trevor Kletz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080469928
Format: PDF
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This is Trevor Kletz's follow up to his extremely successful What Went Wrong? Case Histories of Process Plant Disasters. In it, Kletz reinforces the messages in his now-classic book of famous case histories, but the majority of the book covers points not covered in the original. This new volume will focus more on procedural changes that can be made, not only at the technical or engineering levels, but at the managerial level, to prevent disasters from happening. * This volume follows up on the cases and strategies outlined in the original million-dollar seller: "What Went Wrong" * Contains many new cases and areas for improvement, including the hazards of rust, corrosion, and many more new topics * Written by the world's leading expert on industrial safety

An Introduction to Dust Explosions

Author: Paul Dr. Amyotte
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0123972639
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Preventable dust explosions continue to occur in industry in spite of significant research and practice efforts worldwide over many years. There is a need for effective understanding of the unique hazards posed by combustible dust. This book describes a number of dust explosion myths – which together cover the main source of dust explosion hazards – the reasons they exist and the corresponding scientific and engineering facts that mitigate these circumstances. An Introduction to Dust Explosions describes the main erroneous beliefs about the origin and propagation of dust explosions. It offers fact-based explanations for their occurrence and the impact of such events and provides a critical guide to managing and mitigating dust explosion risks. Designed to prevent accidents, injury, loss of life and capital damage An easy-to-read, scientifically rigorous treatment of the facts and fictions of dust explosions for those who need to – or ought to – understand dust explosions, their occurrence and consequences Enables the management and mitigation of these critical industrial hazards

Hydrogen Safety

Author: Fotis Rigas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439862311
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Hydrogen Safety highlights physiological, physical, and chemical hazards associated with hydrogen production, storage, distribution, and use systems. It also examines potential accident scenarios that could occur with hydrogen use under certain conditions. The number of potential applications for hydrogen continues to grow—from cooling power station generators to widespread commercial use in hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles and other fuel-cell applications. However, this volatile substance poses unique challenges, including easy leakage, low ignition energy, a wide range of combustible fuel-air mixtures, buoyancy, and its ability to embrittle metals that are required to ensure safe operation. Focused on providing a balanced view of hydrogen safety—one that integrates principles from physical sciences, engineering, management, and social sciences—this book is organized to address questions associated with the hazards of hydrogen and the ensuing risk associated with its industrial and public use. What are the properties of hydrogen that can render it a hazardous substance? How have these hazards historically resulted in undesired incidents? How might these hazards arise in the storage of hydrogen and with its use in vehicular transportation? The authors address issues of inherently safer design, safety management systems, and safety culture. They highlight hydrogen storage facilities —which pose greater hazards because of the increased quantities stored and handled—and the dangers of using hydrogen as a fuel for transport. Presented experiments are included to verify computer simulations with the aid of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) of both gaseous and liquefied hydrogen. The book also provides an overview of the European Commission (EC) Network of Excellence for Hydrogen Safety (HySafe) and presents various case studies associated with hydrogen and constructional materials. It concludes with a brief look at future research requirements and current legal requirements for hydrogen safety.

Process Plant Layout

Author: Sean Moran
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128033568
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Process Plant Layout, Second Edition, explains the methodologies used by professional designers to layout process equipment and pipework, plots, plants, sites, and their corresponding environmental features in a safe, economical way. It is supported with tables of separation distances, rules of thumb, and codes of practice and standards. The book includes more than seventy-five case studies on what can go wrong when layout is not properly considered. Sean Moran has thoroughly rewritten and re-illustrated this book to reflect advances in technology and best practices, for example, changes in how designers balance layout density with cost, operability, and safety considerations. The content covers the ‘why’ underlying process design company guidelines, providing a firm foundation for career growth for process design engineers. It is ideal for process plant designers in contracting, consultancy, and for operating companies at all stages of their careers, and is also of importance for operations and maintenance staff involved with a new build, guiding them through plot plan reviews. Based on interviews with over 200 professional process plant designers Explains multiple plant layout methodologies used by professional process engineers, piping engineers, and process architects Includes advice on how to choose and use the latest CAD tools for plant layout Ensures that all methodologies integrate to comply with worldwide risk management legislation

Plant Design For Safety

Author: Trevor A. Kletz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781560320685
Format: PDF
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This book examines current practices in chemical plants and also suggests ways for improvement. It is based on Cheaper, Safer Plants or Health and Safety at Work - Notes on inherently Safer and Simpler Plants, published in 1984, but has been updated and augmented with other ways of making plants more user friendly. This book is also essential reading for students and senior managers because it encourages the design of plants that can tolerate human error or equipment failure without serious effects on safety, output and efficiency.

By Accident

Author:
Publisher: IChemE
ISBN: 9780953844005
Format: PDF, Docs
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Kletz's techniques for safety in the process industries are explained in his biography.

What Went Wrong

Author: Trevor Kletz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080524238
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Expert Trevor Kletz examines the causes and aftermaths of numerous plant disasters--almost every one of which could have been prevented. Case histories illustrate what went wrong, why it went wrong, and then guide you in how to circumvent similar tragedies. Learn from the mistakes of others. This invaluable and respected book examines the causes and aftermaths of numerous plant disasters - almost every one of which could have been prevented. Case histories illustrate what went wrong and why it went wrong, and then guide you in how to circumvent similar tragedies. * Learn from the mistakes of others with this important book! * Examines the causes and aftermaths of numerous plant disasters - most of which could have been prevented * Case histories illustrate what went wrong, why it went wrong, and then guide you in how to circumvent similar tragedies

Process Safety Management

Author: Chitram Lutchman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466553618
Format: PDF, Docs
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The continued prevalence of major incidents (most recently the 2010 BP Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill) and preponderance of workplace fatalities and injuries as well as Process Safety Management (PSM) Incidents, globally, begs the question: why do incidents continue to occur in today’s technologically advanced era? More importantly, with 80-85 percent of incidents being repeated, the more obvious questions are: Why do organizations fail to learn from prior incidents internal to the business? Why do organizations fail to learn from their peers and other same industry players? Why do organizations fail to learn from the incidents and experiences of other industries? Process Safety Management: Leveraging Networks and Communities of Practice for Continuous Improvement provides a road map organizations can use to identify and setup critical networks for preventing catastrophic incidents and for sharing knowledge in an organized manner within the organization to enhance business performance. The book helps organizations establish centers of excellence by activating networks for generating best practices and practical solutions to workplace business, and safety challenges. The book covers the full range of activation of networks including identifying members, defining goals and objectives, and prioritizing work through leadership and stewardship of networks. It addresses all elements of effective safety management and includes simple, easy-to-follow processes that bring about lasting changes to workplace safety. It also highlights the health and safety needs of both Generation X and Generation Y who currently inherit the workplace but are very different in learning behaviors and experience levels. In a thin margins business environment characterized by scarce resources, operational discipline and excellence drives stakeholder confidence and corporate performance. Detailing the practical application of tested principles and practices, this book provides a simple path forward for organizations to recognize the benefits of networks and to proactively establish and support them within organizations to generate continuous and sustained improvement in work practices, procedures, and business performance.