Readers of the Book of Life

Author: Anton Markos
Publisher: Taylor & Francis US
ISBN: 9780195149487
Format: PDF
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"This book should interest scholars in both biology and the humanities. To bring both kinds of reader to a common platform, the first part compares two problem-solving strategies: the "objectivist" approach common in natural sciences and hermeneutics as used in the humanities. The second part surveys aspects of the development of twentieth-century biology, also accentuating branches that never became part of today's mainstream. The third part reviews a large body of recent evidence, which can be interpreted in favor of the author's arguments."--BOOK JACKET.

Dilthey als Wissenschaftsphilosoph

Author: Christian Damböck
Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH
ISBN: 3495861157
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Die Dilthey-Forschung der letzten Jahre hat Dilthey tendenziell von dem Bild einer rein "kontinentalen" Philosophie der Hermeneutik des Lebens weggerückt. Vielmehr war sein Wissenschaftsverständnis holistisch und einem umfassenden Erfahrungsbegriff verpflichtet. Statt Geistes- und Naturwissenschaften einander entgegenzusetzen, brachte er eine empiristisch eingestellte akademische Philosophie auf den Weg. Mit Beiträgen von Christian Damböck, Gottfried Gabriel, Helmut Johach, Gudrun Kühne-Bertram, Hans-Ulrich Lessing, Sebastian Luft, Rudolf A. Makkreel, Jos de Mul, Ernst Wolfgang Orth, Helmut Pulte und Kurt Walter Zeidler.

Network Nature

Author: Richard Coyne
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350029513
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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How do people avoid the stresses of the digital age? Urban dwellers must now turn to nature to recover, restore and rebalance after the stresses brought on by relentless digital connectivity. It is easy to task nature as the cure, with technology as the ailment. In Network Nature, Richard Coyne challenges the definitions of both the natural and the artificial that support this time-worn narrative of nature's benefits. In the process, he attacks the counter-claim that nature must succumb to the sovereignty of digital data. Covering a spectrum of issues and concepts, from big data and biohacking to animality, numinous spaces and the post-digital, he draws on the rich field of semiotics as applied to natural systems and human communication, to enhance our understanding of place, landscape and architecture in a digital world.

Desiderium

Author: Jörg Disse
Publisher: Kohlhammer Verlag
ISBN: 3170314742
Format: PDF
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Wonach verlangt der Mensch? Quod desiderat? Verlangen ist vielfältig, vielschichtig, oft widersprüchlich auf verschiedenste Ziele gerichtet: Von der Befriedigung einfachster, biologisch bedingter Bedürfnisse wie Hunger, Durst oder Sexualität, bis hin zu elaborierten Formen von Verlangen nach Selbstverwirklichung, sozialer Anerkennung oder religiöser Erfahrung. Wonach aber verlangt der Mensch letztendlich? Gibt es überhaupt ein letztes, für alle Menschen gleiches, höchstes Ziel des Verlangens? Disse untersucht "Verlangen" als ein Phänomen im Schnittmengenbereich von anthropologischer und psychologischer Philosophie. Er setzt sich auseinander mit dem bereits bei Platon angedeuteten und von Augustinus und Thomas von Aquin formulierten anthropologischen Grundsatz, wonach sich alles Verlangen letztlich auf ein höchstes Gut bzw. Gott richtet, und hinterfragt unter Berücksichtigung der gegenwärtigen Phänomenologie, Psychoanalyse, empirischen Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften die Thematik philosophisch neu.

Concepts in Cell Biology History and Evolution

Author: Vaidurya Pratap Sahi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331969944X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book discusses central concepts and theories in cell biology from the ancient past to the 21st century, based on the premise that understanding the works of scientists like Hooke, Hofmeister, Caspary, Strasburger, Sachs, Schleiden, Schwann, Mendel, Nemec, McClintock, etc. in the context of the latest advances in plant cell biology will help provide valuable new insights. Plants have been an object of study since the roots of the Greek, Chinese and Indian cultures. Since the term “cell” was first coined by Robert Hooke, 350 years ago in Micrographia, the study of plant cell biology has moved ahead at a tremendous pace. The field of cell biology owes its genesis to physics, which through microscopy has been a vital source for piquing scientists’ interest in the biology of the cell. Today, with the technical advances we have made in the field of optics, it is even possible to observe life on a nanoscale. From Hooke’s observations of cells and his inadvertent discovery of the cell wall, we have since moved forward to engineering plants with modified cell walls. Studies on the chloroplast have also gone from Julius von Sachs’ experiments with chloroplast, to using chloroplast engineering to deliver higher crop yields. Similarly, advances in fluorescent microscopy have made it far easier to observe organelles like chloroplast (once studied by Sachs) or actin (observed by Bohumil Nemec). If physics in the form of cell biology has been responsible for one half of this historical development, biochemistry has surely been the other.

