Prove It with Figures

Author: Hans Zeisel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461218241
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Prove It With Figures displays some of the tools of the social and statistical sciences that have been applied in the courtroom and to the study of questions of legal importance. It explains how researchers can extract the most valuable and reliable data that can conveniently be made available, and how these efforts sometimes go awry. In the tradition of Zeisel's standard work "Say It with Figures," the authors clarify, in non-technical language, some of the basic problems common to all efforts to discern cause-and-effect relationships. Designed as a textbook for law students who seek an appreciation of the power and limits of empirical methods, this is also a useful reference for lawyers, policymakers, and members of the public who would like to improve their critical understanding of the statistics presented to them. The many case histories include analyses of the death penalty, jury selection, employment discrimination, mass torts, and DNA profiling.

Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence

Author: Committee on Science, Technology, and Law
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309214211
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence, Third Edition, assists judges in managing cases involving complex scientific and technical evidence by describing the basic tenets of key scientific fields from which legal evidence is typically derived and by providing examples of cases in which that evidence has been used. First published in 1994 by the Federal Judicial Center, the Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence has been relied upon in the legal and academic communities and is often cited by various courts and others. Judges faced with disputes over the admissibility of scientific and technical evidence refer to the manual to help them better understand and evaluate the relevance, reliability and usefulness of the evidence being proffered. The manual is not intended to tell judges what is good science and what is not. Instead, it serves to help judges identify issues on which experts are likely to differ and to guide the inquiry of the court in seeking an informed resolution of the conflict. The core of the manual consists of a series of chapters (reference guides) on various scientific topics, each authored by an expert in that field. The topics have been chosen by an oversight committee because of their complexity and frequency in litigation. Each chapter is intended to provide a general overview of the topic in lay terms, identifying issues that will be useful to judges and others in the legal profession. They are written for a non-technical audience and are not intended as exhaustive presentations of the topic. Rather, the chapters seek to provide judges with the basic information in an area of science, to allow them to have an informed conversation with the experts and attorneys.

Linear Models for Optimal Test Design

Author: Wim J. van der Linden
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387202723
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book begins with a reflection on the history of test design--the core activity of all educational and psychological testing. It then presents a standard language for modeling test design problems as instances of multi-objective constrained optimization. The main portion of the book discusses test design models for a large variety of problems from the daily practice of testing, and illustrates their use with the help of numerous empirical examples. The presentation includes models for the assembly of tests to an absolute or relative target for their information functions, classical test assembly, test equating problems, item matching, test splitting, simultaneous assembly of multiple tests, tests with item sets, multidimensional tests, and adaptive test assembly. Two separate chapters are devoted to the questions of how to design item banks for optimal support of programs with fixed and adaptive tests. Linear Models for Optimal Test Design, which does not require any specific mathematical background, has been written to be a helpful resource on the desk of any test specialist. Wim J. van der Linden is Professor of Measurement and Data Analysis, University of Twente, The Netherlands. His specialization is psychometric theory and methods, and he has been an active researcher of item response theory throughout his career. His current research is on test design, adaptive testing, test equating, and response-time modeling. Professor van der Linden is a past president of the Psychometric Society and a recipient of the NCME lifetime achievement award for his work on educational measurement.

Introduction to Applied Bayesian Statistics and Estimation for Social Scientists

Author: Scott M. Lynch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387712658
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book outlines Bayesian statistical analysis in great detail, from the development of a model through the process of making statistical inference. The key feature of this book is that it covers models that are most commonly used in social science research - including the linear regression model, generalized linear models, hierarchical models, and multivariate regression models - and it thoroughly develops each real-data example in painstaking detail.

Science in the Law

Author:
Publisher: West Academic Publishing
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is a student edition spin-off from the popular Science Law. The authors introduce law students to the rigors and details underlying scientific expert testimony, offering an entry point to a host of scientific fields that are highly relevant to the law. The book is designed to acquaint law students with scientific fields that are crucial to practicing law. Subjects reviewed include admissibility of scientific evidence. ethical standards of, and those concerning expert witnesses, statistical proof, survey research, epidemiology, and toxicology.

Modern scientific evidence

Author: David Laurence Faigman
Publisher: West Group
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book features the following salient topics: Admissibility of Scientific Evidence, A Functional Taxonomy of Expertise Ethical Standards of and Concerning Expert Witnesses; The Scientific Method; The Logic of Drawing Inferences From Empirical Evidences; Statistical Proof; Multiple Regression; Survey Research; Toxicology and Epidemiology.

Psychology for Lawyers

Author: Jennifer K. Robbennolt
Publisher: Amer Bar Assn
ISBN: 9781614383543
Format: PDF
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Psychology for Lawyers introduces practicing lawyers and law students to some of the key insights offered by the field of psychology. The first part of the book offers a crash course in those aspects of psychology that will be most useful to practicing attorneys, including issues such as perception, memory, judgment, decision making, emotion, influence, communication, and the psychology of justice. The second part applies the insights of research to tasks that lawyers face on a regular basis, including interviewing, negotiating, counseling, and conducting discovery. In addition, the book offers practical suggestions for improving your practice suggestions that are grounded in the science of psychology. In short, by learning more about psychology and how to apply it, lawyers will be more effective, more successful, more ethical, and even happier. Comprehensive in discussion, this guide discusses aspects of social and cognitive psychology that are most relevant to lawyering: perception, memory, judgment, decision making, emotion, influence, communication and the psychology of justice. The authors include clear writing drawing on lots of current and interesting examples, chapter summaries, and extensive endnotes and helpful bibliographies for each chapter for those readers desiring more depth on particular issues."