Protein Quality Control in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Author: Richard I. Morimoto
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642279287
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The health of the proteome depends upon protein quality control to regulate the proper synthesis, folding, translocation, and clearance of proteins. The cell is challenged constantly by environmental and physiological stress, aging, and the chronic expressions of disease associated misfolded proteins. Substantial evidence supports the hypothesis that the expression of damaged proteins initiates a cascade of molecular events that leads to Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington's disease, and other diseases of protein conformation.

The Molecular and Cellular Basis of Neurodegenerative Diseases

Author: Michael S. Wolfe
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128113057
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Molecular and Cellular Basis of Neurodegenerative Diseases: Underlying Mechanisms presents the pathology, genetics, biochemistry and cell biology of the major human neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, frontotemporal dementia, ALS, Huntington’s, and prion diseases. Edited and authored by internationally recognized leaders in the field, the book's chapters explore their pathogenic commonalities and differences, also including discussions of animal models and prospects for therapeutics. Diseases are presented first, with common mechanisms later. Individual chapters discuss each major neurodegenerative disease, integrating this information to offer multiple molecular and cellular mechanisms that diseases may have in common. This book provides readers with a timely update on this rapidly advancing area of investigation, presenting an invaluable resource for researchers in the field. Covers the spectrum of neurodegenerative diseases and their complex genetic, pathological, biochemical and cellular features Focuses on leading hypotheses regarding the biochemical and cellular dysfunctions that cause neurodegeneration Details features, advantages and limitations of animal models, as well as prospects for therapeutic development Authored by internationally recognized leaders in the field Includes illustrations that help clarify and consolidate complex concepts

Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry

Author:
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 1608052087
Format: PDF, ePub
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"Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry" is an Ebook series devoted to the review of areas of important topical interest to medicinal chemists and others in allied disciplines. "Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry" covers all the areas of medicinal chemistry, including developments in rational drug design, bioorganic chemistry, high-throughput screening, combinatorial chemistry, compound diversity measurements, drug absorption, drug distribution, metabolism, new and emerging drug targets, natural products, pharmacogenomics, chemoinformatics, and structure-activity relationships. Medicinal chemistry as.

Handbook of Research on Critical Examinations of Neurodegenerative Disorders

Author: Uddin, Md. Sahab
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522552839
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Neurodegeneration is a key feature of several diseases that are referred to as neurodegenerative diseases. The process of neurodegeneration is not well-understood so the diseases that stem from it have, as yet, no cures. As such, studying the effects of these disorders can provide insight into the treatment, prevention, and future opportunities and challenges in this growing field. The Handbook of Research on Critical Examinations of Neurodegenerative Disorders is a critical scholarly resource that provides an extensive explanation of various neurodegenerative disorders based on existing studies to clarify etiology, pathological mechanisms, diagnosis, therapeutic interventions, as well as current status and future opportunities and challenges. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as dementia, mitochondrial dysfunction, and risk factors, this book is geared towards neurobiologists, neuropsychologists, neurophysiologists, neuropathologists, medical professionals, academicians, and researchers seeking research on the complexity of neurodegenerative disorders.

Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

Author: Larry R. Squire
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080963935
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Encyclopedia of the Neuroscience explores all areas of the discipline in its focused entries on a wide variety of topics in neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry and other related areas of neuroscience. Each article is written by an expert in that specific domain and peer reviewed by the advisory board before acceptance into the encyclopedia. Each article contains a glossary, introduction, a reference section, and cross-references to other related encyclopedia articles. Written at a level suitable for university undergraduates, the breadth and depth of coverage will appeal beyond undergraduates to professionals and academics in related fields.

Molecular Targets in Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease

Author: Pierfausto Seneci
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128004991
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Aimed at "drug discoverers" – i.e. any scientist who is interested in neurodegenerative diseases in general, and in finding disease-modifying treatments in particular – the first edition of Molecular Targets in Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease will contain both a detailed, discipline-specific coverage (paragraphs on medicinal chemistry, on clinical and preclinical characterization of compounds in development, on target identification and validation, on genetic factors influencing a pathology, etc.) and a drug discovery-oriented, overall evaluation of each target (validation, druggability, existing leads, etc.). Together these will satisfy the needs of various audiences, including in vitro biologists, pharmacologists, medicinal chemists, etc. Written to provide a comprehensive coverage of disease-modifying mechanisms and compounds against neurodegenerative diseases Provides a “drug discovery application oriented perspective, evaluating targets and candidates for their overall therapeutic potential Provides discipline-specific chapters (medicinal chemistry, target validation, preclinical and clinical development Provides an overview on a number of molecular mechanisms (e.g. phosphorylation, chaperon refolding, ubiquitination, autophagy, microtubule transportation, protease cleavage, etc.) with relevance for any disease area Contains a more thorough description of the therapeutic relevance of ~10 specific molecular targets

