Radiation and Modern Life

Author: Alan E. Waltar
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1615923160
Format: PDF
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Introduction by Dr. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, granddaughter of Marie Curie... an interesting and valuable work that takes the reader from the discovery of nuclear radiation by Pierre and Marie Curie at the turn of the 20th century to the many uses of radiation at the present time.... All is written in nontechnical, easily understood language.- Science Books & Films...this excellent book...explains radiation and its applications in a manner easily understood by all readers...a wonderful tribute to a woman who did not let gender bias keep her from pursuing her dreams.- AWIS (Association for Women In Science) MagazineExcellent book! As his text moves from the discoveries of Madame Curie to the immense benefits that radiation processes provide to mankind, Alan Waltar shows how her words 'Nothing in life is to be feared, it is to be understood' guided her work and those of later researchers. ... From her pioneering work to a broad-based range of industries contributing more than $400 billion annually to the U.S. economy and over 4 million jobs, Dr. Walter weaves a fascinating narrative of human exploration and technology utilization.-U.S. Senator Pete Domenici, Chairman of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources CommitteeWith an introduction by Marie Curie's granddaughter, nuclear physicist Dr. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, who reveals a host of interesting and hitherto unknown stories about her famous family (winners of five Nobel Prizes), this unique popular science book dispels many unfounded fears and provides a wealth of valuable information.As we celebrate the 100th anniversary of Marie Curie's first Nobel Prize, awarded to her and her husband, Pierre, for their monumental discovery of radioactivity, it is an ideal time to reflect on the countless ways that their astounding work has so marvelously enriched our daily lives. Despite public fears of the potentially harmful effects of radiation from nuclear waste, we in fact rely on its many beneficial uses everyday for fresh food preservation, fighting terrorism, stopping crime, cancer detection and treatment, spacecraft power, and numerous other life-enhancing applications.In this lucid overview of radiation's many great benefits and ongoing potential, Dr. Alan E. Waltar, past president of the American Nuclear Society, explains how this important energy source has been harnessed to serve a plethora of humanitarian tasks. Through artful use of vivid anecdotes that give vibrancy to technical explanations, Waltar provides numerous examples of radiation's many uses in agriculture, medicine, electricity generation, modern industry, transportation, public safety, environmental protection, space exploration, and even archeology and the arts. Estimating the total financial contribution of all these varied uses, Waltar comes to the startling revelation that radiation technology now contributes more than $420 billion to the U.S. economy and over 4.4 million jobs. In only one century, Marie Curie's discoveries have provided an infrastructure larger than the entire U.S. airline industry.In the future Dr. Waltar foresees continuous improvement in many areas of science, industry, and medicine through tapping the incredible potential of Marie Curie's initial insights. At a time when our dependency on foreign oil makes us vulnerable and when we know that our fossil fuel resources will soon be used up, we need to understand radiation more than ever. This superb book will provide that necessary insight.Alan E. Waltar, Ph.D., is Director of Nuclear Energy for the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the author of America the Powerless: Facing Our Nuclear Energy Dilemma and Fast Breeder Reactors (coauthored with Albert B. Reynolds), in addition to numerous scientific articles. He was formerly head of the department of nuclear engineering at Texas A & M University.

Marie Curie

Author: Janice Borzendowski
Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
ISBN: 9781402753183
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A biography of the scientist and Nobel Prize winner Marie Curie explores both Curie's personal and professional life.

Marie Curie

Author: Janice Borzendowski
Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
ISBN: 9781402765438
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A biography of the scientist and Nobel Prize winner Marie Curie explores both Curie's personal and professional life.

Marie Curie

Author: Susan Quinn
Publisher: Da Capo Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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A biographical study of the Nobel-Prize-winning physicist discusses her scientific research and contributions, the discovery of radium, and her personal life and relationships

Underexposed

Author: Ed Hiserodt
Publisher: BookBaby
ISBN: 1483509087
Format: PDF, Mobi
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There is a very large disconnect between the actual dangers of exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation and the fears of such exposure. A tiny leak at a nuclear power plant is front page news, while there has never been a death or even an injury to the public from escaping radiation. Meanwhile 50,000 deaths from auto accidents go almost unnoticed. This fear is particularly ironic since hundreds of studies show that low doses of ionizing radiation result is lower cancer rates and overall mortality. One of these studies examined in some detail was done by Johns-Hopkins involving an initial pool of 700,000 workers, some of whom worked on ships with nuclear propulsion, while others (randomly selected) were employed on non-nuclear ships. The nuclear workers had a standard mortality rate of 0.76 times that of non-nuclear workers. In largest "ecological" study in history, Professor Bernard Cohen of Pittsburgh University was attempting to correlate level of residential radon with lung cancer. He was astonished to find that the opposite was true -- the more radon, the less cancer. Of course these data, from 1,729 counties (about 90% of the U.S.), didn't faze the Environmental Protection Agency that has continued its crusade against radon exposure. The positive benefits of low doses of radiation is known as "hormesis" and is identified in over 150 studies and other documented evidence presented in the book.

