Ravensbruck

Author: Sarah Helm
Publisher: Anchor Books
ISBN: 9780307278715
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A masterly and moving account of the most horrific hidden atrocity of World War II: Ravensbrück, the only Nazi concentration camp built for women On a sunny morning in May 1939 a phalanx of 867 women--housewives, doctors, opera singers, politicians, prostitutes--was marched through the woods fifty miles north of Berlin, driven on past a shining lake, then herded in through giant gates. Whipping and kicking them were scores of German women guards. Their destination was Ravensbrück, a concentration camp designed specifically for women by Heinrich Himmler, prime architect of the Holocaust. By the end of the war 130,000 women from more than twenty different European countries had been imprisoned there; among the prominent names were Geneviève de Gaulle, General de Gaulle's niece, and Gemma La Guardia Gluck, sister of the wartime mayor of New York. Only a small number of these women were Jewish; Ravensbrück was largely a place for the Nazis to eliminate other inferior beings--social outcasts, Gypsies, political enemies, foreign resisters, the sick, the disabled, and the "mad." Over six years the prisoners endured beatings, torture, slave labor, starvation, and random execution. In the final months of the war, Ravensbrück became an extermination camp. Estimates of the final death toll by April 1945 have ranged from 30,000 to 90,000. For decades the story of Ravensbrück was hidden behind the Iron Curtain, and today it is still little known. Using testimony unearthed since the end of the Cold War and interviews with survivors who have never talked before, Sarah Helm has ventured into the heart of the camp, demonstrating for the reader in riveting detail how easily and quickly the unthinkable horror evolved. Far more than a catalog of atrocities, however, Ravensbrück is also a compelling account of what one survivor called "the heroism, superhuman tenacity, and exceptional willpower to survive." For every prisoner whose strength failed, another found the will to resist through acts of self-sacrifice and friendship, as well as sabotage, protest, and escape. While the core of this book is told from inside the camp, the story also sheds new light on the evolution of the wider genocide, the impotence of the world to respond, and Himmler's final attempt to seek a separate peace with the Allies using the women of Ravensbrück as a bargaining chip. Chilling, inspiring, and deeply unsettling, Ravensbrück is a groundbreaking work of historical investigation. With rare clarity, it reminds us of the capacity of humankind both for bestial cruelty and for courage against all odds. From the Hardcover edition.

Author: Ian Kershaw
Publisher: Patakis
ISBN: 9601645632
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Μια βαθιά διορατική κοινωνική ιστορία της ανόδου του Χίτλερ στην εξουσία και των στάσεων που τήρησε ο γερμανικός λαός κατά τη διάρκεια της περιόδου του Τρίτου Ράιχ.Βασισμένο σε τρεις και πλέον δεκαετίες εξαντλητικής ιστοριογραφικής έρευνας γύρω από τη ναζιστική Γερμανία, το βιβλίο του Kershaw συνθέτει για πρώτη φορά τις σημαντικότερες και πιο σημαίνουσες πτυχές της έρευνας του διαπρεπούς Βρετανού ιστορικού για το Ολοκαύτωμα. Τα κεφάλαια είναι δομημένα σε τρεις ενότητες –ο Χίτλερ και η Τελική Λύση, η κοινή γνώμη και οι Εβραίοι στη ναζιστική Γερμανία, και η Τελική Λύση στην ιστοριογραφία– ενώ ο συγγραφέας προσφέρει επίσης μια εισαγωγή, και έναν επίλογο για τη μοναδικότητα του ναζισμού. Ο ιστορικός Ian Kershaw είναι θεμελιωτής της κοινωνικής ιστορίας του Τρίτου Ράιχ και σε όλη τη διάρκεια της καριέρας του διεξήγε πρωτοποριακές έρευνες για τα κοινωνικά αίτια και τις επιπτώσεις της ναζιστικής πολιτικής. Με το έργο του έχει φέρει στο φως αμέτρητα στοιχεία ως προς τους τρόπους με τους οποίους οι διάφορες στάσεις που υιοθέτησε ο γερμανικός λαός διαμόρφωσαν ή δε διαμόρφωσαν τη ναζιστική πολιτική. Ο παρών τόμος προσφέρει μια σφαιρική, πολυεπίπεδη εικόνα τόσο της ολέθριας δυναμικής της ναζιστικής ηγεσίας όσο και της στάσης και συμπεριφοράς απλών Γερμανών ενόσω ο διωγμός των Εβραίων κλιμακωνόταν για να πάρει τη μορφή ολοσχερούς γενοκτονίας.

