Red Skin White Masks

Author: Glen Sean Coulthard
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452942439
Format: PDF, Kindle
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WINNER OF: Frantz Fanon Outstanding Book from the Caribbean Philosophical Association Canadian Political Science Association’s C.B. MacPherson Prize Studies in Political Economy Book Prize Over the past forty years, recognition has become the dominant mode of negotiation and decolonization between the nation-state and Indigenous nations in North America. The term “recognition” shapes debates over Indigenous cultural distinctiveness, Indigenous rights to land and self-government, and Indigenous peoples’ right to benefit from the development of their lands and resources. In a work of critically engaged political theory, Glen Sean Coulthard challenges recognition as a method of organizing difference and identity in liberal politics, questioning the assumption that contemporary difference and past histories of destructive colonialism between the state and Indigenous peoples can be reconciled through a process of acknowledgment. Beyond this, Coulthard examines an alternative politics—one that seeks to revalue, reconstruct, and redeploy Indigenous cultural practices based on self-recognition rather than on seeking appreciation from the very agents of colonialism. Coulthard demonstrates how a “place-based” modification of Karl Marx’s theory of “primitive accumulation” throws light on Indigenous–state relations in settler-colonial contexts and how Frantz Fanon’s critique of colonial recognition shows that this relationship reproduces itself over time. This framework strengthens his exploration of the ways that the politics of recognition has come to serve the interests of settler-colonial power. In addressing the core tenets of Indigenous resistance movements, like Red Power and Idle No More, Coulthard offers fresh insights into the politics of active decolonization.

Multikulturalismus und die Politik der Anerkennung

Author: Charles Taylor
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783518295298
Format: PDF, ePub
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Charles Taylor greift in seinem Essay eines der brennenden Gegenwartsprobleme liberaler Demokratien auf: Gleichbehandlung der Individuen bei Achtung kultureller und ethnischer Identitäten. Die prekäre Dialektik von Universalismus und Partikularismus, die auch im Schlagwort von der ”multikulturellen Gesellschaft“ widerhallt, analysiert er ideengeschichtlich sowie politisch-praktisch an den zeitgenössischen westlichen Gesellschaften. Er beschreibt den Wertewandel, die Selbstbehauptungswünsche von Minderheiten und die rechtlichen Widersprüche in den Autonomiebestrebungen von Volksgruppen. Taylors Analyse ist ein Glücksfall und das Buch mit den Kommentaren von führenden Sozialphilosophen einer der wichtigsten Diskussionsbeiträge zum Thema ”Multikulturalismus“

Speaking of Indigenous Politics

Author: J. Kehaulani Kauanui
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452957150
Format: PDF, ePub
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“A lesson in how to practice recognizing the fundamental truth that every inch of the Americas is Indigenous territory” —Robert Warrior, from the Foreword Many people learn about Indigenous politics only through the most controversial and confrontational news: the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe’s efforts to block the Dakota Access Pipeline, for instance, or the battle to protect Bears Ears National Monument in Utah, a site sacred to Native peoples. But most Indigenous activism remains unseen in the mainstream—and so, of course, does its significance. J. Kēhaulani Kauanui set out to change that with her radio program Indigenous Politics. Issue by issue, she interviewed people who talked candidly and in an engaging way about how settler colonialism depends on erasing Native peoples and about how Native peoples can and do resist. Collected here, these conversations speak with clear and compelling voices about a range of Indigenous politics that shape everyday life. Land desecration, treaty rights, political status, cultural revitalization: these are among the themes taken up by a broad cross-section of interviewees from across the United States and from Canada, Mexico, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Australia, and New Zealand. Some speak from the thick of political action, some from a historical perspective, others from the reaches of Indigenous culture near and far. Writers, like Comanche Paul Chaat Smith, author of Everything You Know about Indians Is Wrong, expand on their work—about gaming and sovereignty, for example, or protecting Native graves, the reclamation of land, or the erasure of Indian identity. These conversations both inform and engage at a moment when their messages could not be more urgent. Contributors: Jessie Little Doe Baird (Mashpee Wampanoag), Omar Barghouti, Lisa Brooks (Abenaki), Kathleen A. Brown-Pérez (Brothertown Indian Nation), Margaret “Marge” Bruchac (Abenaki), Jessica Cattelino, David Cornsilk (Cherokee Nation), Sarah Deer (Muskogee Creek Nation), Philip J. Deloria (Dakota), Tonya Gonnella Frichner (Onondaga Nation), Hone Harawira (Ngapuhi Nui Tonu), Suzan Shown Harjo (Cheyenne and Hodulgee Muscogee), Rashid Khalidi, Winona LaDuke (White Earth Ojibwe), Maria LaHood, James Luna (Luiseño), Aileen Moreton-Robinson (Quandamooka), Chief Mutáwi Mutáhash (Many Hearts) Marilynn “Lynn” Malerba (Mohegan), Steven Newcomb (Shawnee/Lenape), Jean M. O’Brien (White Earth Ojibwe), Jonathan Kamakawiwo‘ole Osorio (Kanaka Maoli), Steven Salaita, Paul Chaat Smith (Comanche), Circe Sturm (Mississippi Choctaw descendant), Margo Taméz (Lipan Apache), Chief Richard Velky (Schaghticoke), Patrick Wolfe.

