Recent Advances in Gas Separation by Microporous Ceramic Membranes

Author: N.K. Kanellopoulos
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080540320
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is dedicated to the rapidly growing field of microporous ceramic membranes with separating layers of pore diameter less than 2nm. The chapters of this book bring forward a wide range of issues, namely fundamentals of complex sorption and transport processes in micropore structures, highly innovative methods of preparation of microporous membranes and examples of their possible commercial applications. This book presents insights by distinguished investigators, who have contributed significantly to the advance of research efforts in the diverse topics described herein. Recently, significant progress has been made with respect to the development of novel microporous asymmetric membranes, mainly involving modification by means of deposition of additional material within the pores of the substrates. Most state-of-the-art technologies aiming in the development of microporous ceramic membrane are presented in the third section of the book. These include several material deposition methods and techniques on macroporous or mesoporous supports and substrates from the liquid or vapour phase, namely those involving sol-gel, zeolite and chemical vapour deposition techniques. In addition to the above-mentioned methods, the classical technique of carbonizing polymeric deposits along with one of the novel techniques of plasma-treating, organically deposited Langmuir-Blodgett films, are also presented. Nanophase mixed ionic-electron membranes for enhanced oxygen transport are described, which pose a strong candidacy for a number of significant commercial applications.

Fundamentals of Inorganic Membrane Science and Technology

Author: A.J. Burggraaf
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080534701
Format: PDF
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Inorganic membrane science and technology is a new field of membrane separation technology which until recently was dominated by the earlier field of polymer membranes. Currently the subject is undergoing rapid development and innovation. The present book describes the fundamental principles of both synthesis of inorganic membranes and membrane supports and also the associated phenomena of transport and separation in a semi-quantitative form. Features of this book: - Examples are given which illustrate the state-of-the-art in the synthesis of membranes with controlled properties - Future possibilities and limitations are discussed - The reader is provided with references to more extended treatments in the literature - Potential areas for future innovation are indicated. By combining aspects of both the science and technology of inorganic membranes this book serves as a useful source of information for scientists and engineers working in this field. It also provides some observations of important investigators who have contributed to the development of this subject.

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes

Author: Angelo Basile
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128136464
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes: Carbon Dioxide Separation/Capture by Using Membranes explores the unique property of membranes to separate gases with different physical and chemical properties. The book covers both polymeric and inorganic materials for CO2 separation and explains their mechanism of action, allowing for the development and most appropriate and efficient processes. It also lists the advantages of using membranes instead of other separation techniques, i.e., their low operating costs and low energy consumption. This book offers a unique opportunity for scientists working in the field of membrane technology for CO2 separation and capture. Outlines numerous membrane-based technologies for CO2 separation and capture Lists new, advanced separation techniques and production processes Includes various applications, modelling, and the economic considerations of each process Covers advanced techniques for the separation of CO2 in natural gas

New Insights into Membrane Science and Technology Polymeric and Biofunctional Membranes

Author: Dibakar Bhattacharyya
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080537537
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Membrane techniques provide a broad science and technology base. Although there are several books in the traditional membrane field, there is a great need for a highly comprehensive book. This refereed book covers materials from highly respected researchers. This title is highly multidisciplinary in nature and should be extremely valuable to scientists and engineers involved in a variety of activities. Students and faculty members around the world will find this title to be an excellent reference book. Invited contributions from leading researchers in the field Coverage of topic is of value to scientists/engineers working in a variety of related fields [separations/reactions, advanced biofunctional materials, contactor designs] Aims to fill market gap for a highly comprehensive book containing advances in both synthetic and biofunctional/bimimetic membranes

Chemical Engineering and Chemical Process Technology Volume II

Author: Ryzhard Pohorecki
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 184826397X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Chemical Engineering and Chemical Process Technology is a theme component of Encyclopedia of Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering, dealing with processes in which materials undergo changes in their physical or chemical state. These changes may concern size, energy content, composition and/or other application properties. Chemical engineering deals with many processes belonging to chemical industry or related industries (petrochemical, metallurgical, food, pharmaceutical, fine chemicals, coatings and colors, renewable raw materials, biotechnological, etc.), and finds application in manufacturing of such products as acids, alkalis, salts, fuels, fertilizers, crop protection agents, ceramics, glass, paper, colors, dyestuffs, plastics, cosmetics, vitamins and many others. It also plays significant role in environmental protection, biotechnology, nanotechnology, energy production and sustainable economical development. The Theme on Chemical Engineering and Chemical Process Technology deals, in five volumes and covers several topics such as: Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering; Unit Operations – Fluids; Unit Operations – Solids; Chemical Reaction Engineering; Process Development, Modeling, Optimization and Control; Process Management; The Future of Chemical Engineering; Chemical Engineering Education; Main Products, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These five volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Handbook of sol gel science and technology 3 Applications of sol gel technology

