Quantum Physics in the Nanoworld

Author: Hans Lüth
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319146696
Format: PDF, ePub
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The second edition deals with all essential aspects of non-relativistic quantum physics up to the quantisation of fields. In contrast to common textbooks of quantum mechanics, modern experiments are described both for the purpose of foundation of the theory and in relation to recent applications. Links are made to important research fields and applications such as elementary particle physics, solid state physics and nuclear magnetic resonance in medicine, biology and material science. Special emphasis is paid to quantum physics in nanoelectronics such as resonant tunnelling, Coulomb blockade and the realisation of quantum bits. This second edition also considers quantum transport through quantum point contacts and its application as charge detectors in nanoelectronic circuits. Also the realization and the study of electronic properties of an artificial quantum dot molecule are presented. Because of its recent interest a brief discussion of Bose-Einstein condensation has been included, as well as the recently detected Higgs particle. Another essential new addition to the present book concerns a detailed discussion of the particle picture in quantum field theory. Counterintuitive aspects of single particle quantum physics such as particle-wave duality and the Einstein-Podolski-Rosen (EPR) paradox appear more acceptable to our understanding if discussed on the background of quantum field theory. The non-locality of quantum fields explains non-local behaviour of particles in classical Schrödinger quantum mechanics. Finally, new problems have been added. The book is suitable as an introduction into quantum physics, not only for physicists but also for chemists, biologists, engineers, computer scientists and even for philosophers as far as they are interested in natural philosophy and epistemology.

The Simpsons and Their Mathematical Secrets

Author: Simon Singh
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1620402777
Format: PDF
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Based on interviews with the writers of The Simpsons and accompanied by images from the show, facsimiles of scripts, paintings and drawings and other imagery, this fascinating book reveals the meaningful mathematical concepts behind the most successful show in TV history.

The Worldwide List of Alternative Theories and Critics

Author: Jean de Climont
Publisher: Editions d Assailly
ISBN: 2902425171
Format: PDF, ePub
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This directory includes the scientists found in the Internet. The scientists of the directory are only those involved in physics (natural philosophy). The list includes 9000 names of scientists, doctors or engineers for more than 50%. Their position is shortly presented together with their proposed alternative theory when applicable. There are more than 1000 such theories, all amazingly very different from one another. Ce répertoire, exclusivement disponible en langue anglaise, inclut les scientifiques, exclusivement dans le domaine de la physique, référencés sur Internet. La liste comporte plus de 9000 noms de scientifiques, docteurs ou ingénieurs à plus de 50%. Elle précise leur position de manière succincte et expose, le cas échéant, les lignes directrices de la solution alternative qu'ils proposent. Il y a ainsi plus de 1000 théories, toutes remarquablement différentes.

Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces

Author: Harald Ibach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540347100
Format: PDF
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This graduate-level textbook covers the major developments in surface sciences of recent decades, from experimental tricks and basic techniques to the latest experimental methods and theoretical understanding. It is unique in its attempt to treat the physics of surfaces, thin films and interfaces, surface chemistry, thermodynamics, statistical physics and the physics of the solid/electrolyte interface in an integral manner, rather than in separate compartments. It is designed as a handbook for the researcher as well as a study-text for graduate students. Written explanations are supported by 350 graphs and illustrations.

Physics of Sailing

Author: John Kimball
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420073775
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Breaking down the complicated concepts of speed, acceleration, torque, fluid mechanics, and surface physics, Physics of Sailing provides a lively, easily accessible introduction to the basic science underlying the sport of sailing. It illustrates the many ways physics can be used to understand the principles of sailboat propulsion and how a scientific understanding of the boat, wind, and water can lead to more skillful sailing. After a brief but insightful tour of the history of sailing, the book explores the physics involved in making faster sailing crafts for both upwind and downwind sailing, including Newton’s impact theory of fluid resistance and lift and drag phenomena. It compares possible sail shapes, presents measurements of hull smoothness, and describes wind turbulence, the nature of water waves, and the structure of wakes. Using the physics of optics, the author also explains the connection between water’s appearance and the wind. Along with a glossary of sailing terms, he includes many examples throughout to illustrate the concepts in practice. Avoiding unnecessary formalisms, this book skillfully applies the principles of fluid mechanics to sailboat technology and the art of sailing. It should help you become a more knowledgeable sailor.

