Real Gas Flows with High Velocities

Author: Vladimir V. Lunev
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439804667
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Despite generations of change and recent, rapid developments in gas dynamics and hypersonic theory, relevant literature has yet to catch up, so those in the field are generally forced to rely on dated monographs to make educated decisions that reflect present-day science. Written by preeminent Russian aerospace researcher Vladimir V. Lunev, Real Gas Flows with High Velocities reflects the most current concepts of high-velocity gas dynamics. For those in aviation and aerospace, this is a vital methodical revitalization and reassessment of real gas flows with regard to the physical and gasdynamic effects related to high-velocity flight, and, in particular, the entry of bodies into the atmosphere of Earth and other planets. Much more than just a manual on gas physics, this book: Analyzes fundamental challenges associated with super- and subsonic flight Describes the physical properties of gas mixtures and their associated high-temperature processes from the phenomenological standpoint Explores use of computational mathematics and equipment to simplify previously unsolvable problems of inviscid and viscous gas dynamics Explains why numerical methods remain inferior to analytical methods for creating a conceptual understanding of gas dynamic and other physical problems Avoiding older, cumbersome approximate methods, this reference outlines the general patterns and features of typical flows and how real gas affects them. Referencing simple, analytically treatable examples, similarity laws, and asymptotic analysis, the author omits superfluous explanation of reasoning. This valuable reference summarizes general theory of super- and subsonic flow and uses practical problems to develop a solid understanding of modern real-gas flows and high-velocity gas dynamics.

Fundamentals of Gas Particle Flow

Author: G Rudinger
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444601821
Format: PDF
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Fundamentals of Gas-Particle Flow is an edited, updated, and expanded version of a number of lectures presented on the “Gas-Solid Suspensions course organized by the von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics. Materials presented in this book are mostly analytical in nature, but some experimental techniques are included. The book focuses on relaxation processes, including the viscous drag of single particles, drag in gas-particles flow, gas-particle heat transfer, equilibrium, and frozen flow. It also discusses the dynamics of single particles, such as particles in an arbitrary flow, in a rotating gas, in a Prandtl-Meyer expansion, and in an oscillating flow. The remaining chapters of the book deal with the thermodynamics of gas-particle mixtures, steady flow through ducts, pressure waves, gas-particle jets, boundary layer, and momentum transfer. The experimental techniques included in this book present the powder feeders, the instrumentation on particle flow rate, velocity, concentration and temperature, and the measurement of the particle drag coefficient in a shock tube.

Modeling in Fluid Mechanics

Author: Igor Gaissinski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351029045
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume is dedicated to modeling in fluid mechanics and is divided into four chapters, which contain a significant number of useful exercises with solutions. The authors provide relatively complete references on relevant topics in the bibliography at the end of each chapter.

Development of Volcanic Gas Reservoirs

Author: Qiquan Ran
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 0128163062
Format: PDF
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Development of Volcanic Gas Reservoirs: The Theory, Key Technologies and Practice of Hydrocarbon Development introduces the geological and dynamic characteristics of development in volcanic gas reservoirs, using examples drawn from the practical experience in China of honing volcanic gas reservoir development. The book gives guidance on how to effectively develop volcanic gas reservoirs and similar complex types of gas reservoir. It introduces basic theories, key technologies and uses practical examples. It is the first book to systematically cover the theories and key technologies of volcanic gas reservoir development. As volcanic gas reservoirs constitute a new research area, the distribution and rules for development still being studied. Difficulties in well deployment and supportive development technology engender further challenges to development. However, in the past decade, research and development in the Songliao and Junggar Basins has led to marked achievements in volcanic gas reservoir development. Introduces the theory, key technologies and practice of volcanic gas reservoir development Provides links between theory and practice, highlighting key technologies for targeted development Offers guidance on complex issues in volcanic gas reservoir development Presents practical evidence from effective development and exploitation of gas reservoirs

