Recycling of Solid Waste for Biofuels and Bio chemicals

Author: Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811001502
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book presents the latest advances in and current research perspectives on the field of urban/industrial solid waste recycling for bio-energy and bio-fuel recovery. It chiefly focuses on five main thematic areas, namely bioreactor landfills coupled with energy and nutrient recovery; microbial insights into anaerobic digestion; greenhouse emission assessment; pyrolysis techniques for special waste treatment; and industrial waste stabilization options. In addition, it compiles the results of case studies and solid waste management perspectives from different countries.

Biofuels

Author: Ram Sarup Singh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498723608
Format: PDF, ePub
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This will be a comprehensive multi-contributed reference work, with the Editors being highly regarded alternative fuels experts from India and Switzerland. There will be a strong orientation toward production of biofuels covering such topics as biodiesel from renewable sources, biofuels from biomass, vegetable based feedstocks from biofuel production, global demand for biofuels and economic aspects of biofuel production. Book covers the latest advances in all product areas relative to biofuels. Discusses coverage of public opinion related to biofuels. Chapters will be authored by world class researchers and practitioners in various aspects of biofuels. Provides good comprehensive coverage of biofuels for algae. Presents extensive discussion of future prospects in biofuels.

Comprehensive Energy Systems

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128149256
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Comprehensive Energy Systems provides a unified source of information covering the entire spectrum of energy, one of the most significant issues humanity has to face. This comprehensive book describes traditional and novel energy systems, from single generation to multi-generation, also covering theory and applications. In addition, it also presents high-level coverage on energy policies, strategies, environmental impacts and sustainable development. No other published work covers such breadth of topics in similar depth. High-level sections include Energy Fundamentals, Energy Materials, Energy Production, Energy Conversion, and Energy Management. Offers the most comprehensive resource available on the topic of energy systems Presents an authoritative resource authored and edited by leading experts in the field Consolidates information currently scattered in publications from different research fields (engineering as well as physics, chemistry, environmental sciences and economics), thus ensuring a common standard and language

Sustainable Environmental Engineering

Author: Walter Z. Tang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119085632
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The important resource that explores the twelve design principles of sustainable environmental engineering Sustainable Environmental Engineering (SEE) is to research, design, and build Environmental Engineering Infrastructure System (EEIS) in harmony with nature using life cycle cost analysis and benefit analysis and life cycle assessment and to protect human health and environments at minimal cost. The foundations of the SEE are the twelve design principles (TDPs) with three specific rules for each principle. The TDPs attempt to transform how environmental engineering could be taught by prioritizing six design hierarchies through six different dimensions. Six design hierarchies are prevention, recovery, separation, treatment, remediation, and optimization. Six dimensions are integrated system, material economy, reliability on spatial scale, resiliency on temporal scale, and cost effectiveness. In addition, the authors, two experts in the field, introduce major computer packages that are useful to solve real environmental engineering design problems. The text presents how specific environmental engineering issues could be identified and prioritized under climate change through quantification of air, water, and soil quality indexes. For water pollution control, eight innovative technologies which are critical in the paradigm shift from the conventional environmental engineering design to water resource recovery facility (WRRF) are examined in detail. These new processes include UV disinfection, membrane separation technologies, Anammox, membrane biological reactor, struvite precipitation, Fenton process, photocatalytic oxidation of organic pollutants, as well as green infrastructure. Computer tools are provided to facilitate life cycle cost and benefit analysis of WRRF. This important resource: • Includes statistical analysis of engineering design parameters using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) • Presents Monte Carlos simulation using Crystal ball to quantify uncertainty and sensitivity of design parameters • Contains design methods of new energy, materials, processes, products, and system to achieve energy positive WRRF that are illustrated with Matlab • Provides information on life cycle costs in terms of capital and operation for different processes using MatLab Written for senior or graduates in environmental or chemical engineering, Sustainable Environmental Engineering defines and illustrates the TDPs of SEE. Undergraduate, graduate, and engineers should find the computer codes are useful in their EEIS design. The exercise at the end of each chapter encourages students to identify EEI engineering problems in their own city and find creative solutions by applying the TDPs. For more information, please visit www.tang.fiu.edu.

Water and Sanitation in the World s Cities

Author: United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1844070034
Format: PDF, ePub
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'This is surely the most impressive and important publication to come out of the UN system for many years.'Peter Adamson, founder, New Internationalist, and author and researcher of UNICEF's The State of the World's Children from 1980 to 1995The world's governments agreed at the Millennium Summit to halve, by 2015, the number of people who lack access to safe water. With rapidly growing urban populations the challenge is immense.Water and Sanitation in the World's Cities is a comprehensive and authoritative assessment of the problems and how they can be addressed. This influential publication by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) sets out in detail the scale of inadequate provision of water and sanitation. It describes the impacts on health and economic performance, showing the potential gains of remedial action; it analyses the proximate and underlying causes of poor provision and identifies information gaps affecting resource allocation; it outlines the consequences of further deterioration; and it explains how resources and institutional capacities - public, private and community - can be used to deliver proper services through integrated water resource management.

