READING THE EVIDENCE

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This book was written by seven academics all with extensive published research in the field of literacy: Greg Brooks, Margaret M Clark, Henrietta Dombey and Terry Wrigley from the UK and Misty Adoniou, Robyn Cox and Paul Gardner from Australia (Robyn and Paul had previously worked in England). None of us, as has been claimed, dispute that phonics does have a place in the teaching of reading. Here, set against a wider background of research on literacy, we evaluate the available evidence on the now mandatory policy in England of synthetic phonics as the method of teaching reading and the statutory Phonics Screening Check. We consider the impact of politics on literacy policy and practice, the imposition of synthetic phonics in England as the required method of teaching reading and of the phonics check and its consequences, intended and unintended. In 2012 this check became a statutory assessment for all children at the end of year 1, aged about six years of age, in all State-funded schools in England. The debate is widened to a consideration as to whether in England, as well as in the USA, ideology might be 'trumping evidence' and why Australia should reconsider its proposal to introduce the phonics check from England. The scene is set in the first chapter on 'Learning to be Literate', and in the final chapter 'Neglected lessons from successful classrooms' are reported.

Learning to be Literate

Author: Margaret M Clark
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317286200
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Winner of the prestigious UK Literacy Association Academic Book Award for 2015 in its original edition, this fully revised edition of Learning to be Literate uniquely analyses research into literacy from the 1960s through to 2015 with some surprising conclusions. Margaret Clark explores the argument that young children growing up in a literate environment are forming hypotheses about the print around them, including environmental print, television, computer games and mobile phones. In a class where no child can yet read there is a wide range of understanding with regards to concepts of print and the critical features of written language. While to any literate adult, the relationship between spoken and written language may be obvious, young children have to be helped to discover it. This persuasive argument demonstrates the value of research in order to make informed policy decisions about children’s literacy development. Accessible and succinct, Professor Clark’s writing brings into sharp focus the processes involved in becoming literate. The effect on practice of many recent government policies she claims run counter to these insights. The key five thematic sections are backed up with case studies throughout and include: Insights from Literacy Research: 1960s to 1980s Young Literacy Learners: how we can help them Curriculum Developments and Literacy Policies, 1988 to 1997: a comparison between England and Scotland Synthetic Phonics and Literacy Learning: government policy in England 2006 to 2015 Interpretations of Literacy in the Twenty-first Century

Inclusive Principles and Practices in Literacy Education

Author: Marion Milton
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787145891
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This volume draws together research and practice from the fields of literacy education and inclusion. It provides an insight into current theory, research and issues associated with teaching literacy to all students in inclusive classrooms. Literacy remains a critical success factor for students, as the basis for concurrent and future learning.

Early Reading Instruction

Author: Diane McGuinness
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262263825
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Early Reading Instruction is a comprehensive analysis of the research evidence from early writing systems to computer models of reading. In this book, Diane McGuinness provides an innovative solution to the "reading war" -- the century-old debate over the efficacy of phonics (sound-based) versus whole-word (meaning- based) methods. She has developed a prototype -- a set of elements that are critical to the success of a reading method.McGuinness shows that all writing systems, without exception, are based on a sound unit in the language. This fact, and other findings by paleographers, provides a platform for the prototype. Other elements of the prototype are based on modern research. For example, observational studies in the classroom show that time spent on three activities strongly predicts reading success: learning phoneme/symbol correspondences, practice at blending and segmenting phonemes in words, and copying/writing words, phrases, and sentences. Most so-called literacy activities have no effect, and some, like sight word memorization, have a strongly negative effect.The National Reading Panel (2000) summarized the research on reading methods after screening out thousands of studies that failed to meet minimum scientific standards. In an in-depth analysis of this evidence, McGuinness shows that the most successful methods (children reading a year or more above age norms) include all the elements in the prototype. Finally, she argues, because phonics-type methods are consistently shown to be superior to whole-word methods in studies dating back to the 1960s, it makes no sense to continue this line of research. The most urgent question for future research is how to get the most effective phonics programs into the classroom.

Phonics

Author: Maureen Lewis
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1849203458
Format: PDF, Docs
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Phonics: Practice, Research and Policy unravels the controversy surrounding phonics which currently characterises much of the discussion about reading standards and teaching reading. Bringing some much-needed balance to the debate - the book offers genuinely focused advice on how to make sense of the various theories and on their applications in practice, helping teachers to find the right practical solutions to suit the children in their settings. The book includes chapters on: - How children learn to read and how phonics helps - The role of early phonics teaching - Classroom approaches to phonics teaching - Involving parents and carers - Speaking and phonological awareness - Spelling links - Staff development - Responses to the Rose Review on Early Reading. It will be essential reading for student teachers on initial training courses, and for more experienced staff in a range of school settings.

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Learning to Read

Author: Kathy Hall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135150680
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Learning to Read brings together different disciplinary perspectives and studies on reading for all those who seek to extend and enrich the current practice, research and policy debates. The breadth of knowledge that underpins pedagogy is a central theme and the book will help educators, policy-makers and researchers understand the full range of research perspectives that must inform decisions about the development of reading in schools. The book offers invaluable insights into learners who do not achieve their full potential. The chapters have been written by key figures in education, psychology, sociology and neuroscience, and promote discussion of: comprehension gender and literacy attainment phonics and decoding digital literacy at home and school bilingual learners and reading dyslexia and special educational needs evidence based literacy visual texts. This book encompasses a comprehensive range of conceptual perspectives on reading pedagogy and offers a wealth of new insights to support innovative research directions.

Evidence Check 1

Author: House of Commons Science and Technolog
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780215542663
Format: PDF, ePub
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This report (HCP 44, session 2009-10, ISBN 9780215542663) from the Science and Technology Committee looks at literacy programmes evidence check and concludes that expectations by the Department for Children, Schools and Families of the quality of the evidence base for reading programmes are worryingly low. It urges the Government to commission randomised controlled trials (RCTs). The Committee also states it is particularly concerned about the quality of evidence demonstrating cost-effectiveness of different programmes and further recommends that the Government reviews its guidelines on RCT design; it says even Wikipedia is more thorough and informative. The Committee also concludes, that: the Government's focus on early literacy interventions and phonics-based teaching is based on the best available evidence; the use of Reading Recovery is based on a lower quality of evidence than the Committee is comfortable with and that the decision to introduce Reading Recovery nationally is not evidence based. The Committee further expressed alarm that there was a complete lack of randomised controlled trials using standardised test scores for the Reading Recovery programme in the UK school system, before national implementation of the programme.

Big Brother and the National Reading Curriculum

Author: Richard L. Allington
Publisher: Heinemann Educational Books
ISBN: 9780325005133
Format: PDF
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In this timely and important book, nationally-recognized reading researcher Richard Allington tracks and questions the 30-year campaign that has focused on testing, accountability, and federalization of education.

Teaching Synthetic Phonics

Author: Rhona Johnston
Publisher: Learning Matters
ISBN: 1473908892
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The synthetic phonics approach is used in all primary schools in England. If you are a trainee or beginning primary school teacher, you need to demonstrate a confidence in the teaching of phonics to meet the Teachers' Standards and gain QTS. This is a practical, up-to-date guide to teaching children to read using synthetic phonics. It helps you to understand the theory behind phonics and how children's learning of reading can develop. It gives you practical teaching strategies and outlines how you can assess and diagnose reading problems. This second edition has been updated to include new chapters on the new Phonics Check in year 1 and overviews of popular phonics schemes used in England and Scotland.