A Roadmap for Curing Cancer Alzheimer s and Cardiovascular Disease

Author: Paul J. Marangos
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012812797X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Cancer, dementia, and cardiovascular disease are responsible for almost two million deaths each year in the United States alone and represent the largest immediate threat to humanity. Over the last century, we have made spectacular advances that have transformed our society – splitting the atom, space travel, telecommunications, and the Internet – but with medical research focused mostly on science for the sake of science, it has yielded precious few cures. A Roadmap for Curing Cancer, Alzheimer’s, and Cardiovascular Disease represents a "first of its kind" effort to address both the reasons for this and to posit solutions to fix our broken system, in an effort to finally end this cure crisis. Dr. Marangos draws on 45 years of experience in every aspect of the biomedical R&D field, from basic drug discovery research at the NIH to the co-founding of five drug companies. He has published 252 research papers and edited four books on drug discovery, is co-inventor on 14 patents, and founded "The Journal of Molecular Neuroscience". He argues that from a development perspective, the regulatory, patent, and legal hurdles that force industry to pursue so-called "me-too" drugs rather than cures for terminal diseases must be re-thought. Leadership accountability, strategy, focus, and urgency need to be re-evaluated, and major reforms to the NIH, FDA, and patent codes are proposed.to remedy these impediments to cures. Written for anyone frustrated with the seemingly endless threat of terminal disease, this book seeks to inform, energize, and provide the rationale for the public and industry stakeholders, as well as clinicians and researchers, to resurrect the physician-patient relationship and demand that we get serious about ridding society of this scourge on humanity. - This work contains the views and opinions of the author and are in no way intended to harm the reputation of any person, agency, organization, or commercial entity discussed herein. - First comprehensive analysis of the failures in curing cancer, Alzheimer’s, and cardiovascular disease with solutions proposed Defines deficiencies in academic life science research, including conflicting incentives, QA/QC issues, and how to fix them Provides a rationale for FDA reform especially as it relates to terminal disease drugs Details how a reformed NIH, regulators, and industry can partner to form a NASA-type effort to speed cures of terminal diseases Provides the first detailed roadmap for life science researchers to conquer terminal disease

Herbs and Natural Supplements Inkling

Author: Lesley Braun
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0729579107
Format: PDF
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A must-have health companion for herbalists, naturopaths, complementary medicine practitioners and students Herbs and Natural Supplements, 3rd Edition: An evidence-based guide presents evidence-based information on the 130 most popular herbs, nutrients and food supplements used across Australia and New Zealand. This exhaustive textbook is organised alphabetically by each herb or nutrient’s common name. Herbs and nutrients are then accompanied by critical information such as daily intake, main actions and indications, adverse reactions, contraindications and precautions, safety in pregnancy and more. This new edition of Herbs and Natural Supplements has been expanded with new chapters on pregnancy and wellness. It also features 10 new monographs for Arginine, Dunaliella, Elde, Goji, Pelargonium, Prebiotics, Red Yeast Rice, Rhodioloa, Shatavari and Taurine. • provides current, evidence-based information on herbal, nutritional and food supplements used in Australia and New Zealand • is user-friendly and easily organised by easy-to-find A-Z herbal monographs • appendices offering important additional information for the safe use of herbal and nutritional supplements, including a list of poison information centres, associations, manufacturers and more • offers clear, comprehensive tables including herb/natural supplement - drug interactions • lists the pharmacological actions of all herbs and natural supplements • a glossary of terms relevant to herbs and natural supplements • two comprehensive new chapters: Herbs and Natural Supplements in Pregnancy and Introduction to Wellness • all chapters completely updated and expanded • ten new monographs taking the total to 130 • now also available as an eBook! A code inside Herbs and Natural Supplements, 3rd Edition: An evidence-based guide enables a full text download, allowing you to browse and search electronically, make notes and bookmarks in the electronic files and highlight material

Recombinant protein expression in microbial systems

Author: Eduardo A. Ceccarelli
Publisher: Frontiers E-books
ISBN: 2889192946
Format: PDF, ePub
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With the advent of recombinant DNA technology, expressing heterologous proteins in microorganisms rapidly became the method of choice for their production at laboratory and industrial scale. Bacteria, yeasts and other hosts can be grown to high biomass levels efficiently and inexpensively. Obtaining high yields of recombinant proteins from this material was only feasible thanks to constant research on microbial genetics and physiology that led to novel strains, plasmids and cultivation strategies. Despite the spectacular expansion of the field, there is still much room for progress. Improving the levels of expression and the solubility of a recombinant protein can be quite challenging. Accumulation of the product in the cell can lead to stress responses which affect cell growth. Buildup of insoluble and biologically inactive aggregates (inclusion bodies) lowers the yield of production. This is particularly true for obtaining membrane proteins or high-molecular weight and multi-domain proteins. Also, obtaining eukaryotic proteins in a prokaryotic background (for example, plant or animal proteins in bacteria) results in a product that lack post-translational modifications, often required for functionality. Changing to a eukaryotic host (yeasts or filamentous fungi) may not be a proper solution since the pattern of sugar modifications is different than in higher eukaryotes. Still, many advances in the last couple of decades have provided to researchers a wide variety of strategies to maximize the production of their recombinant protein of choice. Everything starts with the careful selection of the host. Be it bacteria or yeast, a broad list of strains is available for overcoming codon use bias, incorrect disulfide bond formation, protein toxicity and lack of post-translational modifications. Also, a huge catalog of plasmids allows choosing for different fusion partners for improving solubility, protein secretion, chaperone co-expression, antibiotic resistance and promoter strength. Next, controlling culture conditions like temperature, inducer and media composition can bolster recombinant protein production. With this Research Topic, we aim to provide an encyclopedic account of the existing approaches to the expression of recombinant proteins in microorganisms, highlight recent discoveries and analyze the future prospects of this exciting and ever-growing field.