Sustainable Luxury

Author: Miguel Angel Gardetti
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811306230
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book highlights ten cases of entrepreneurship that – in the context of circular economy – have redefined the paradigm of luxury and the notion of exclusivity that it requires. It shows how, by using technology and a new consumption model, the ten companies have created novel business models for luxury, and more intelligent forms of use better-suited to modern times.

Environmental Impacts of Traditional and Innovative Forest based Bioproducts

Author: Andreja Kutnar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811006555
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book provides a comprehensive description of traditional and innovative forest-based bioproducts, from pulp and paper, wood-based composites and wood fuels to chemicals and fiber-based composites. The descriptions of different types of forest-based bioproducts are supplemented by the environmental impacts involved in their processing, use, and end-of-life phase. Further, the possibility of reusing, recycling and upgrading bioproducts at the end of their projected life cycle is discussed. As the intensity of demand for forest biomass is currently changing, forest-based industries need to respond with innovative products, business models, marketing and management. As such, the book concludes with a chapter on the bioproducts business and these products’ role in bioeconomies.

Food Industry Wastes

Author: Maria Kosseva
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123919282
Format: PDF, ePub
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Food Industry Wastes: Assessment and Recuperation of Commodities presents emerging techniques and opportunities for the treatment of food wastes, the reduction of water footprint, and creating sustainable food systems. Written by a team of experts from around the world, this book provides a guide for implementing bioprocessing techniques. It also helps researchers develop new options for the recuperation of these wastes for community benefit. More than 34 million tons of food waste was generated in the United States in 2009, at a cost of approximately $43 billion. And while less than three percent of that waste was recovered and recycled, there is growing interest and development in recovering and recycling food waste. These processes have the potential not only to reduce greenhouse gases, but to provide energy and resources for other purposes. This book examines these topics in detail, starting with sources, characterization and composition of food wastes, and development of green production strategies. The book then turns to treatment techniques such as solid-state fermentation and anaerobic digestion of solid food waste for biogas and fertilizer. A deep section on innovative biocatalysts and bioreactors follows, encompassing hydrogen generation and thermophilic aerobic bioprocessing technologies. Rounding out the volume are extensive sections on water footprints, including electricity generation from microbial fuel cells (MFCs), and life cycle assessments. Food waste is an area of focus for a wide range of related industries from food science to energy and engineering Outlines the development of green product strategies International authoring team represents the leading edge in research and development Highlights leading trends of current research as well as future opportunities for reusing food waste

Municipal Solid Waste Incineration

Author: T. Rand
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821346686
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Ever increasing amounts of solid waste and dwindling space for disposal is a problem reaching crisis level in many of the world's largest urban areas. Incineration as an alternative to landfill has come under scrutiny, though the capital and operating costs generally exceed those associated with landfill. This report provides background information for the "Decision-maker' guide to municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration". Key criteria for a solid waste incineration scheme are identified, and the report gives decision makers information on how to investigate and assess the degree to which they are fulfilled.

Biofuels from Food Waste

Author: Antoine Prandota Trzcinski
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781138093720
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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4.3.1 Effects of Substrate on Glucoamylase Production -- 4.3.2 Effects of Temperature -- 4.3.3 Effects of Particle Size -- 4.3.4 Effects of Substrate Loading -- 4.3.5 Volume Reduction of Food Waste after Enzymatic Hydrolysis -- 4.3.6 Utilization of Crude Enzymes for Food Waste Saccharification -- 4.3.7 Optimization of Glucoamylase Production by Response Surface Methodology -- 4.3.8 Validation of the Response Model -- 4.4 Conclusions -- Chapter 5: Enhancing the Hydrolysis and Methane Production Potential of Mixed Food Wastes by an Effective Enzymatic Pretreatment -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Materials and Methods -- 5.2.1 Cake Waste for the Production of Fungal Mash -- 5.2.2 Production of Fungal Mash -- 5.2.3 Hydrolysis of Food Waste -- 5.2.4 Anaerobic Digestion of Enzymatically Pretreated Food Waste -- 5.2.5 Analytical Methods -- 5.2.6 Data Analysis -- 5.3 Results and Discussion -- 5.3.1 Production of Glucose and Free Amino Nitrogen from Food Waste Pretreated with Fungal Mash -- 5.3.2 Release of Soluble COD in Food Waste Pretreatment with Fungal Mash -- 5.3.3 Anaerobic Digestion of Food Waste Pretreated with Fungal Mash -- 5.4 Conclusions and Future Prospects -- References -- Index