Protein Transfer and Organelle Biogenesis

Author: Rathindra C. Das
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323142168
Format: PDF, Docs
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Protein Transfer and Organelle Biogenesis is a seven-section volume focusing on the property of proteins to carry signals for secretion, mitochondrial assembly, and lysosomal localizations. It describes how these signals function and determines other factors necessary in building and maintaining the functions of a cell. Organized into seven sections encompassing 19 chapters, the book deals with the general aspects of protein translocation, modification, and sorting. It discusses the transport into the endoplasmic reticulum, the role of carbohydrates in glycoprotein trafficking, and the mechanism of endo- and exocytosis. It further discusses the localization of proteins to the mitochondrion and nucleus and with bacterial protein transport. The final section emphasizes the contribution secretion research that the biotechnology industry has made to the production of proteins. Biologists, cell biologists, researchers, teachers, and students who are interested in the mechanism of protein transfer and organelle biogenesis will find this book invaluable.

The Biogenesis of Cellular Organelles

Author: Chris Mullins
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387268677
Format: PDF
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The Biogenesis of Cellular Organelles represents a comprehensive summary of recent advances in the study of the biogenesis and functional dynamics of the major organelles operating in the eukaryotic cell. This book begins by placing the study of organelle biogenesis in a historical perspective by describing past scientific strategies, theories, and findings and relating these foundations to current investigations. Reviews of protein and lipid mediators important for organelle biogenesis are then presented, and are followed by summaries focused on the endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi, lysosome, nucleus, mitochondria, and peroxisome.

Membrane Biogenesis

Author: A.H. Maddy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461524016
Format: PDF, ePub
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Scientific reviews are now of two complementary types: short, very up-to-date articles, as are found in the Trends series, and the more traditional longer re views, which are more comprehensive but take longer to publish. The Subcellu lar Biochemistry series belongs to the latter category where a number of reviews on a broad topic are collected together in the one volume. It has been the aim of this volume to summarize the present state of knowledge of membrane assembly. It is appreciated that some relevant topics have not been included, and an editor's selection is restricted by the many calls on potential authors who are unable to meet all requests made to them. The absence of a discussion of the roles of lipids is," however, a reflection of the fact that a recent volume in this series, edited by Dr. H. 1. Hilderson, has been devoted to this subject (Vol. 16, Intracellular Transfer of Lipid Molecules), and readers are recommended to this source.

Cell Organelles

Author: Reinhold G. Herrmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3709191386
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The compartmentation of genetic information is a fundamental feature of the eukaryotic cell. The metabolic capacity of a eukaryotic (plant) cell and the steps leading to it are overwhelmingly an endeavour of a joint genetic cooperation between nucleus/cytosol, plastids, and mitochondria. Alter ation of the genetic material in anyone of these compartments or exchange of organelles between species can seriously affect harmoniously balanced growth of an organism. Although the biological significance of this genetic design has been vividly evident since the discovery of non-Mendelian inheritance by Baur and Correns at the beginning of this century, and became indisputable in principle after Renner's work on interspecific nuclear/plastid hybrids (summarized in his classical article in 1934), studies on the genetics of organelles have long suffered from the lack of respectabil ity. Non-Mendelian inheritance was considered a research sideline~ifnot a freak~by most geneticists, which becomes evident when one consults common textbooks. For instance, these have usually impeccable accounts of photosynthetic and respiratory energy conversion in chloroplasts and mitochondria, of metabolism and global circulation of the biological key elements C, N, and S, as well as of the organization, maintenance, and function of nuclear genetic information. In contrast, the heredity and molecular biology of organelles are generally treated as an adjunct, and neither goes as far as to describe the impact of the integrated genetic system.

Membrane Protein Transport

Author: S.S. Rothman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080536156
Format: PDF, ePub
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This is the third volume in a series on membrane protein transfer. Membrane protein transport underlies the topological disposition of many proteins within cells and it is this disposition that allows for the co-ordination of the central cellular processes, such as metabolism.

Intracellular Protein Transport and Membrane Biogenesis

Author: Keith Verner
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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This book is about membrane biogenesis and protein transport across biological membranes. Both prokaryotic and eukaryotic membrane transport systems are considered. The characteristics of targeting signals and membrane receptors on various intracellular organelles are described. Protein targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum and secretion via vesicular transport are discussed. In addition, recent developments in protein targeting and membrane transport to mitochondria, chloroplasts, peroxisomes and the nucleus are described. An introductory chapter on biological membranes is included as a review while a chapter on the transport of lipids to intracellular membranes precedes discussions on protein transport and membrane translocation.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Author: Bruce Alberts
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 1317563743
Format: PDF, ePub
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As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.

Vectorial Transport of Proteins into and across Membranes

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080859323
Format: PDF
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This is the third volume in this series covering protein translocation within and between cells. Volumes 31 and 32, Vesicular Transport, Parts A and B, treated techniques for eukaryotic cells available as of 1989. Vectorial Transport of Proteins into and across Membranes, brings together new methods and new topics as of 1991. Highlights include use of anti-idiotype antibodies, gene fusions, transcription, crosslinking, pulse-labeling, and reconstitution. Describes contemporary approaches for studying protein transport, protein topology and organelle biogenesis Covers methods from pre-eminent laboratories including: In vitro and in vivo investigations; Biochemical and immunological techniques; Prokaryote, chloroplast, mitochondria, peroxisome, and rough endoplasmic reticulum membranes

Processing and Turnover of Proteins and Organelles in the Cell

Author: S. Rapoport
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483188523
Format: PDF, ePub
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Processing and Turnover of Proteins and Organelles in the Cell is a collection of papers that tackles the problems of post-translational processes, along with the dynamics of cell components. The materials in the title are organized thematically. The text first presents articles dealing with post-translational processing, such as the mode of anchoring of sucrase-isomaltase to the small intestinal brush-border membrane and its biosynthetic implications, as well as the decay and restoring in succinate dehydrogenase. The next papers discuss topics related to the selective degradation of proteins, such as selective control of proteinase action in yeast cells and studies of the mechanism and selectivity of intracellular protein breakdown. The final set of papers covers the turnover of organelles, which includes biogenesis and turnover of peroxisomes, and the effect of oxygen on the synthesis of mitochondrial proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The book will be of great use to microbiologists and biochemists. Scientists from biological science disciplines will also benefit from the text.

International Review of Cytology

Author: Kwang W. Jeon
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080920979
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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International Review of Cytology presents current advances and comprehensive reviews in cell biology – both plant and animal. Authored by some of the foremost scientists in the field, each volume provides up-to-date information and directions for future research. Articles in this volume include LEM-domain Proteins: New Insights into lamin-interacting Proteins; New Insights into Membrane Trafficking and Protein Sorting; Structure and Function of the Atypical Orphan Nuclear Receptor; Zebrafish Gastrulation: Cell Movements, Signals and Mechanisms; Calcium Dynamics: Spatio-tempral Organization from the Subcellular to the Organ Level; New Technologies Used in the Study of Human Melanoma.