Private Business and Economic Reform in China

Author: Susan Young
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317462114
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Based on Party and state documents, Chinese newspaper reports and surveys, the Chinese and Western scholarly literature and the author's own fieldwork, this important study examines the private sector as a case study of the mechanics of reform in China, emphasizing the relationships among local officials, private businesses, and central policy. The book traces the growth of private business in China since 1978 and focuses on the interaction between private sector policy and other reforms and examines how this has affected China's political economy.

Dilemmas of Reform in China

Author: Joseph Fewsmith
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9781563243271
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This is a comprehensive account of the Chinese debates on economic reforms, from the Third Plenum of 1978 to the crackdown of 1989. It is designed for scholars and graduate students interested in the political economy of China's reforms.

Debating Political Reform in China Rule of Law vs Democratization

Author: Suisheng Zhao
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317473302
Format: PDF
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The growing disconnect between China's market-oriented economy with its emerging civil society, and the brittle, anacronistic, and authoritarian state has given rise to intense discussion and debate about political reform, not only by Western observers, but also among Chinese intellectuals. While some expect China's political reform to lead to democratization, others have proposed to strengthen the institution of single-party rule and provide it with a solid legal base. This book brings the ongoing debate to life and explores the options for political reform. Offering the perspectives of both Western and Chinese scholars, it presents the controversial argument for building a consultive rule of law regime as an alternative to liberal democracy. It provides several critiques of this thesis, and then tests the thesis through empirical studies on the development of the rule of law in China.

Education and Social Change in China

Author: Gerard A. Postiglione
Publisher: Gremese Editore
ISBN: 9780765614773
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Market reform, financial decentralization, and economic globalization have greatly accentuated China's social and regional inequalities. Education is expected to address these inequalities in a context of rapid social change, including the rise of an urban middle class, changed status of women, resurgence of ethnic identities, growing rural to urban migration, and lingering poverty in remote areas. But some argue that state policies have not sufficiently addressed inequitable practices, and that schools actually perpetuate and reproduce inequities, giving rise to a new system of social stratification driven more by market forces than socialist principles. Featuring all original, previously unpublished material, this volume examines this argument through analysis of selected aspects of educational stratification in China during the reform era. Chapters focus on the new urban middle class, poor rural residents, the migrant population in urban areas, rural girls, and ethnic minorities. The contributors are established scholars in the field, and they build a conceptual framework for assessing the degree to which China's educational reforms are inclusive, equitable, and integrative across social categories and groups.

Constitutional Reform and the Future of the Republic of China

Author: Howard Feldman
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9780873328807
Format: PDF
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The conference that forms the basis for this book was held in Taipei in 1989. With contributions by political figures from both the Kuomintang and the opposition Democratic Progressive Party, as well as leading scholars from Taiwan and the US, this book discusses the critical issues affecting the future of Taiwan. The book discusses Taiwan's economic achievements, its pathbreaking experiments with political reform, its unique patterns of political participation, its example as a fully modernized Chinese cultural community, its importance in the world trading system, and its key role in Pacific Basin international relations. It also discusses how these factors have made Taiwan a focus of interest for students of economic development, comparative politics and international relations.

China s Transition from Socialism

Author: Dorothy J. Solinger
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9781563240683
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The essays in this volume address the industrial, commercial, urban and regional reforms of China's planned economy during the 1980s. The emphasis is on the dominating institutional and bureaucratic presence of the state even as it sought to loosen the pre-1979 vertically structured centralised command system and to introduce some market principles to stimulate economic activity. The essays fall into four categories: theoretical and policy discussions and debates at the central leadership level; reform of the urban economy and of inter-regional relations; industrial and commercial reforms; and the rise and position of the new entrepreneurial class. Many of the essays draw on interviews with Chinese economic officials in the Central China city of Wuhan and therefore this is the only study that uses local data on actual operations of reforms from a Chinese city; the other sources are the Chinese press and Chinese official and scholarly journals. In each of the categories there are pieces from different points in the chronological process of reform. This study begins with the first theoretical discussions among China's economists and top political leaders in the late 1970s and concludes with experiments with bankruptcy and stock markets in the late 1980s. The countervailing heavy presence of the state at both the policy and the practical levels throughout the reform decade is its unifying theme.

The Market Mechanism and Economic Reforms in China

Author: William A. Byrd
Publisher: East Gate Book
ISBN:
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This theoretical and empirical study of market-oriented reforms in Chinese industry since the late 1970s focuses on the expansion of the market mechanism in the allocation of industrial products and the concurrent decline of directive planning - a strategy that is a crucial component of the ambitious overall reform "package" that Chinese reformers are trying to implement. The expanding role of Chinese industrial goods has had major implications for the functioning and importance of planning which, the author argues, has become largely irrelevant in terms of direct control over short-term allocation.

Provincial Strategies of Economic Reform in Post Mao China

Author: Peter T. Y. Cheung
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9780765601476
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book studies economic decentralization in eight Chinese provinces -- Shanghai, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Shaanxi, Shandong, Fujian, Hainan, and Sichuan -- by focusing on the role of provincial leadership in the initiation and implementation of economic reform.