Silicon Photonics II

Author: David J Lockwood
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642105067
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is volume II of a series of books on silicon photonics. It gives a fascinating picture of the state-of-the-art in silicon photonics from a component perspective. It presents a perspective on what can be expected in the near future. It is formed from a selected number of reviews authored by world leaders in the field, and is written from both academic and industrial viewpoints. An in-depth discussion of the route towards fully integrated silicon photonics is presented. This book will be useful not only to physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and engineers but also to graduate students who are interested in the fields of micro- and nanophotonics and optoelectronics.

Mid infrared Semiconductor Optoelectronics

Author: Anthony Krier
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1846282098
Format: PDF
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Optoelectronic devices operating in the mid-infrared wavelength range offer applications in a variety of areas from environmental gas monitoring around oil rigs to the detection of narcotics. They could also be used for free-space optical communications, thermal imaging applications and the development of "homeland security" measures. Mid-infrared Semiconductor Optoelectronics is an overview of the current status and technological development in this rapidly emerging area; the basic physics, some of the problems facing the design engineer and a comparison of possible solutions are laid out; the different lasers used as sources for mid-infrared technology are considered; recent work in detectors is reviewed; the last part of the book is concerned with applications. With a world-wide authorship of experts working in many mid-infrared-related fields this book will be an invaluable reference for researchers and graduate students drawn from physics, electronic and electrical engineering and materials science.

New Theory about Light and Colour

Author: Sir Isaac Newton
Publisher: Library of Alexandria
ISBN: 1465595619
Format: PDF
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To perform my late promise to you, I shall without further ceremony acquaint you, that in the beginning of the Year 1666 (at which time I applyed my self to the grinding of Optick glasses of other figures than Spherical,) I procured me a Triangular glass-Prisme, to try therewith the celebrated Phænomena of Colours. And in order thereto having darkened my chamber, and made a small hole in my window-shuts, to let in a convenient quantity of the Suns light, I placed my Prisme at his entrance, that it might be thereby refracted to the opposite wall. It was at first a very pleasing divertisement, to view the vivid and intense colours produced thereby; but after a while applying my self to consider them more circumspectly, I became surprised to see them in an oblong form; which, according to the received laws of Refraction, I expected should have been circular. They were terminated at the sides with streight lines, but at the ends, the decay of light was so gradual, that it was difficult to determine justly, what was their figure; yet they seemed semicircular. Comparing the length of this coloured Spectrum with its breadth, I found it about five times greater; a disproportion so extravagant, that it excited me to a more then ordinary curiosity of examining, from whence it might proceed. I could scarce think, that the various Thickness of the glass, or the termination with shadow or darkness, could have any Influence on light to produce such an effect; yet I thought it not amiss, first to examine those circumstances, and so tryed, what would happen by transmitting light through parts of the glass of divers thicknesses, or through holes in the window of divers bignesses, or by setting the Prisme without so, that the light might pass through it, and be refracted before it was terminated by the hole: But I found none of those circumstances material. The fashion of the colours was in all these cases the same.

Waveguide Optoelectronics

Author: J.H. Marsh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401118345
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The NATO Advanced Study on Waveguide Optoelectronics was held at the Kelvin Conference Centre in Glasgow, Scotland, between 30 July and 10 August 1990. In aliSO students and 15 lecturers attended the ASI. The successof the meeting was due not only to the high quality of the presentations but also to the enthusiasm ofall the participants and their willingness to take part in the discussion and poster sessions. 1990 was also the year in which Glasgow was the European City of Culture. This resulted in interesting diversions during the middle weekend of the school and also made the meeting probably the first NATO ASI to share accommodation with the Bolshoi Opera and Ballet who gave memorable performances as partof the City's celebrations. This volume is, however, intended to be more than merely a record of presentations at the NATO meeting. The authors have written their material so as to be approachable by a first degree graduate with some background in optoelectronics. The principal materials considered are the III-V semiconductors, lithium niobate and silica. Recent developments towards optoelectronic integration in semiconductors, developments in devices fabricated in doped silica and doped lithium niobate, and developments in all-optical switching networks are highlighted. The role of reduced dimensional structures is examined in some detail.