Public Private Partnerships and Responsibility under International Law

Author: Lisa Clarke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317975383
Format: PDF, ePub
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Partnerships between the public and private sectors are an increasingly accepted method to deal with pressing global issues, such as those relating to health. Partnerships, comprised of states and international organizations (public sector) and companies, non-governmental organizations, research institutes and philanthropic foundations (private sector), are forming to respond to pressing global health issues. These partnerships are managing activities that are normally regarded to be within the domain of states and international organizations, such as providing access to preventative and treatment measures for certain diseases, or improving health infrastructure within certain states to better manage the growing risk of disease. In the shadow of the success of these partnerships lies, however, the possibility of something going wrong and it is to this shadow that this book sheds light. This book explores the issue of responsibility under international law in the context of global health public-private partnerships. The legal status of partnerships under international law is explored in order to determine whether or not partnerships have legal personality under international law, resulting in them being subject to rules of responsibility under international law. The possibility of holding partnerships responsible in domestic legal systems and the immunity partnerships have from the jurisdiction of domestic courts in certain states is also considered. The obstacles to holding partnerships themselves responsible leads finally to an investigation into the possibility of holding states and/or international organizations, as partners and/or hosts of partnerships, responsible under international law in relation to the acts of partnerships. This book will be of interest to those researching and working in areas of global governance, especially hybrid public-private bodies; the responsibility under international law of states and international organizations; and also global health. It provides doctrinal clarification and practical guidance in a developing field of international law.

Governing Public Health

Author: Mark Flear
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782259732
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book contributes towards EU studies and the growing discourse on law and public health. It uses the EU's governance of public health as a lens through which to explore questions of legal competence and its development through policy and concrete techniques, processes and practices, risk and security, human rights and bioethics, accountability and legitimacy, democracy and citizenship, and the nature, essence and 'future trajectory' of the European integration project. These issues are explored first by situating the EU's public health strategy within the overarching architecture of governance and subsequently by examining its operationalisation in relation to the key public health problems of cancer, HIV/AIDS and pandemic planning. The book argues that the centrality and valorisation of scientific and technical knowledge and expertise in the EU's risk-based governance means that citizen participation in decision-making is largely marginalised and underdeveloped ? and that this must change if public health and the quality, accountability and legitimacy of EU governance and its regulation are to be improved. Subsequently the book goes on to argue that the legitimating discourses of ethics and human rights, and the developing notion of EU (supra-)stewardship responsibility, can help to highlight the normative dimensions of governance and its interventions in public health. These discourses and dimensions provide openings and possibilities for citizens to power 'technologies of participation' and contribute important supplementary knowledge to decision-making.

UNHCR and the Struggle for Accountability

Author: Kristin Bergtora Sandvik
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317433599
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Despite the key importance of accountability for the legitimacy of humanitarian action, inadequate academic attention has been given to how the concept of accountability is evolving within the specific branches of the humanitarian enterprise. Up to now, there exists no comprehensive account of what we label the 'technologies of accountability', the effects of their interaction, or the question of how the current turn to decision-making software and biometrics as both the means and ends of accountability may contribute to reshaping humanitarian governance. UNHCR and the Struggle for Accountability explores the UNHCR's quest for accountability by viewing the UNHCR's accountability obligations through the web of institutional relationships within which the agency is placed (beneficiaries, host governments, implementing partners, donors, the Executive Committee and UNGA). The book takes a multidisciplinary approach in order to illuminate the various layers and relationships that constitute accountability and also to reflect on what constitutes good enough accountability. This book contributes to the discussion regarding how we construct knowledge about concepts in humanitarian studies and is a valuable resource for academics, researchers and professionals in the areas of anthropology, history, international relations, international law, science, technology studies and socio-legal studies.

Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships

Author: J. Steets
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230290612
Format: PDF, Docs
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A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via the OAPEN Library platform, www.oapen.org. This book presents a new model of accountability which ensures that public-private partnerships don't erode public accountability. It defines concrete accountability standards for different types of partnerships.

Achieving Education for All through Public Private Partnerships

Author: Pauline Rose
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317999541
Format: PDF, ePub
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Concern for achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015 has led to a focus on the role that non-state providers (NSPs) can offer in extending access and improving quality of basic services. While NSPs can help to fill a gap in provision to those excluded from state provision, recent growth in both for-profit and not-for-profit providers in developing countries has sometimes resulted in fragmentation of service delivery. To address this, attention is increasingly given in the education sector to developing ‘partnerships’ between governments and NSPs. Partnerships are further driven by the expectation that the state has the moral, social, and legal responsibility for overall education service delivery and so should play a role in facilitating and regulating NSPs. Even where the ultimate aim of both non-state providers and the state is to provide education of acceptable quality to all children, this book provides evidence from diverse contexts across Africa, South Asia, and Latin America to highlight the challenges in them partnering to achieve this. This book was published as a special issue of Development in Practice.