A Global History of Convicts and Penal Colonies

Author: Clare Anderson
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350000698
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Between 1415, when the Portuguese first used convicts for colonization purposes in the North African enclave of Ceuta, to the 1960s and the dissolution of Stalin's gulags, global powers including the Spanish, Dutch, Portuguese, British, Russians, Chinese and Japanese transported millions of convicts to forts, penal settlements and penal colonies all over the world. A Global History of Convicts and Penal Colonies builds on specific regional archives and literatures to write the first global history of penal transportation. The essays explore the idea of penal transportation as an engine of global change, in which political repression and forced labour combined to produce long-term impacts on economy, society and identity. They investigate the varied and interconnected routes convicts took to penal sites across the world, and the relationship of these convict flows to other forms of punishment, unfree labour, military service and indigenous incarceration. They also explore the lived worlds of convicts, including work, culture, religion and intimacy, and convict experience and agency.

The Holocaust An Encyclopedia and Document Collection 4 volumes

Author: Paul R. Bartrop
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440840849
Format: PDF, ePub
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This four-volume set provides reference entries, primary documents, and personal accounts from individuals who lived through the Holocaust that allow readers to better understand the cultural, political, and economic motivations that spurred the Final Solution. • Provides an easily readable encyclopedic collection of secondary source materials, such as reference entries, maps, and tables, that offer a breadth of content for understanding the Holocaust • Examines a broad range of themes relating to the Holocaust, enabling readers to consider important questions about the historical experience and its implications for today • Includes two volumes of primary source material that introduce users to the cultural, political, and economic motivations that spurred the Final Solution • Presents memoirs and personal narratives that showcase the experiences of survivors and resistors who lived through the chaos and horror of the Final Solution • Includes a comprehensive bibliography that serves as a gateway to further research

Marcel s Letters

Author: Carolyn Porter
Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.
ISBN: 1510719342
Format: PDF, ePub
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Finalist for the 2018 Minnesota Book Award A graphic designer’s search for inspiration leads to a cache of letters and the mystery of one man’s fate during World War II. Seeking inspiration for a new font design in an antique store in small-town Stillwater, Minnesota, graphic designer Carolyn Porter stumbled across a bundle of letters and was immediately drawn to their beautifully expressive pen-and-ink handwriting. She could not read the letters—they were in French—but she noticed all of them had been signed by a man named Marcel and mailed from Berlin to his family in France during the middle of World War II. As Carolyn grappled with designing the font, she decided to have one of Marcel’s letters translated. Reading it opened a portal to a different time, and what began as mere curiosity quickly became an obsession with finding out why the letter writer, Marcel Heuzé, had been in Berlin, how his letters came to be on sale in a store halfway around the world, and, most importantly, whether he ever returned to his beloved wife and daughters after the war. Marcel’s Letters is the incredible story of Carolyn’s increasingly desperate search to uncover the mystery of one man’s fate during WWII, seeking answers across Germany, France, and the United States. Simultaneously, she continues to work on what would become the acclaimed P22 Marcel font, immortalizing the man and his letters that waited almost seventy years to be reunited with his family.