Guided by the Mountains

Author: Michael Lerma
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190639873
Format: PDF, Mobi
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What do traditional Indigenous institutions of governance offer to our understanding of the contemporary challenges faced by the Navajo Nation today and tomorrow? Guided by the Mountains looks at the tensions between Indigenous political philosophy and the challenges faced by Indigenous nations in building political institutions that address contemporary problems and enact "good governance." Specifically, it looks at Navajo, or Diné, political thought, focusing on traditional Diné institutions that offer "a new (old) understanding of contemporary governance challenges" facing the Navajo Nation. Arguing not only for the existence but also the persistence of traditional Navajo political thought and policy, Guided by the Mountains asserts that "traditional" Indigenous philosophy provides a model for creating effective governance institutions that address current issues faced by Indigenous nations. Incorporating both visual interpretations and narrative accounts of traditional and contemporary Diné institutions of government from Diné philosophers, the book is the first to represent Indigenous philosophy as the foundation behind traditional and contemporary governance. It also explains how Diné governance institutions operated during Pre-Contact and Post-Contact times. This path-breaking book stands as the first-time normative account of Diné philosophy.

Die dunkle Seite der Demokratie

Author: Michael Mann
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783936096750
Format: PDF
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Mörderische ethnische Säuberungen sind, so die zentrale These Michael Manns in diesem Buch, die dunkle Seite der Demokratie. Ethnische Säuberungen haben sich nicht nur gemeinsam mit dem Prozess der Demokratisierung ausgebreitet, vielmehr haftet dem demokratischen Nationalstaat selbst ein organizistischer Nationalismus an, der danach strebt, demos und ethnos, Staatsvolk und Abstammungsgemeinschaft, deckungsgleich zu machen - wenn nötig mit Gewalt. Michael Mann, Professor für Soziologie an der University of California in Los Angeles, hat eine umfassende Studie des Phänomens der ethnischen Säuberung verfasst, die schon als dichte Beschreibung der wichtigsten Fälle - des Siedlerkolonialismus in Nordamerika, des Massenmordes an den Armeniern, der nationalsozialistischen Vernichtungspolitik, der kommunistischen Gewalt unter Stalin, Mao und Pol Pot, des ethnischen Bürgerkriegs in Jugoslawien, des Genozids in Ruanda - beeindruckt. Die historisch-soziologische Analyse zielt darauf ab, anhand dieser empirischen Daten systematische Erkenntnisse und theoretische Erklärungen herauszuarbeiten. So fragt Michael Mann, wann es zu einer mörderischen ethnischen Säuberung kommt und wann nicht. Wo und wann treten organizistische Vorstellungen von Demokratie auf und wo werden sie gefährlich? Wer sind die Täter und was lässt sie zu Tätern werden, wie normal und gewöhnlich sind sie? Michael Mann nutzt die in seiner Geschichte der Macht destillierte Theorie der Entstehung des modernen Nationalstaats, um ethnische Säuberungen als Entwicklungstendenz der Moderne zu deuten. Gegen eine naive Idealisierung der Demokratie stellt er fest, dass demokratisch verfasste Nationalstaaten auf den Gräbern ethnisch gesäuberter Gebiete errichtet worden sind, und prophezeit, dass zumindest auf der Südhalbkugel der Erde dieser Prozess der Errichtung ethnisch homogener Staaten noch nicht abgeschlossen ist. Seine Analyse bietet jedoch auch historische Gegenbeispiele, wie etwa.