Ungleichheit in kapitalistischen Gesellschaften

Author: Boike Rehbein
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783779929475
Format: PDF
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Long description: Das Buch legt eine neue Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit in Gegenwartsgesellschaften vor. Es stützt sich auf eigene empirische Forschung auf drei Kontinenten und argumentiert, dass Ungleichheit bisher unzureichend verstanden wurde, weil ausschließlich westliche Gesellschaften Grundlage der Interpretation waren. Das vorliegende Buch betrachtet Gesellschaft nicht als funktionales oder ökonomisches System, sondern als sinnhafte Praxis. Es zeigt auf, dass und wie die symbolische Vermittlung von Macht die strukturelle Wurzel der Ungleichheit bildet. Das Buch legt eine neue Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit in Gegenwartsgesellschaften auf der Basis empirischer Forschung auf drei Kontinenten vor. Es betrachtet Gesellschaft nicht als funktionales oder ökonomisches System, sondern als sinnhafte Praxis. Die zentrale These lautet, dass die symbolische Vermittlung von Macht die strukturelle Wurzel der Ungleichheit bildet. Die symbolische Welt kapitalistischer Gesellschaften zeichnet sich dadurch aus, dass sie wissenschaftlich begründet ist, Ungleichheit als meritokratisches Resultat der Konkurrenz gleicher Individuen erscheinen lässt und die überlieferte symbolische Ungleichheit zwischen Klassen von Menschen dadurch unsichtbar macht und reproduziert.

Water Law for the Twenty First Century

Author: Philippe Cullet
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135244812
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In the face of growing freshwater scarcity, most countries of the world are taking steps to conserve their water and foster its sustainable use. Water crises range from concerns of drinking water availability and/or quality, the degradation or contamination of freshwater, and the allocation of water to different users. To meet the challenge, many countries are undergoing systemic changes to the use of freshwater and the provision of water services, thereby leading to greater commercialization of the resource as well as a restructuring of the legal, regulatory, technical and institutional frameworks for water. The contributions to this book critically analyse legal issues arising under international law, such as environment and human rights provisions, concerning the economic, environmental and social consequences of proposed water regulatory changes and their implementation at the national level. The book examines the situation in India which is currently in the midst of implementing several World Bank led water restructuring projects which will have significant impacts on the realisation of the right to water and all other aspects of water regulation for decades to come. In analysing the situation in India the volume is able to detail the interactions between international law and national law in the field of water, and to ask broader questions about the compliance with international law at the national level and the relevance of international law in national law and policy-making.

Kommunale Governance

Author: Helena Lindemann
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161534683
Format: PDF, ePub
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Die rechtswissenschaftliche Analyse begreift Stadte bislang uberwiegend als rein nationalen Regelungsgegenstand. Demgegenuber stehen Entwicklungen wie die Verabschiedung spezieller UN-Deklarationen zu Stadten oder die durch die Weltbank initiierte und angeleitete Privatisierung der kommunalen Daseinsvorsorge in zahlreichen Schwellen- und Entwicklungslandern. Dies offnet den Blick fur einen volkerrechtlichen Zugriff auf das Thema "Stadt." Als programmatische Konzepte zur Stadtentwicklung normieren die Weltbank oder das UN-Siedlungsprogramm UN-Habitat in Stadtstrategien Prinzipien wie Partizipation, Dezentralisierung, Privatisierung oder Good Urban Governance. Im Zentrum der Arbeit steht neben der exemplarischen Analyse und einer ideologiekritischen Lesart die dogmatisch schwierige Einordnung dieser internationalen Stadtstrategien als Volkerrecht.

Die neuen Kriege

Author: Herfried Münkler
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644011214
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Das Zeitalter der zwischenstaatlichen Kriege geht offenbar zu Ende. Aber der Krieg ist keineswegs verschwunden, er hat nur seine Erscheinungsform verändert. In den neuen Kriegen spielen nicht mehr die Staaten die Hauptrolle, sondern Warlords, Söldner und Terroristen. Die Gewalt richtet sich vor allem gegen die Zivilbevölkerung; Hochhäuser werden zu Schlachtfeldern, Fernsehbilder zu Waffen. Herfried Münkler macht die Folgen dieser Entwicklung deutlich. Er zeigt, wie mit dem Verschwinden von klassischen Schlachten und Frontlinien auch die Unterscheidung von Krieg und Frieden brüchig geworden ist, und erörtert, wie man den besonderen Gefahren begegnen kann, die von den neuen Kriegen ausgehen.