Nonequilibrium Condensation in High speed Gas Flows

Author: Vladimir Nikolaevich Gorbunov
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9782881246760
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A translation of the 1984 Russian work. Nonequlibrium condensation is an important aspect of weather forecasting, aerosol formation, and the design of jet propulsion engines, steam turbines and nuclear reactors. It has recently taken on a new significance with the development of technologies such as the production of fine powders, cluster spraying, the development of laser media and isotope separation. This volume presents the general theory of condensation in high-speed gas flows, and the new theoretical, experimental and numerical methods necessary for solving the partial differential equations governing the flows. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

High Enthalpy Gas Dynamics

Author: Ethirajan Rathakrishnan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118821890
Format: PDF, Docs
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This is an introductory level textbook which explains the elements of high temperature and high-speed gas dynamics. Readers will gain an understanding how the thermodynamic and transport properties of high temperature gas are determined from a microscopic viewpoint of the molecular gas dynamics, and how such properties affect the flow features, the shock waves and the nozzle flows, from a macroscopic viewpoint. In addition, the experimental facilities for the study on the high enthalpy flows are described in a concise and easy-to-understand style. Practical examples are given throughout emphasizing the application of the theory discussed. Each chapter ends with exercises/problems and solutions to enhance the learning experience. The book begins with the basics about enthalpy, its nature and difference with internal energy and its relationship to heat. Subsequent sections in the chapter on the Basics cover the essence of the gas dynamics of perfect gas, covering all aspects of the theory, which assumes the specific heats of the gas as constants and independent of temperature. The chapter on Thermodynamics of Fluid Flow reviews the concept of energy which plays an important role in both high temperature flows and perfect gas flows. The chapter on Wave Propagation describes the waves, namely the Mach waves, compression waves and expansion waves, which prevail in all gas dynamic streams. The chapter on High Temperature Flows begins with the discussion on the difference between the perfect gas flow and high temperature flow, and proceeds to the importance of high-enthalpy flows covering the nature of high-enthalpy flows, most probable macro state, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics, Boltzmann distribution, evaluation of thermodynamic properties and partition function, covering the various aspects of high-enthalpy flows with shocks. The final chapter on High Enthalpy Facilities describes the devices to provide hypersonic airflows at high enthalpy and high-pressure total conditions.

Fundamentals of Modern Unsteady Aerodynamics

Author: Ülgen Gülçat
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642147616
Format: PDF, ePub
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In this textbook, the author introduces the concept of unsteady aerodynamics and its underlying principles. He provides the readers with a full review of fundamental physics of the free and the forced unsteadines, the terminology and basic equations of aerodynamics ranging from incompressible flow to hypersonics. The book also covers the modern topics concerning the developments made during the last years, especially in relation to wing flappings for propulsion. The book is written for graduate and senior year undergraduate students in Aerodynamics, and it serves as a reference for experienced researchers. Each chapter includes ample examples, questions, problems and relevant references.

Advances in Hypersonics

Author: BERTIN
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817636395
Format: PDF, ePub
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These three volumes entitled Advances in Hypersonics contain the Proceedings of the Second and Third Joint US/Europe Short Course in Hypersonics which took place in Colorado Springs and Aachen. The Second Course was organized at the US Air Force Academy, USA in January 1989 and the Third Course at Aachen, Germany in October 1990. The main idea of these Courses was to present to chemists, com puter scientists, engineers, experimentalists, mathematicians, and physicists state of the art lectures in scientific and technical dis ciplines including mathematical modeling, computational methods, and experimental measurements necessary to define the aerothermo dynamic environments for space vehicles such as the US Orbiter or the European Hermes flying at hypersonic speeds. The subjects can be grouped into the following areas: Phys ical environments, configuration requirements, propulsion systems (including airbreathing systems), experimental methods for external and internal flow, theoretical and numerical methods. Since hyper sonic flight requires highly integrated systems, the Short Courses not only aimed to give in-depth analysis of hypersonic research and technology but also tried to broaden the view of attendees to give them the ability to understand the complex problem of hypersonic flight. Most of the participants in the Short Courses prepared a docu ment based on their presentation for reproduction in the three vol umes. Some authors spent considerable time and energy going well beyond their oral presentation to provide a quality assessment of the state of the art in their area of expertise as of 1989 and 1991.