Author: Sumio Sakka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402079689
Format: PDF, Docs
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Since Dr. Disiich of Germany prepared a glass lens by the sol-gel method around 1970, sol-gel science and technology has continued to develop. Since then this field has seen remarkable technical developments as well as a broadening of the applications of sol-gel science and technology. There is a growing need for a comprehensive reference that treats both the fundamentals and the applications, and this is the aim of "Handbook of Sol-Gel Science and Technology."The primary purpose of sol-gel science and technology is to produce materials, active and non-active including optical, electronic, chemical, sensor, bio- and structural materials. This means that sol-gel science and technology is related to all kinds of manufacturing industries. Thus Volume 1, "Sol-Gel Processing," is devoted to general aspects of processing. Newly developed materials such as organic-inorganic hybrids, photonic crystals, ferroelectric coatings, photocatalysts will be covered. Topics in this volume include: Volume 2, "Characterization of Sol-Gel Materials and Products, "highlights the important fact that useful materials are only produced when characterization is tied to processing. Furthermore, characterization is essential to the understanding of nanostructured materials, and sol-gel technology is a most important technology in this new field. Since nanomaterials display their functional property based on their nano- and micro-structure, "characterization" is very important. Topics found in Volume 2 include: Sol-gel technology is a versatile technology, making it possible to produce a wide variety of materials and to provide existing substances with novel properties. This technology was applied to producingnovel materials, for example organic-inorganic hybrids, which are quite difficult to make by other fabricating techniques, and it was also applied to producing materials based on high temperature superconducting oxides. "Applications of Sol-Gel Technology," (Volume 3), will cover applications such as:

Ceramic Membranes

Author: Vitaly Gitis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527334939
Format: PDF, ePub
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This textbook gives a clear and coherent overview of ceramic membranes, from preparation methods all the way to applications and economics. The authors, who are known for their clear writing style, combine their expertise in environmental engineering and porous materials to cover a wide range of examples, with over 1000 references. Chapters 1, 2 and 3 give a detailed introduction to membrane synthesis, transport mechanisms, and characterisation. Building on this, Chapter 4 outlines the state-of-the-art in ceramic membrane applications, including fuel cells, water purification, gas separation, and the making of cheeses, fruit juice, wine and beer. The final chapter deals with the economics of ceramic membrane processes, using industrial case studies to examine market barriers and opportunities. Ceramics are known throughout history, but now, after thousands of years, they´re making a comeback. Indeed, they may hold the key for addressing three of today´s biggest challenges: clean energy, drinking water and air pollution. This book is a must-have for anyone who wants to enter the ceramic membranes field, or keep up-to-date with the latest developments and applications. This textbook gives a clear and coherent overview of ceramic membranes, from preparation methods all the way to applications and economics. The authors, who are known for their clear writing style, combine their expertise in environmental engineering and porous materials to cover a wide range of examples, with over 1000 references. Chapters 1, 2 and 3 give a detailed introduction to membrane synthesis, transport mechanisms, and characterisation. Building on this, Chapter 4 outlines the state-of-the-art in ceramic membrane applications, including fuel cells, water purification, gas separation, and the making of cheeses, fruit juice, wine and beer. The final chapter deals with the economics of ceramic membrane processes, using industrial case studies to examine market barriers and opportunities. Ceramics are known throughout history, but now, after thousands of years, they´re making a comeback. Indeed, they may hold the key for addressing three of today´s biggest challenges: clean energy, drinking water and air pollution. This book is a must-have for anyone who wants to enter the ceramic membranes field, or keep up-to-date with the latest developments and applications.

Inorganic Membranes Synthesis Characterization and Applications

Author: Reyes Mallada
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080558004
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The withstanding properties of inorganic membranes provide a set of tools for solving many of the problems that the society is facing, from environmental to energy problems and from water quality to more competitive industries. Such a wide variety of issues requires a fundamental approach, together with the precise description of applications provided by those researchers that have been close to the industrial applications. The contents of this book expand the lectures given in a Summer School of the European Membrane Society. They combine an easily accessible description of the technology, suitable for the graduate level, with the most advanced developments and the prospective of future applications. The large variety of membrane types makes almost compulsory to select a specialist for each of them, and this has been the approach selected in this book. In the case of porous membranes, the advances are related to the synthesis of microporous materials such as silica, carbon and zeolite membranes and hollow fibre membranes. A chapter covers the increasingly relevant hybrid membranes. Attention is also devoted to dense inorganic membranes, experiencing constantly improved properties. The applications of all these membranes are considered throughout the book. Covers all the inorganic membranes field, by different experts It comes from a European Summer School It includes future directions in the field

Advanced Materials for Membrane Separations

Author: Ingo Pinnau
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
ISBN: 9780841238336
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Advanced Materials for Membrane Separations provides new insights to fundamental transport properties, fabrication and modification techniques for polymeric and inorganic membranes. Recent developments of high-performance membranes for various applications are highlighted.

Ceramic Membranes for Separation and Reaction

Author: Kang Li
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470319468
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Ceramic Membranes for Reaction and Separation is the first single-authored guide to the developing area of ceramic membranes. Starting by documenting established procedures of ceramic membrane preparation and characterization, this title then focuses on gas separation. The final chapter covers ceramic membrane reactors;- as distributors and separators, and general engineering considerations. Chapters include key examples to illustrate membrane synthesis, characterisation and applications in industry. Theoretical principles, advantages and disadvantages of using ceramic membranes under the various conditions are discussed where applicable.