Real Estate Investments in Germany

Author: Michael Mütze
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642191002
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
The real estate market in Germany has recovered remarkably well from 2008/09 crisis. Portfolio transactions, infrastructure projects as well as investments in commercial and residential real estate are on the rise. This publication provides investors, property developers and advisers with a practical guideline to the legal, tax and commercial framework for real estate investments in Germany.

Understanding German Real Estate Markets

Author: Tobias Just
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319320319
Format: PDF
Download Now
In this book, experts discuss how German real estate values have remained stable throughout the financial crisis, even though transaction volumes have been very volatile since 2005. Consequently, risk-averse national and international investors have started to invest in virtually all German real estate asset classes. This book tries to answer what has made the German real estate markets more resilient to shocks than many European real estate markets by analyzing the economic, regulatory and demographic environment. In 30 well-structured chapters, experts from both the academic and professional world analyze structural and current issues of German real estate markets. Readers will get a deep understanding of what makes the German real estate market special and where potential opportunities and threats in Europe’s largest real estate market exist.

Guide to Global Real Estate Investment Trusts

Author: Stefano Simontacchi
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041135243
Format: PDF
Download Now
Guide to Global Real Estate Investment Trusts will feature a comprehensive analysis of both the legal and tax underpinnings of REIT-friendly legislation in the world's most significant national jurisdictions. With regard to the legal framework, the structure and functioning of a REIT will be thoroughly investigated. In particular, the issue of whether a REIT is a special vehicle regulated as such by national legislation or, instead, any company vehicle may qualify as a real estate investment fund so long as its activity is limited to effecting and managing real estate investments - whether they are direct or indirect - will be addressed. Issues such as the amount of indebtedness, types of investments permitted, and the like will be carefully examined. In regard to European jurisdictions, the implications of the directives impacting Undertakings for the Collective Investment of Transferable Securities will be accorded particular consideration. In terms of tax issues, the work will focus inter alia on REIT formation, operation and liquidation; mergers, acquisitions and dispositions; as well as planning for public and private REIT offerings and re-securitizations.

German REITs

Author: Felix Leuschner
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638446816
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Diploma Thesis from the year 2005 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: 1,3, Otto Beisheim School of Management Vallendar (WHU - Dresdner Bank Chair of Finance), 33 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: A Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) is a property stock that is taxed, not at the corporate but at the investor level, which can lead to tax advantages. The concept of REITs originated in the United States in 1960, allowing smaller investors access to large income-producing real estate, which facilitated the creation of a liquid asset class that has become a core part of institutional portfolio management. REITs have proven attractive to investors because: x Their returns have beaten most major equity benchmarks over three decades, with lower volatility x They have predictable cash flows and high dividend yields x They have a low correlation with other asset classes, aiding portfolio diversification As US-REITs proved successful, other countries have introduced similar property investment vehicles. The Netherlands started in 1969, followed by Australia (1985), Canada (1994), Belgium (1995), Japan (2000) Singapore (2002), Hong Kong (2003) and most recently France (2003). In Germany real estate has been the most popular investment theme of the past three years, despite its significant underperformance compared to European peers during the past 10 years, with open-end funds receiving almost all money inflows. The listed sector, however, is insignificant, both in terms of size and liquidity, and is in desperate need of a catalyst. The introduction of a G-REIT structure could potentially be the long-awaited saviour that could transfer the importance of German real estate into the listed sector. Given the significance of real estate in their respective markets, the German and UK governments are currently considering the introduction of REITs. Depending on the progress of the consultative and parliamentary process, REITs are expected to be enacted by legislation during 2006 in both countries. The REIT discussion in Germany has reached a serious stage, with all the mostinvolved parties seemingly agreed about the usefulness of a REIT structure. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the case for REITs in Germany, to analyse the progress of REITs in countries that have installed these structures, to consider the on-going debate in Germany and what these developments may eventually mean for the German real estate market.

German commercial Real Estate funds in Sweden

Author: Carolin Dörr
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640098633
Format: PDF
Download Now
Master's Thesis from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1, Royal Insitute of Technology (KTH) Stockholm (Division of Buildings and Real Estate Economics), 80 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This Master Thesis has the aim to identify the investment patterns of German commercial real estate funds in Sweden. Questions of “when”, “how” and “why” they entered the Swedish market are answered. Also the local distribution of these investments is taken into consideration. The motives why they had and still have chosen the Swedish market are explained and compared with several former research papers about foreign investment motives. 19 interviews have been made with German real estate funds as well as Swedish advisor companies in order to answer these questions. The interviews with German funds have shown that they face several problems due to the German Investment Act. The main difficulties are the prohibition of the double layer structure, hierarchy problems and strict regulations concerning investment rules. Thus German funds were limited in their ability to make decisions. But the German Investment Act will change and liberalize the German funds. Thus real estate funds will have the possibility to compete with other investors for projects, which they could not do before. German funds entered the market, because it promised to be a growing and stable market. At the time when German funds entered Sweden, the real estate situation and economic position was better compared with the German business and real estate cycles. The funds were mainly driven by diversification and the high liquidity in Germany. Official statistics showed that diversified international portfolios performed better than national ones. Another point in the investigation is the development of the interest rate in Sweden. Forecasts predict an increasing interest rate and so highly leveraged investors are likely to leave the market. German funds instead can be 100% equity financed and so will win more market share in the next years.

Return Patterns of German Open End Real Estate Funds

Author: Sebastian Michael Gläsner
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783631604069
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
The aim of this study is to better understand stable capital growth of German properties and to contribute to the explanation of stable fund returns. In the course of the investigation, evidence is found that both phenomena are interrelated. All analyses are based on publicly available data; therefore they are not limited by client interests. Results show three different pieces of evidence on return smoothing, namely the influence on valuation, the timing of valuations, and the influence on returns resulting in return differences by calendar months. Together with the notion of internationally uniquely stable returns, it seems impossible to extract true asset volatility from the observed appraisal-based time series.

Real Estate Investment Trusts in Europe

Author: Ramón Sotelo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642368565
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Shortly before of the beginning of the global financial crisis of 2008 REITs were introduced in several European countries based on their success in mature markets like the US, Australia and some Asian countries. While the history of REITs in Europe has been relatively brief, REITs are well on the way to become an industry standard as a real estate investment financial vehicle not only in Europe but throughout the developed world. This book provides both academics and decision makers an introduction to the economics of REITs beyond tax transparency, an overview of the mature REITs markets, and a closer reflection of the development of different REIT-structures in Europe including the history, regulation and markets of each country.