Reconsidering Conceptual Change Issues in Theory and Practice

Author: Margarita Limón
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306476371
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is an important account of the state of the art of both theoretical and practical issues in the present-day research on conceptual change. Unique in its complete treatment of the questions that should be considered to further current understanding of knowledge construction and change, this book is useful for psychologists, cognitive scientists, educational researchers, curriculum developers, teachers and educators at all levels and in all disciplines.

International Handbook of Research on Conceptual Change

Author: Stella Vosniadou
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135283664
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The study of conceptual change traces its heritage to the notions of paradigm (networks of shared beliefs, concepts, practices) and paradigm shift made famous by Thomas Kuhn in his book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Kuhn’s work was quickly linked to developmental psychology (how knowledge develops) and to science education (teaching big, new ideas). This book is the first comprehensive review of the conceptual change movement and of the impressive research it has spawned on how knowledge develops and can be taught in different content areas. Because of its interdisciplinary focus chapter authors were instructed to write in a manner comprehensible to researchers and students from different fields. The International Handbook of Research on Conceptual Change consists of twenty-seven chapters that clarify the nature of conceptual change research, describes its most important findings and demonstrates their importance for education. It is organized into six sections that include detailed discussions of key theoretical and methodological issues, the roots of conceptual change research in the philosophy and history of science, mechanisms of conceptual change, and learner characteristics. It also contains chapters that describe conceptual change research in the content areas such as physics, astronomy, biology, medicine and health, and history. A particular focus is given to students’ difficulties in learning more advanced and counter-intuitive concepts.

Lehrerausbildung in vernetzten Lernumgebungen

Author: Monique Meier
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 3830987285
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Die Kombination von fachlichen, fachdidaktischen und bildungswissenschaftlichen Studienelementen sowie die Gliederung in drei Phasen sind Charakteristika der Lehrerbildung in Deutschland - stellen aber gleichzeitig eine besondere Herausforderung dar. Die verschiedenen Studienelemente und -phasen müssen strukturell und inhaltlich miteinander vernetzt und gemeinsam auf die Profession des Lehrerberufs ausgerichtet werden. Im Kasseler Projekt 'Professionalisierung durch Vernetzung' (PRONET) der 'Qualitätsoffensive Lehrerbildung' werden u.a. curriculare Vernetzungsmodelle entwickelt, in denen die Studienelemente so miteinander verknüpft werden, dass sie sich gegenseitig ergänzen und vertiefen. In mehreren Teilprojekten wurden zu den Konzepten 'situiertes Lernen' und 'Lernen mittels Konzeptwechsel' hochschuldidaktische Lernumgebungen zur Vernetzung unterschiedlicher Studienelemente beschrieben und mit ersten empirischen Befunden aus sieben Fachdisziplinen gestützt. Hierbei werden qualitative und quantitative Zugänge genutzt, um die Wirksamkeit von vernetzten Lernumgebungen auf die professionelle Handlungskompetenz angehender Lehrkräfte zu evaluieren.

Individuelle didaktische Theorien und Professionswissen

Author: Ludger Schröer
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 364313150X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Alltagstheoretisch geformte Überzeugungen zu historischem Lernen und zu gelingendem Geschichtsunterricht sind konsistenter Nährboden beruflicher Entwicklung. Welche Deutungsmuster und Sinnbildungen schreiben Novizen Geschichte zu? Welche Aufgaben und Ziele verfolgen sie mit dem Geschichtsunterricht und welche Gelingensvorstellungen offenbaren sich in ihren Transformationen? Von welchem fachprofessionellen Selbstverständnis lassen sie sich tragen? Die Ergebnisse dieser empirischen Studie im unmittelbaren Berufseinstieg (Referendariat) fordern die universitäre und schulpraktische Geschichtslehrerausbildung heraus.

The Origin of Concepts

Author: Susan Carey
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199887918
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Only human beings have a rich conceptual repertoire with concepts like tort, entropy, Abelian group, mannerism, icon and deconstruction. How have humans constructed these concepts? And once they have been constructed by adults, how do children acquire them? While primarily focusing on the second question, in The Origin of Concepts , Susan Carey shows that the answers to both overlap substantially. Carey begins by characterizing the innate starting point for conceptual development, namely systems of core cognition. Representations of core cognition are the output of dedicated input analyzers, as with perceptual representations, but these core representations differ from perceptual representations in having more abstract contents and richer functional roles. Carey argues that the key to understanding cognitive development lies in recognizing conceptual discontinuities in which new representational systems emerge that have more expressive power than core cognition and are also incommensurate with core cognition and other earlier representational systems. Finally, Carey fleshes out Quinian bootstrapping, a learning mechanism that has been repeatedly sketched in the literature on the history and philosophy of science. She demonstrates that Quinian bootstrapping is a major mechanism in the construction of new representational resources over the course of childrens cognitive development. Carey shows how developmental cognitive science resolves aspects of long-standing philosophical debates about the existence, nature, content, and format of innate knowledge. She also shows that understanding the processes of conceptual development in children illuminates the historical process by which concepts are constructed, and transforms the way we think about philosophical problems about the nature of concepts and the relations between language and thought.

Nation Building and History Education in a Global Culture

Author: Joseph Zajda
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401797293
Format: PDF
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This book examines the nexus between nation-building and history education globally and the implication for cultural diversity and social justice. It studies some of the major education reforms and policy issues in history education in a global culture, and regards them in the light of recent shifts in history education and policy research. In doing so, the volume provides a comprehensive picture of the intersecting and diverse discourses of globalisation, history education and policy-driven reforms. It makes clear that the impact of globalisation on education policy and reforms is a strategically significant issue for us all. The book focuses on the importance of nation-building and patriotism in history education, and presents up-to-date research on global trends in history education reforms and policy research. It provides an easily accessible, practical yet scholarly source of information about the international concerns in the field of globalisation, history education and policy research.

Education Studies

Author: John Sharp
Publisher: Learning Matters Limited
ISBN: 9781844450473
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Education Studies is an increasingly popular undergraduate degree course, investigating the key issues in education both past and present, and developing students' critical thinking. This book, whose contributors include key names and institutions in Education Studies, is completely up-to-date and the first to directly address these issues. For each topic, an overview is followed by discussion of a key topic from a variety of perspectives, including Research Summary and Pause for Thought boxes to promote reflection and analysis.

Teacher Development in Action

Author: M. Kubanyiova
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230348424
Format: PDF, Docs
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Bringing together multiple sources of data and combining existing theories across language teacher cognition, teacher education, second language motivation and psychology, this empirically-grounded analysis of teacher development in action offers new insights into the complex and dynamic nature of language teachers' conceptual change.