Food Irradiation Research and Technology

Author: Christopher H. Sommers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470276398
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The benefits of food irradiation to the public health have been described extensively by organizations such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the U.S. and the World Health Organization. The American Medical Association and the American Dietetic Association have both endorsed the irradiation process. Yet the potential health benefits of irradiation are unknown to many consumers and food industry representatives who are wary of irradiated foods due to myth-information from “consumer-advocate” groups. Food Irradiation Research and Technology presents the latest scientific findings of researchers at the leading edge of food irradiation. In this book, experts from industry, government, and academia: define the basic principles of irradiation and the public health benefits of irradiation describe advances in irradiation technology, detection technology, and radiation dosimetry review the regulations pertaining to food irradiation and the toxicological safety data provide food industry representatives and public health officials with effective methodologies to educate consumers and counteract misinformation review recent advances in the irradiation of meat and poultry, fruits and vegetables, seafood, and the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary treatment Food Irradiation Research and Technology appeals to a broad readership: industry food scientists involved in the processing of meat and fish, fruits and vegetables; food microbiologists and radiation processing specialists; government and industry representatives involved in the import and export of food commodities; and industry, local, and state officials involved in educational efforts regarding food irradiation. Food scientists and technologists share a responsibility to ensure that educational materials provided to the public regarding food safety and processing technologies are based on sound science and fact, not on misconceptions. Food Irradiation Research and Technology meets that goal.

Ernest Rutherford

Author: J. L. Heilbron
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190284196
Format: PDF, ePub
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An engaging biography that captures the excitement of the early days of nuclear physics, Ernest Rutherford tells the story of the down-to-earth New Zealander who became one of the foremost pioneers of subatomic physics. Rutherford's achievements were numerous and included: * Inventing a detector for electromagnetic waves * Discovering the existence of alpha and beta rays in uranium radiation * Creating (with Frederick Soddy) the "disintegration theory" of radioactivity, which regards radioactive phenomena as atomic -- not molecular -- processes * Demonstrating that the inner structures of elements correspond with a group of lines that characterize them, which could then be assigned an atomic number and, more important, the properties of each element could be defined by this number * And his greatest contribution of all - he discovered that the atom had a nucleus and that it contained the positively charged proton From his early days as a scholarship student to the end of his life as he continued to work in his lab, Ernest Rutherford reveals the life and times of one of the greatest minds of the twentieth century. Oxford Portraits in Science is an on-going series of scientific biographies for young adults. Written by top scholars and writers, each biography examines the personality of its subject as well as the thought process leading to his or her discoveries. These illustrated biographies combine accessible technical information with compelling personal stories to portray the scientists whose work has shaped our understanding of the natural world.

The Age of Radiance

Author: Craig Nelson
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 145166043X
Format: PDF
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A narrative of the Atomic Age by the award-winning author of Rocket Man explores the complexities of nuclear energy, citing the contributions of such individuals as Marie Curie, Albert Einstein and Robert Oppenheimer while sharing lesser-known historical details.

Radiation and Health

Author: Thormod Henriksen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203166352
Format: PDF, ePub
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Radiation and the effects of radioactivity have been known for more than 100 years. International research spanning this period has yielded a great deal of information about radiation and its biological effects and this activity has resulted in the discovery of many applications in medicine and industry including cancer therapy, medical diagnostics, and quality control during manufacturing. After Chernobyl, there has been a tendency to regard radiation as harmful, even in situations where the doses are equal to or below the natural level. Radiation and Health presents a balanced view of the nature of radiation and its existence in the environment, as well as discussing its effects on plants, animals and humans. It also provides a survey of knowledge to date, from the discovery and basic theory of radiation and radioactivity to more recent developments concerned with the nature of radiation and its effect on biological systems. Numerous examples, exercises, and diagrams are included to make this book accessible to non-specialists. Radiation and Health provides information about the uses and consequences of ionizing radiation in medicine, research, and industry. It offers a basis for applying some basic calculations and comparing the results, and identifies risk factors to help establish rules and regulations that limit radiation doses, both to the individual and to society.