A Life in Secrets

Author: Sarah Helm
Publisher: Anchor
ISBN: 0307487474
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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From an award-winning journalist comes this real-life cloak-and-dagger tale of Vera Atkins, one of Britain’s premiere secret agents during World War II. As the head of the French Section of the British Special Operations Executive, Vera Atkins recruited, trained, and mentored special operatives whose job was to organize and arm the resistance in Nazi-occupied France. After the war, Atkins courageously committed herself to a dangerous search for twelve of her most cherished women spies who had gone missing in action. Drawing on previously unavailable sources, Sarah Helm chronicles Atkins’s extraordinary life and her singular journey through the chaos of post-war Europe. Brimming with intrigue, heroics, honor, and the horrors of war, A Life in Secrets is the story of a grand, elusive woman and a tour de force of investigative journalism.

Ravensbr ck

Author: Jack Gaylord Morrison
Publisher: Markus Wiener Pub
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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Presents a case study of the Ravensbruck concentration camp, the only Nazi camp in Germany specifically designed for women. It successfully blends the larger history of Nazi Germany with the women's experiences, interspersing the text with illustrations done mostly by camp inmates.

Spanish Women Writers and Spain s Civil War

Author: Maryellen Bieder
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1134777167
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) pitted conservative forces including the army, the Church, the Falange (fascist party), landowners, and industrial capitalists against the Republic, installed in 1931 and supported by intellectuals, the petite bourgeoisie, many campesinos (farm laborers), and the urban proletariat. Provoking heated passions on both sides, the Civil War soon became an international phenomenon that inspired a number of literary works reflecting the impact of the war on foreign and national writers. While the literature of the period has been the subject of scholarship, women's literary production has not been studied as a body of work in the same way that literature by men has been, and its unique features have not been examined. Addressing this lacuna in literary studies, this volume provides fresh perspectives on well-known women writers, as well as less studied ones, whose works take the Spanish Civil War as a theme. The authors represented in this collection reflect a wide range of political positions. Writers such as Maria Zambrano, Mercè Rodoreda, and Josefina Aldecoa were clearly aligned with the Republic, whereas others, including Mercedes Salisachs and Liberata Masoliver, sympathized with the Nationalists. Most, however, are situated in a more ambiguous political space, although the ethics and character portraits that emerge in their works might suggest Republican sympathies. Taken together, the essays are an important contribution to scholarship on literature inspired by this pivotal point in Spanish history.

If This Is A Woman

Author: Sarah Helm
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 074811243X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Winner of the Longman-History Today Book Prize 2016 On a sunny morning in May 1939 a phalanx of 800 women - housewives, doctors, opera singers, politicians, prostitutes - were marched through the woods fifty miles north of Berlin, driven on past a shining lake, then herded through giant gates. Whipping and kicking them were scores of German women guards. Their destination was Ravensbrück, a concentration camp designed specifically for women by Heinrich Himmler, prime architect of the Nazi genocide. For decades the story of Ravensbrück was hidden behind the Iron Curtain and today is still little known. Using testimony unearthed since the end of the Cold War, and interviews with survivors who have never spoken before, Helm has ventured into the heart of the camp, demonstrating for the reader in riveting detail how easily and quickly the unthinkable horror evolved.

Holocaust Survivors and Immigrants

Author: Boaz Kahana
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387229737
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Based on a unique research study, this volume examines the later life development of Holocaust survivors from Israel and the US. Through systematic interviews, the authors – noted researchers and clinicians – collected data about the lives of these survivors and how they compared to peers who did not share this experience. The orientation of the book synthesizes several conceptual approaches – gerontological and life span development, stress research, and traumatology, and also reflects the varied disciplines of the authors, spanning psychology, social work, and sociology. The result is a multi-faceted view of their subject with an understanding of the individual, society, and the interaction of the two, tempered by the authors’ own Holocaust experiences. Chapters cover a range of areas including stress and coping of these survivors, reviews of their heath and mental health, an examination of their social integration, as well as a review of the multiple predictors of psychological well-being and adaptation to aging. This book will be of interest to psychologists, social workers, sociologists, psychiatrists, and all those who study both trauma and aging.