Purposive Interpretation in Law

Author: Aharon Barak
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400841267
Format: PDF
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This book presents a comprehensive theory of legal interpretation, by a leading judge and legal theorist. Currently, legal philosophers and jurists apply different theories of interpretation to constitutions, statutes, rules, wills, and contracts. Aharon Barak argues that an alternative approach--purposive interpretation--allows jurists and scholars to approach all legal texts in a similar manner while remaining sensitive to the important differences. Moreover, regardless of whether purposive interpretation amounts to a unifying theory, it would still be superior to other methods of interpretation in tackling each kind of text separately. Barak explains purposive interpretation as follows: All legal interpretation must start by establishing a range of semantic meanings for a given text, from which the legal meaning is then drawn. In purposive interpretation, the text's "purpose" is the criterion for establishing which of the semantic meanings yields the legal meaning. Establishing the ultimate purpose--and thus the legal meaning--depends on the relationship between the subjective and objective purposes; that is, between the original intent of the text's author and the intent of a reasonable author and of the legal system at the time of interpretation. This is easy to establish when the subjective and objective purposes coincide. But when they don't, the relative weight given to each purpose depends on the nature of the text. For example, subjective purpose is given substantial weight in interpreting a will; objective purpose, in interpreting a constitution. Barak develops this theory with masterful scholarship and close attention to its practical application. Throughout, he contrasts his approach with that of textualists and neotextualists such as Antonin Scalia, pragmatists such as Richard Posner, and legal philosophers such as Ronald Dworkin. This book represents a profoundly important contribution to legal scholarship and a major alternative to interpretive approaches advanced by other leading figures in the judicial world.

A Purposive Approach to Labour Law

Author: Guy Davidov
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191076848
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The mismatch between goals and means is a major cause of crisis in labour law. The regulations that we use - the legal instruments and techniques - are no longer in sync with the goals they are supposed to advance. This mismatch leads to a problem of coverage, where many workers who need the protection of labour law are not covered by it, as well as a problem of obsoleteness, as labour laws are not sufficiently updated in light of dramatic changes in the labour market. Adopting a purposive approach to interpretation and legislative reform, this volume addresses this crisis of mismatch. It first articulates the goals of labour law, both general and specific, through an in-depth normative discussion and a consideration of critiques. The book then proceeds to reconsider our means, asking what we need to change or improve in the laws themselves in order to better advance the goals. Some of the proposed solutions are at the level of judicial interpretation, others at the legislative level. The book offers several examples for the way a purposive analysis should be performed in concrete cases. It also recommends institutional structures that are suited to ongoing adaptation of the law to ensure that our goals are advanced even when circumstances frequently change. Finally, in response to the crisis of enforcement in this field, which frustrates the achievement of labour law's goals, several proposals to improve compliance and enforcement are considered.

Statutory interpretation

Author: Donald James Gifford
Publisher: Lawbook Company
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Examination of the general approaches to statutory interpretation, with a detailed focus on the rules developed by the courts. Leading authorities and representative cases relating to those rules are included. The author teaches law at rhe University of Queensland.

The Judge in a Democracy

Author: Aharon Barak
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400827043
Format: PDF
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Whether examining election outcomes, the legal status of terrorism suspects, or if (or how) people can be sentenced to death, a judge in a modern democracy assumes a role that raises some of the most contentious political issues of our day. But do judges even have a role beyond deciding the disputes before them under law? What are the criteria for judging the justices who write opinions for the United States Supreme Court or constitutional courts in other democracies? These are the questions that one of the world's foremost judges and legal theorists, Aharon Barak, poses in this book. In fluent prose, Barak sets forth a powerful vision of the role of the judge. He argues that this role comprises two central elements beyond dispute resolution: bridging the gap between the law and society, and protecting the constitution and democracy. The former involves balancing the need to adapt the law to social change against the need for stability; the latter, judges' ultimate accountability, not to public opinion or to politicians, but to the "internal morality" of democracy. Barak's vigorous support of "purposive interpretation" (interpreting legal texts--for example, statutes and constitutions--in light of their purpose) contrasts sharply with the influential "originalism" advocated by U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia. As he explores these questions, Barak also traces how supreme courts in major democracies have evolved since World War II, and he guides us through many of his own decisions to show how he has tried to put these principles into action, even under the burden of judging on terrorism.

Gerechtigkeit f r Igel

Author: Ronald Dworkin
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518780204
Format: PDF, Docs
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»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

Human Dignity

Author: Aharon Barak
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316240983
Format: PDF, ePub
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Human dignity is now a central feature of many modern constitutions and international documents. As a constitutional value, human dignity involves a person's free will, autonomy, and ability to write a life story within the framework of society. As a constitutional right, it gives full expression to the value of human dignity, subject to the specific demands of constitutional architecture. This analytical study of human dignity as both a constitutional value and a constitutional right adopts a legal-interpretive perspective. It explores the sources of human dignity as a legal concept, its role in constitutional documents, its content, and its scope. The analysis is augmented by examples from comparative legal experience, including chapters devoted to the role of human dignity in American, Canadian, German, South African, and Israeli constitutional law.

Statutes in Court

Author: William D. Popkin
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822323280
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Popkin provides a survey of the history of American statutory interpretation and then offers his own theory of "ordinary judging" that defines the proper scope of judicial discretion."--BOOK JACKET.

Die unbegrenzte Auslegung

Author: Bernd Rüthers
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161520587
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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English summary: Bernd Ruthers provides the first comprehensive description and analysis of the development of civil law during National Socialism. German description: Bernd Ruthers bietet mit seinem Standardwerk die erste umfassende Darstellung und Analyse der Entwicklung des Zivilrechts im Nationalsozialismus. Dieses 1968 in erster Auflage erschienene Werk zeichnet sich auch dadurch aus, dass es, soweit ersichtlich, die einzige juristische Habilitationsschrift in Deutschland ist, die in einer siebten Auflage veroffentlicht wird.Aus Rezensionen: Ruthers opus magnum ist ohne Zweifel Pflichtlekture fur jeden Juristen. Neben dem interessanten und lehrreichen Einblick in eine dunkle Epoche deutscher (Rechts-)Geschichte enthalt es vor allem ein dauerhaftes Vermachtnis an jede Juristengeneration, sich eingedenk von Gewaltenteilung und Demokratieprinzip der Bedeutung juristischer Methodenlehre bewusst zu werden. Philipp S. Fischinger www.Buchinformationen.de (27.09.2007) Das ungebrochen aktuelle Werk bietet auch fast 40 Jahre nach seiner Erstverofentlichung eine interressante Lekture, die zudem die Juristen der Gegenwart und Zukunft an die Moglichkeit der Pervertierung des Zivilrechts standig erinnert. Ralf Hansen www.duessellaw.de (12.07.2005