Towards a Semiotic Biology

Author: Claus Emmeche
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1908977817
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book presents programmatic texts on biosemiotics, written collectively by world leading scholars in the field (Deacon, Emmeche, Favareau, Hoffmeyer, Kull, Markoš, Pattee, Stjernfelt). In addition, the book includes chapters which focus closely on semiotic case studies (Bruni, Kotov, Maran, Neuman, Turovski). According to the central thesis of biosemiotics, sign processes characterise all living systems and the very nature of life, and their diverse phenomena can be best explained via the dynamics and typology of sign relations. The authors are therefore presenting a deeper view on biological evolution, intentionality of organisms, the role of communication in the living world and the nature of sign systems — all topics which are described in this volume. This has important consequences on the methodology and epistemology of biology and study of life phenomena in general, which the authors aim to help the reader better understand. Contents:Why Biosemiotics? An Introduction to Our View on the Biology of Life Itself (Kalevi Kull, Claus Emmeche & Jesper Hoffmeyer)Biosemiotic Approach: General Principles:Theses on Biosemiotics: Prolegomena to a Theoretical Biology (Kalevi Kull, Terrence Deacon, Claus Emmeche, Jesper Hoffmeyer & Frederik Stjernfelt)Biology is Immature Biosemiotics (Jesper Hoffmeyer)Biosemiotic Research Questions (Kalevi Kull, Claus Emmeche & Donald Favareau)Organism and Body: The Semiotics of Emergent Levels of Life (Claus Emmeche)Life is Many, and Sign is Essentially Plural: On the Methodology of Biosemiotics (Kalevi Kull)Applications:The Need for Impression in the Semiotics of Animal Freedom: A Zoologist's Attempt to Perceive the Semiotic Aim of H Hediger (Aleksei Turovski)The Multitrophic Plant-Herbivore-Parasitoid-Pathogen System: A Biosemiotic Perspective (Luis Emilio Bruni)Structure and Semiosis in Biological Mimicry (Timo Maran)Semiosphere is the Relational Biosphere (Kaie Kotov & Kalevi Kull)Why Do We Need Signs in Biology? (Yair Neuman)Conversations:Between Physics and Semiotics (Howard H Pattee & Kalevi Kull)A Roundtable on (Mis)Understanding of Biosemiotics (Claus Emmeche, Jesper Hoffmeyer, Kalevi Kull, Anton Markoš, Frederik Stjernfelt & Donald Favareau)Theories of Signs and Meaning: Views from Copenhagen and Tartu (Jesper Hoffmeyer & Kalevi Kull) Readership: Semioticians, biologists and those interested in the philosophy of science. Keywords:Biosemiotics;Theoretical Biology;Semiosis;Biocommunication;Semiotics;Philosophy of Biology;EthologyKey Features:This is a unique collection of the major recent contributions by the leading scientists in the field of biosemioticsThis volume will for the first time present a collective view of the group of scholars who have built the current understanding of biosemiotics (i.e. the community of researchers emanating from the major biosemiotic centers of Copenhagen and Tartu into other places worldwide)

Handbook of personology and psychopathology

Author: Stephen Strack
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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Personology is the study of human character in all of its complexities, covering the range of normal and pathological individuals, from evolutionary development, classification, diagnosis and measurement, to intervention at the individual, family, and societal levels. This volume, sure to become a classic in the field, provides a state-of-the-art overview of the field of personology, including personality theory, taxonomy, and assessment; diagnosis and treatment of personality disorders; and the interface between normal and abnormal personlity. The breadth and depth of this monumental work and the caliber of its contributors is unsurpassed. * Many of the leading clinicians and researchers in psychology are contributors including Otto Kernberg, John Livesley, Robert Bornstein, Jeffrey Magnavita, Drew Westen, Irving Weiner, and Lorna Benjamin * Represents the culmination of a professional career and a capstone to our publishing program in the area of personality and psychopathology

Genes Information and Semiosis

Author: Charbel Niño El-Hani
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"Up to the middle of the 20th century, biologists studied genes without seeing them as informational structures; information theory was an engineering tool not dealing with the meaning of messages; and, semiotics, the study of signs and their meaning, dealt only with human culture. Today - after progress in molecular biology and a naturalist turn in general semiotics - researchers are beginning to realize that genes, information and semiosis, or sign action, can no longer be understood in isolation. This insight derives from a new scientific field. Biosemiotics investigates the meaning, interpretation, communication, and habit formation of living systems, and the biochemical conditions for sign action. This book clarifies the information talk in molecular and systems biology by building a semiotic model of genes and protein synthesis. It is consistent with the best scientific understanding, and it is non-reductionist, integrating signs, molecules, and natural interpretation. It offers a new definition of gene in biology, and an understanding of information that does not reduce it to digital bits, but sees it as related to the forms and processes of living organisms. Readers not familiar with molecular biology or semiotics are provided with brief introductions to basic concepts. The book is a challenge to entrenched beliefs in the anthropic nature of signs and the substantial nature of genes. No scientific revolutions are offered, but a set of deeper insights into an exciting, new cross disciplinary perspective upon life and signs"--Publisher description.

The reception of Charles Darwin in Europe

Author: Eve-Marie Engels
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Summary: This volume covers Darwin's reception across Europe and his influence on European science and culture.Charles Darwin is a crucial figure in nineteenth-century science with an extensive and varied reception in different countries and disciplines. His theory had a revolutionary impact not only on biology, but also on other natural sciences and the new social sciences. The term 'Darwinism', already popular in Darwin's lifetime, ranged across many different areas and ideological aspects, and his own ideas about the implications of evolution for human cognitive, emotional, social and ethical capacities were often interpreted in a way that did not mirror his own intentions. The implications for religious, philosophical and political issues and institutions remain as momentous today as in his own time.This volume conveys the many-sidedness of Darwin's reception and exhibit his far-reaching impact on our self-understanding as human beings.